ARIZONA 11 Electoral Votes 
link to clickable map
Population 
(Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Arizona Secretary of State)
Total Resident Population, July 1, 2019 est.
7,278,717
Total Registration, Nov. 2020
4,281,152 >

Rep. 1,508,778  Dem. 1,378,324  Other 1,335,665  Lib. 38,385

Arizona has: 15 counties.
Two largest counties: Maricopa, Pima.
Six largest cities: Phoenix, Tucson, Mesa, Chandler, Glendale, Scottsdale.
Note: 60.2-percent of registered voters are in Maricopa County.

Government
Governor: Doug Ducey (R) elected in 2014, re-elected 2018.
State Legislature: Arizona State Legislature   House: 60 seats  Senate: 30 seats
Local: Cities  Counties  Tribal   NACO
U.S. House: 5D, 4R - 1. T.O'Halleran (D) | 2. A.Kirkpatrick (D) | 3. R.Grijalva (D) | 4. P.Gosar (R) | 5. A.Biggs (R) | 6. D.Schweikert (R) | 7.R.Gallego (D) | 8. D.Lesko (R) | 8. G.Stanton (D).
U.S. Senate: Krysten Sinema (D) elected in 2018, Martha McSally (R) appointed Dec. 2018, defeated.
Mark Kelly (D)
to assume office on Dec. 2, 2020.
2020

U.S. Senate: The special election race between appointed Sen. Martha McSally (R) and Mark Kelly (D), former astronaut and husband of former Rep. Gabby Giffords, was of the marquee contests of the cycle.  Kelly won by 1,716,467 votes (51.16%) to 1,637,661 (48.81%) and is being sworn in on Dec. 2, 2020.
U.S. House: All nine members were re-elected
.
State Legislature: All 30 Senate seats and all 60 House seats were up.  Republicans retained control of both chambers; the Senate went from 17R, 13D to 16R, 14D and the House stayed at 31R, 29D.
Ballot Measures:
Voters approved the two initiatives; Proposition 207 on responsible adult use, regulation and taxation of marijuana by 60.03% and Proposition 208, a surcharge on income over $250,000/$500,000 for education funding by 51.75%. >

State of Arizona
Secretary of State

AZ Republican Party
AZ Democratic Party
AZ Libertarian Party

AZ Green Party
Const. Party of AZ

Arizona Republic
Media (Newsp.)
TV, Radio

blogs
Blog for Arizona
Seeing Red AZ

Politics1-AZ
Ballotpedia-AZ


The Grand Canyon State 
General Election -- Tuesday, November 3, 2020
Voter registration deadline: Oct. 5 > Oct. 23 > Oct. 15.*

Early ballots mail: Oct. 7.

In-person early voting starts: Oct. 7
. (+)

SOS
 

Litigation
- Democrats successfully challenged a rule disqualifying mail-in ballots missing signatures and giving voters no opportunity to fix the issue.  This gave voters up to five days after the election as was already the case on ballots with signature discrepancies (+)

- A lawsuit over the election day receipt deadline for mail ballots, under which ballots received after 7 p.m. on Election Day are rejected irrespective of postmark, resulted in a settlement agreement [PDF]
- Another vote by mail lawsuit came on Aug. 26, 2020 when six members of the Navajo Nation filed a voting rights claim.  They pointed out that mail in sparsely populated parts of the state takes a substantially longer time to get to its recipient and sought to ensure that ballots postmarked on Election Day are counted by election officials.  The 9th Circuit Court of Appeals rejected the claim in an Oct. 15 ruling (+).
*
A Oct. 6, 2020 ruling by U.S. District Judge Steven P. Logan extended the voter registration deadline from Oct. 5 to Oct. 23 , but a week later on Oct. 13 the 9th Circuit Court of Appeals pared the extension back to Oct. 15 (+).
Official Results >
 
 
Trump/Pence (Rep.)
1,661,686
(49.06)
+Biden/Harris (Dem.)
1,672,143
(49.36)
Jorgensen/Cohen (Lib.)
51,463
(1.52)
5 w/ins
2,032
(0.06)
Total ........3,387,324

Ballots Cast: 3,420,565

BALLOT
Ballot Access [PDF]
- An Aug. 31 lawsuit challenged Kanye West's right to appear on the Arizona ballot as an Independent.  On Sept. 4 a Maricopa County Superior Court judge ruled that West would not appear on the ballot.  The Arizona Supreme Court upheld the lower court in a Sept. 8 ruling (1, 2, 3, 4, 5).
Overview:  Arizona was very much in play in 2020.  In 2016 Trump carried the state by just 3.54 percentage points.  Arizona was the first state for which the Biden campaign announced its general election leadership, on June 19.
    The campaigns, parties and aligned groups were fully active (D, allies, | R, allies).  Key demographic groups include Hispanic or Latino, accounting for 31.7% of the state's population, seniors (65 and older) 17.5%, and Native Americans, 5.3%.  The high-profile Senate race added to voter interest. 
   FOX News' call of Arizona for Biden at 11:20 p.m. on Election Night earned the network the ire Trump supporters.  While the margin narrowed considerably as votes were counted, certified results announced Nov. 30 showed Biden won by 10,457 votes (0.30 percentage points); Arizona Republicans are continuing to challenge the outcome (+). 
     

Trump  |  Biden


See also:
Annie Karni and Maggie Haberman.  "Fox's Arizona Call for Biden Flipped the Mood at Trump Headquarters."  New York Times, Nov. 4, 2020.

John McCormack.  "Battleground Arizona."  National Review, Sept. 17, 2020.

Elaina Plott.  "G.O.P. Women in Arizona Could Decide an Unexpected 2020 Battle."  New York Times, Aug. 26, 2020.

Elaine Godfrey.  "How to Lose a Swing State."  The Atlantic, July 25, 2020.

  [State Primary: August 4, 2020]
Presidential Preference Election -- Tuesday, March 17, 2020
Total eligible registration (Dem.): 1,256,343.  Total ballots cast: 613,355.  Turnout 48.82%.

Democrats
Biden 268,029 (43.70%), Sanders 200,456 (32.68%)... Total 613,355.  Details

80 Delegates: 44 District, 14 At-Large, 9 PLEO, 13 Unpledged.


Republicans
The Arizona Republican party opted not to hold a presidential primary.

General Election Winners in Arizona, 1992-2016
1992 1996 2000 2004 2008 2012 2016
Bush
38.47%
Clinton
46.52%
Bush
51.02%
Bush
54.87%
McCain
53.64%
Romney
53.65%
Trump
48.67%
  and the details...

General Election -- Tuesday, November 8, 2016
Voting Eligible Population*: 4,738,332
VEP Highest Office Turnout Rate: 54.3%.


Registration:
Rep. 1,239,614 (34.54%)   Dem. 1,091,323 (30.41%)   Lib. 31,358 (0.87%)   Other 1,219,277 (33.98%)   Grn. 6,894 (0.19%)  ...Total 3,588,466.

Voter Registration Deadline: Oct. 10, 2016.
Early Voting Begins: Oct. 12, 2016.


Official Results >

 
Clinton/Kaine (Dem.)
1,161,167
(45.13)
Johnson/Weld (Lib.)
106,327
(4.13)
Stein/Baraka (Grn.)
34,345
(1.33)
+Trump/Pence (Rep.)
1,252,401
(48.67)
Darrell Castle (w/in)
1,058
(0.04)
Evan McMullin (w/in)
17,449
(0.68)
more write-ins (14)
418
(0.02)
Total........2,573,165

Ballots cast: 2,661,497
Overview: Democrats had not carried Arizona in the presidential race since 1996, but the Clinton campaign made a play for the state, including staff on the ground, TV ads, and several late visits.  The Republican ticket nonetheless won the state by 91,234 votes (3.54 percentage points), carrying 11 counties to four for Clinton-Kaine (Apache, Coconino, Pima and Santa Cruz).  With the benefit of hindsight, many pundits questioned the Democrats' investment here, saying they should have focused on top-tier battleground states. 
   Officials in Maricopa County made improvements after "completely unacceptable" long lines and confusion marked the March 22 presidential primary (+, PDF).
General Election Visits
[SOS | parties]  Clinton  |  Trump
BALLOT [PDF]
 
General Election -- Tuesday, November 6, 2012
Voting Eligible Population*: 4,360,076.
VEP Highest Office Turnout Rate: 52.9%.

Registration: Rep. 1,120,992 (35.88%)   Dem. 952,931 (30.50%)   Lib. 22,086 (0.71%)   Other 1,023,603 (32.76%)  Grn. 4,863  Am. 237  ...Total 3,124,712.

Voter Registration Deadline: Oct. 9, 2012.
Early Voting Begins: Oct.11, 2012.
Official Results >

 
Obama/Biden (Dem.)
1,025,232
(44.59)
Stein/Honkala (Grn.)
7,816
(0.34)
Johnson/Gray (Lib.)
32,100
(1.40)
+Romney/Ryan (Rep.)
1,233,654
(53.65)
write-ins (6)
452
 
Total........2,299,254

Ballots cast: 2,323,579
2012 Overview
The Obama campaign made some noise about Arizona being in play (+), and worked to register voters, but in the end did not fully engage.  When the votes were counted the result was similar to in 2008; the Romney/Ryan ticket won with a plurality of 208,422 votes (9.06 percentage points), carrying 11 counties to four for Obama/Biden. 
General Election Details
Obama  |  (Romney)
BALLOT [PDF]

General Election -- Tuesday, November 4, 2008
Voting eligible population*: 4,096,006.
VEP Highest Office Turnout Rate: 56.0%.

Early voting began Oct. 2, 2008.
Early ballots requested: 1,347,428.
Early ballots returned: 1,233,333.
Early ballots counted: 1,227,267...this is 52.88% of the 2,320,951 ballots cast.

Registration: Rep. 1,118,587 (37.44%)   Dem. 1,022,252 (34.22%)   Lib. 18,153 (0.61%)   Other 824,450 (27.60%)   Grn. 4,009  ...Total 2,987,451 +
Official Results >


Obama/Biden (Dem.) 1,034,707
(45.12)
McKinney/Clemente (Grn.)
3,406
(0.15)
Barr/Root (Lib.)
12,555
(0.55)
+McCain/Palin (Rep.)
1,230,111
(53.64)
Nader/Gonzalez (none)
11,301
(0.49)
Chuck Baldwin (w/in)
1,371
(0.06)
Jay Charles (w/in)
16
-
Jonathan Allen (w/in)
8
-
Total........2,293,475


Ballots cast: 2,320,951.
2008 Overview
Sen. McCain won his home state, although the Obama campaign ran some late ads here.  Also of note, Republicans' registration advantage had been reduced from 5.33 percentage points (140,988) in Nov. 2004 to 3.22 percentage points (96,335) in Nov. 2008. (+)  Nonetheless the McCain-Palin ticket carried 11 counties to four for Obama-Biden, gaining a plurality of 195,404 votes (8.52 percentage points).
Obama/Allies  |  McCain/Allies Nader

General Election -- Tuesday, November 2, 2004
Voting Eligible Population*: 3,717,055.
VEP Highest Office Turnout Rate: 54.1%.

Early voting began Sept. 30, 2004.

Early ballots requested: 938,409.
Early ballots returned: 839,714.
Early ballots counted: 830,455...this is 40.75% of the 2,038,069 ballots cast.

Registration: Rep. 1,055,252 (39.92%),  Dem. 914,264 (34.59%),  Lib. 18,261 (0.69%),  Other 655,554 (24.80%)  ...Total 2,643,331.
Official Results  >


Kerry/Edwards (Dem.)
893,524
(44.40)
Badnarik/Campagna (Lib.) 
11,856
(0.59)
+Bush/Cheney (Rep.)
1,104,294
(54.87)
w/in Cobb/LaMarche 138  - 
w/in Nader/Camejo 2,773
(0.14)
Total........2,012,585

Ballots cast: 2,038,069.
2004 Overview
Although Arizona was classified as a battleground state, Bush more than doubled his plurality, winning by 210,770 votes (10.47 percentage points).  480,569 more votes were cast in the presidential race in 2004 than in 2000, a 31.4% increase.  As in 2000 Bush carried 11 counties including the largest, Maricopa County, while the Democratic ticket won in four counties (Apache and Coconino in the North and Pima and Santa Cruz in the South) (results by county).
General Election Details
Kerry/Allies  |  Bush-Cheney '04

General Election -- Tuesday, November 7, 2000
Voting Eligible Population*: 3,357,701.
VEP Highest Office Turnout Rate: 45.6%.

Arizona had the third lowest turnout as a percentage of voting eligible population after Hawaii and Nevada.


Early ballots requested: 643,987.
Early ballots counted: 578,215...this is 37.08% of the 1,559,520 ballots cast.


Registration: Rep. 942,078 (43.35%)   Dem. 830,904 (38.24%)   Lib. 12,576 (0.58%)   Grn. 3,807 (0.18%)  NLP 101 (0.00%)   Reform 1,588 (0.07%)   Other 382,068 (16.66%)  ...Total 2,173,122.
Official Results >


Gore/Lieberman (Dem.)
685,341
(44.73)
Nader/LaDuke (Grn.)
45,645
(2.98)
Smith/Suprynowicz (Lib.)
5,775
(0.38)
Hagelin/Goldhaber (NLP)
1,120
(0.07)
Buchanan/Foster (Ref.)
12,373
(0.81)
+Bush/Cheney (Rep.)
781,652
(51.02)
Phillips/Frazier (Write-in)
110
(0.01)
Total........1,532,016

Ballots cast 1,559,520.


2000 Overview
In the 1992 and 1996 presidential elections, Arizona ended up as one of the closest states; Bush won by about 30,000 votes or less than 3% in 1992 and Clinton won by about 30,000 votes or less than 3% in 1996.  This time around the state went a bit more solidly back into the Republican column as Gov. Bush won with a plurality of 96,311 votes (6.29 percentage points).  Libertarian Harry Browne was kept off the ballot in the state where he achieved his strongest 1996 showing because of a conflict that split the state party into two factions.  In addition to candidate races, Arizona voters faced 14 propositions on the Nov. 7 ballot. 
General Election Activity

1992 and 1996 General Elections

1992
Bush (Rep.)..........572,086
(38.47)
Clinton (Dem.)......543,050
(36.52)
Perot (Ind.)...........353,741
(23.79)
Others (4+w/in)......18,098
(1.22)
Total........1,486,975

1996
Clinton (Dem.)......653,288
(46.52)
Dole (Rep.)...........622,073
(44.29)
Perot (Ref.)..........112,072
(7.98)
Browne (Lib.).........14,358
(1.02)
Write-ins.................2,614
(0.19)
Total........1,404,405
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