July 2, 2020  REACTIONS  |  last month's report

Bureau of Labor Statistics reports the unemployment rate in June decreased to 11.1%

Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
2010 9.8 9.8 9.9 9.9 9.6 9.4 9.4 9.5 9.5 9.4 9.8 9.3
2011 9.1 9.0 9.0 9.1 9.0 9.1 9.0 9.0 9.0 8.8 8.6 8.5
2012 8.3 8.3 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.2 8.1 7.8 7.8 7.7 7.9
2013 8.0 7.7 7.5 7.6 7.5 7.5 7.3 7.2 7.2 7.2 6.9 6.7
2014 6.6 6.7 6.7 6.2 6.3 6.1 6.2 6.1 5.9 5.7 5.8 5.6
2015 5.7 5.5 5.4 5.4 5.6 5.3 5.2 5.1 5.0 5.0 5.1 5.0
2016 4.9 4.9 5.0 5.0 4.8 4.9 4.8 4.9 5.0 4.9 4.7 4.7
2017 4.7 4.6 4.4 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.4 4.2 4.1 4.2 4.1
2018 4.1 4.1 4.0 4.0 3.8 4.0 3.8 3.8 3.7 3.8 3.7 3.9
2019 4.0 3.8 3.8 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.5
2020 3.6 3.5 4.4 14.7
Chart: Reprinted from U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics https://data.bls.gov/timeseries/LNS14000000

Thursday, July 2, 2020


Total nonfarm payroll employment rose by 4.8 million in June, and the unemployment rate declined to 11.1 percent, the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics reported today. These improvements in the labor market reflected the continued resumption of economic activity that had been curtailed in March and April due to the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic and efforts to contain it. In June, employment in leisure and hospitality rose sharply. Notable job gains also occurred in retail trade, education and health services, other  services, manufacturing, and professional and business services.

This news release presents statistics from two monthly surveys. The household survey measures labor force status, including unemployment, by demographic characteristics.  The establishment survey measures nonfarm employment, hours, and earnings by industry. For more information about the concepts and statistical methodology used in these two surveys, see the Technical Note.

Household Survey Data

The unemployment rate declined by 2.2 percentage points to 11.1 percent in June, and the number of unemployed persons fell by 3.2 million to 17.8 million. Although unemployment fell in May and June, the jobless rate and the number of unemployed are up by 7.6 percentage points and 12.0 million, respectively, since February. (See table A-1. For more information about how the household survey and its measures were affected by the coronavirus pandemic, see the box note at the end of the news release.)

Among the major worker groups, the unemployment rates declined in June for adult men  (10.2 percent), adult women (11.2 percent), teenagers (23.2 percent), Whites (10.1  percent), Blacks (15.4 percent), and Hispanics (14.5 percent). The jobless rate for  Asians (13.8 percent) changed little over the month. (See tables A-1, A-2, and A-3.)

The number of unemployed persons who were on temporary layoff decreased by 4.8 million in June to 10.6 million, following a decline of 2.7 million in May. The number of permanent job losers continued to rise, increasing by 588,000 to 2.9 million in June.  The number of unemployed reentrants to the labor force rose by 711,000 to 2.4 million. (Reentrants are persons who previously worked but were not in the labor force prior to beginning their job search.) (See table A-11.)

The number of unemployed persons who were jobless less than 5 weeks declined by 1.0 million to 2.8 million in June. Unemployed persons who were jobless 5 to 14 weeks  numbered 11.5 million, down by 3.3 million over the month, and accounted for 65.2  percent of the unemployed. By contrast, the number of persons jobless 15 to 26 weeks  and the long-term unemployed (those jobless for 27 weeks or more) saw over-the-month  increases (+825,000 to 1.9 million and +227,000 to 1.4 million, respectively). (See  table A-12.)

The labor force participation rate increased by 0.7 percentage point in June to 61.5 percent, but is 1.9 percentage points below its February level. Total employment, as measured by the household survey, rose by 4.9 million to 142.2 million in June. The  employment-population ratio, at 54.6 percent, rose by 1.8 percentage points over the month but is 6.5 percentage points lower than in February. (See table A-1.)

In June, the number of persons who usually work full time increased by 2.4 million to 118.9 million, and the number who usually work part time also rose by 2.4 million to 23.2 million. (See table A-9.)

The number of persons employed part time for economic reasons declined by 1.6 million to 9.1 million in June but is still more than double its February level. These individuals, who would have preferred full-time employment, were working part time because their hours had been reduced or they were unable to find full-time jobs. This group includes persons who usually work full time and persons who usually work part  time. (See table A-8.)

The number of persons not in the labor force who currently want a job, at 8.2 million, declined by 767,000 in June but remained 3.2 million higher than in February. These  individuals were not counted as unemployed because they were not actively looking for work during the last 4 weeks or were unavailable to take a job. (See table A-1.)

Persons marginally attached to the labor force--a subset of persons not in the labor force who currently want a job--numbered 2.5 million in June, little different from the prior month. These individuals were not in the labor force, wanted and were available  for work, and had looked for a job sometime in the prior 12 months but had not looked for work in the 4 weeks preceding the survey. Discouraged workers, a subset of the  marginally attached who believed that no jobs were available for them, numbered 681,000 in June, essentially unchanged from the previous month. (See Summary table A.)

Establishment Survey Data

Total nonfarm payroll employment increased by 4.8 million in June, following an increase of 2.7 million in May. These gains reflect a partial resumption of economic activity that had been curtailed due to the coronavirus pandemic in April and March, when  employment fell by a total of 22.2 million in the 2 months combined. In June, nonfarm employment was 14.7 million, or 9.6 percent, lower than its February level. Employment  in leisure and hospitality rose sharply in June. Notable job gains also occurred in  retail trade, education and health services, other services, manufacturing, and professional and business services. Employment continued to decline in mining. (See  table B-1. For more information about how the establishment survey and its measures were affected by the coronavirus pandemic, see the box note at the end of the news

In June, employment in leisure and hospitality increased by 2.1 million, accounting for about two-fifths of the gain in total nonfarm employment. Over the month,  employment in food services and drinking places rose by 1.5 million, following a gain of the same magnitude in May. Despite these gains, employment in food services and drinking places is down by 3.1 million since February. Employment also rose in June in amusements, gambling, and recreation (+353,000) and in the accommodation industry  (+239,000).

In June, employment in retail trade rose by 740,000, after a gain of 372,000 in May and losses totaling 2.4 million in March and April combined. On net, employment in the industry is 1.3 million lower than in February. In June, notable job gains occurred in clothing and clothing accessories stores (+202,000), general merchandise stores  (+108,000), furniture and home furnishings stores (+84,000), and motor vehicle and  parts dealers (+84,000).

Employment increased by 568,000 in education and health services in June but is 1.8  million below February's level. Health care employment increased by 358,000 over the month, with gains in offices of dentists (+190,000), offices of physicians (+80,000), and offices of other health practitioners (+48,000). Elsewhere in health care, job  losses continued in nursing care facilities (-18,000). Employment increased in the  social assistance industry (+117,000), reflecting gains in child day care services  (+80,000) and in individual and family services (+28,000). Employment in private  education rose by 93,000 over the month.

Employment increased in the other services industry in June (+357,000), with about  three-fourths of the increase occurring in personal and laundry services (+264,000).  Since February, employment in the other services industry is down by 752,000.

In June, manufacturing employment rose by 356,000 but is down by 757,000 since  February. June employment increases were concentrated in the durable goods component, with motor vehicles and parts (+196,000) accounting for over half of the job gain in manufacturing. Employment also increased over the month in miscellaneous durable  goods manufacturing (+26,000) and machinery (+18,000). Within the nondurable goods component, the largest job gain occurred in plastics and rubber products (+22,000).

Professional and business services added 306,000 jobs in June, but employment is 1.8 million below its February level. In June, employment rose in temporary help services (+149,000), services to buildings and dwellings (+53,000), and accounting and  bookkeeping services (+18,000). By contrast, employment declined in computer systems design and related services (-20,000).

Construction employment increased by 158,000 in June, following a gain of 453,000 in May. These gains accounted for more than half of the decline in March and April  (-1.1 million combined). Over-the-month gains occurred in specialty trade contractors (+135,000), with growth about equally split between the residential and nonresidential components. Job gains also occurred in construction of buildings (+32,000).

Transportation and warehousing added 99,000 jobs in June, following declines in the prior 2 months (-588,000 in April and May combined). In June, employment rose in  warehousing and storage (+61,000), couriers and messengers (+21,000), truck  transportation (+8,000), and support activities for transportation (+7,000).

Wholesale trade employment rose by 68,000 in June but is down by 317,000 since  February. In June, job gains occurred in the durable goods (+39,000) and nondurable  goods (+27,000) components. 

Financial activities added 32,000 jobs in June, with over half of the gain in real estate (+18,000). Since February, employment in financial activities is down by  237,000.

Government employment changed little in June (+33,000), as job gains in local  government education (+70,000) were partially offset by job losses in state government  (-25,000). Government employment is 1.5 million below its February level.

Mining continued to lose jobs in June (-10,000), with most of the decline occurring in support activities for mining (-7,000). Mining employment is down by 123,000 since a  recent peak in January 2019, although nearly three-fourths of the decline has occurred since February 2020.

In June, average hourly earnings for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls fell by 35 cents to $29.37. Average hourly earnings of private-sector production and  nonsupervisory employees decreased by 23 cents to $24.74 in June. The decreases in average hourly earnings largely reflect job gains among lower-paid workers; these  changes put downward pressure on the average hourly earnings estimates. (See tables  B-3 and B-8.)

The average workweek for all employees on private nonfarm payrolls decreased by 0.2  hour to 34.5 hours in June. In manufacturing, the workweek rose by 0.5 hour to 39.2  hours, and overtime was unchanged at 2.4 hours. The average workweek for production  and nonsupervisory employees on private nonfarm payrolls fell by 0.2 hour to 33.9  hours. The recent employment changes, especially in industries with shorter workweeks, complicate monthly comparisons of the average weekly hours estimates. (See tables B-2 and B-7.)

The change in total nonfarm payroll employment for April was revised down by 100,000, from -20.7 million to -20.8 million, and the change for May was revised up by 190,000, from +2.5 million to +2.7 million. With these revisions, employment in April and May combined was 90,000 higher than previously reported. (Monthly revisions result from  additional reports received from businesses and government agencies since the last published estimates and from the recalculation of seasonal factors.)

The Employment Situation for July is scheduled to be released on Friday, August 7, 2020, at 8:30 a.m. (ET).

 |   Coronavirus (COVID-19) Impact on June 2020 Establishment and Household Survey Data 
 | Data collection for both surveys was affected by the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic.
 | In the establishment survey, approximately one-fifth of the data is assigned to four 
 | regional data collection centers. Although these centers were closed, interviewers at
 | these centers worked remotely to collect data by telephone. Additionally, BLS        
 | encouraged businesses to report electronically. The collection rate for the          
 | establishment survey in June was 63 percent, lower than collection rates prior to the
 | pandemic. The household survey is generally collected through in-person and telephone
 | interviews, but personal interviews were not conducted for the safety of interviewers
 | and respondents. The household survey response rate, at 65 percent, was about 18     
 | percentage points lower than in months prior to the pandemic.                        
 | In the establishment survey, workers who are paid by their employer for all or any   
 | part of the pay period including the 12th of the month are counted as employed, even 
 | if they were not actually at their jobs. Workers who are temporarily or permanently  
 | absent from their jobs and are not being paid are not counted as employed, even if   
 | they are continuing to receive benefits.                        
 | In the household survey, individuals are classified as employed, unemployed, or not  
 | in the labor force based on their answers to a series of questions about their       
 | activities during the survey reference week (June 7th through June 13th). Workers who
 | indicate they were not working during the entire survey reference week and expect to 
 | be recalled to their jobs should be classified as unemployed on temporary layoff. In 
 | June, a large number of persons were classified as unemployed on temporary layoff.   
 | As was the case in March, April, and May, household survey interviewers were         
 | instructed to classify employed persons absent from work due to temporary,           
 | coronavirus-related business closures as unemployed on temporary layoff. BLS and     
 | Census Bureau analyses of the underlying data suggest that this group still included 
 | some workers affected by the pandemic who should have been classified as unemployed  
 | on temporary layoff.                                 
 | The degree of misclassification declined considerably in June. BLS and Census Bureau 
 | staff have been reviewing survey responses that might have been misclassified. The   
 | misclassification hinges on a question about the main reason people were absent from 
 | their jobs. If people who were absent due to temporary, pandemic-related closures    
 | were recorded as absent due to "other reasons," they could have been misclassified.  
 | When interviewers record a response of "other reason," they also add a few words     
 | describing that other reason. The review of these brief descriptions found that the  
 | share of responses that may have been misclassified was much smaller in June than in 
 | prior months. BLS and the Census Bureau are continuing to investigate the            
 | misclassification and are taking additional steps to address the issue.        
 | If the workers who were recorded as employed but absent from work due to "other      
 | reasons" (over and above the number absent for other reasons in a typical June) had  
 | been classified as unemployed on temporary layoff, the overall unemployment rate     
 | would have been about 1 percentage point higher than reported (on a not seasonally   
 | adjusted basis). However, this represents the upper bound of our estimate of         
 | misclassification and probably overstates the size of the misclassification error.   
 | According to usual practice, the data from the household survey are accepted as      
 | recorded. To maintain data integrity, no ad hoc actions are taken to reclassify      
 | survey responses.                                    
 | More information is available at                             
 | www.bls.gov/cps/employment-situation-covid19-faq-june-2020.pdf. 


The White House
July 2, 2020

Remarks by President Trump on the Jobs Numbers Report

James S. Brady Press Briefing Room

9:36 A.M. EDT
     THE PRESIDENT:  Well, thank you very much, everybody.  Appreciate it.  This is mostly an economic conference, and we have Steve Mnuchin with us, Larry Kudlow.
I’d like to just announce the spectacular news for American workers and American families and for our country as a whole.  There’s not been anything like this — record setting.  It was just put out that the United States economy added almost 5 million jobs in the month of June, shattering all expectations.

I was watching this morning, and the expectations were much lower than that.  The stock market is doing extremely well, which means, to me, jobs.  That’s what it means: jobs.  This is the largest monthly jobs gain in the history of our country.  The unemployment rate fell by more than 2 percentage points down to just about 11 percent.  We’re down to the 11 percent number.  We started at a number very much higher than that.  As you know, we broke the record last month, and we broke it again this month in an even bigger way.

This news comes on top of May’s extraordinary jobs report, which was revised upwards, by the way, to 2.7 million jobs; it was 2.5.  That was last month, and that was a record setter, but it actually got a little bit better.  We revised it, and it was revised upward to 2.7 million jobs for a combined total of 7.5 million jobs created in the last two months.  And that’s a record by many millions of jobs.  So it’s 7.5 million jobs created in the last two months alone.

Today’s announcement proves that our economy is roaring back.  It’s coming back extremely strong.  We have some areas where we’re putting out the flames or the fires, and that’s working out well.  We’re working very closely with governors, and I think it’s working out very well.  I think you’ll see that shortly.

In June, we added 2.1 million leisure and hospitality jobs; 740,000 retail jobs; 568,000 education and healthcare jobs; 357,000 service jobs — these are all historic numbers — and 356,000 manufacturing jobs.  And manufacturing looks like it’s ready to really take off at a level that it’s never been before.  And a lot of that has to do with our trade policy, because we’re bringing manufacturing back to our country.  And these take a long time to get — to get going, and they’re now going.

So these are historic numbers.  I’m really happy when I see 356,000 manufacturing jobs, and that’s just a small number compared to what it will be soon because of our great trade deals.

African American workers — really happily for me — made historic gains with 404,000 jobs added last month alone, and that’s a record.  And the second largest jump will be last month — and what we have, if you add the two months together, it’s 700,000 jobs for African American workers added in the last two months.  And that’s a record by a lot.

Likewise, Hispanic employment is up by 1.5 million jobs, a record by a lot.  Hispanic employment up 1.5 million jobs.

Three million more women were employed in the month of June, a record.  Never had a number like that.

Workers with a high school education or less made the biggest strides of all.  So people that have just a high school education, or have less than a high school education — with unemployment, those without a high school diploma dropped a full 3.3 percentage points; that’s the largest drop in recorded history.

Eighty percent of small businesses are now open.  Eighty percent.  And we think we’re going to have some very good numbers in the coming months because others are opening.  And especially as we put the flame out — getting rid of the flame; it’s happening.

New business applications have doubled since late March.  That’s a number that is not even thinkable to achieve this early into a pandemic.  The latest ISM Manufacturing Report rose 10 percentage points, with new orders jumping a remarkable 25 percentage points — all a record.

Consumer confidence, which is great — that’s a great number to me because that means confidence is really good.  If you don’t have good consumer confidence — it’s like life: If you don’t have confidence, you’re not going to do very well.  Consumer confidence has risen 12 points since April.  And six-month job expectations hit the all-time — an all-time high.

So think of that for a second: With all we go through, with all of the trials and tribulations that we read about every night — much of it totally fake news, fortunately.  And if the consumer didn’t get it, you wouldn’t have good consumer confidence.  We have — consumer confidence has risen 12 points since April, an all-time high.  Think of that.

Retail sales surged an astonished — astonishing 18 percent.  So retail sales went up an astonishing 18 percent in May.  That’s the largest increase in the history of our country.  That’s a tremendous number, 18 percent.  The number of — and what it means to me is jobs.

The number of unemployed Americans reentering the labor force rose by 43 percent, and fewer workers are dropping out of the labor force than before.

And the crisis is being handled.  You know, if you look — we were talking this morning — something to think about — China was way early and they’re getting under control just now.  And Europe was way early, and they’re getting under control.  We followed them, with this terrible China virus, and we are likewise getting under control.

Some areas that were very hard-hit are now doing very well.  Some were doing very well, and we thought they may be gone and they flare up, and we’re putting out the fires.  But other places were long before us, and they’re now — it’s like life; it’s got a life.  And we’re putting out that life, because that’s a bad life that we’re talking about.

But all of this suggests that workers are confident about fighting a new job.

The stock market is soaring with the best gains in over 20 years.  In the second quarter, the Dow Jones increased 18 percent.  This is in a quarter — 18.  These are not numbers that people have heard about.  It’s the best in 33 years.  The S&P 500 increased by almost 20 percent, the best since 1998 for the quarter.  And NASDAQ increased over 30 percent, the best since 1999.

And we had a 50-month — if you look over a long period of time, a phenomenal number.  But if you look since the election, we’ve gone up — the Dow went up close to 45 percent.  The S&P 500 went up 47 percent, and NASDAQ composite went up — getting close to 100 percent.  So these are numbers that are not numbers that other presidents would have.  And they won’t have it.  The only thing they can kill it is a bad president or a president that wants to raise taxes.

You want to raise taxes?  This whole thing — your 401(k)s will drop down to nothing, and your stock market will drop down to nothing.  This is not just luck, what’s happening; this is a lot of talent.

All of this incredible news is the result of historic actions my administration has taken working with our partners in Congress to rescue the U.S. economy from a horrible event that was formed, took place in China, and came here.  And they could have stopped it.  They could have stopped it.  Nobody likes to write that, but they could have stopped it.  They know it, and I know it.

Through the Paycheck Protection Program, we’ve extended over $520 billion in loans to nearly 5 million small businesses, saving and supporting the jobs of tens of millions of American workers.  This has been a tremendous success; levels that nobody has ever seen before.  But we saved all of those — all of those jobs and all of those small businesses.  And some will be large businesses soon, perhaps.

We also rushed urgently needed relief to millions and millions of hardworking taxpayers.  They got that directly, and we’re working on a phase four.  We’re working with Congress.  That work has started.  Steve Mnuchin can give you a little briefing.  We’re talking about payroll tax cuts, we’re talking about more money being infused.  And it comes back to us.  It comes back.  It’s all coming back.  It’s coming back faster, bigger, and better than we ever thought possible.  These are the numbers.  These are not numbers made up by me; these are numbers.

We’ve implemented an aggressive strategy to vanquish and kill the virus, and protect Americans at the highest risk, while allowing those at lower risk to return safely to work.  That’s what’s happening.

Our health experts continue to address the temporary hotspots in certain cities and counties.  And we’re working very hard on that.  We’re — the relationship with the governors is very good.  We made a call — Mike Pence made a call just yesterday and said, “What do you need?”  Not one governor needed anything.  They don’t need anything.  They have all the medical equipment they can have.  Thank you, U.S. government.

They have all of the ventilators they have — you know, we’re giving many ventilators and selling, in some cases, and giving when needed.  But we’re — we’re the ventilator king.  We’re now producing thousands of ventilators — thousands of ventilators a week.

And we’re helping other countries.  And other countries are desperately in need of ventilators, because this is now at 189 countries.  That changes all the time, that number.  Our last count is 189 countries, and many of them don’t have money and they — almost all of them don’t have a capacity to build a ventilator, which is hard to build — very complex, very expensive.  Very big, in many cases.  We’ve done an incredible job.  So we have assembly lines building ventilators, and we’re building thousands a week.

All of these people are working with governors and local officials to restore best practices, and that’s what we’ve done.  That includes face coverings, social distancing, testing, and personal hygiene.  Wash your hands.

State officials will decide how rapidly to open their economies.  That’s largely up to them.  If we see something that’s egregious, we’ve gotten involved with a couple of them where we thought it was unfair.  We’d like to see churches opened quickly.  And some of them just don’t want to do that.  In New York, we got a great ruling from a judge — thank you, Judge — that they can open.

If these best practices are implemented, then the hotspots can be calmed quickly.  And we understand this horrible disease right now.  We didn’t understand the disease at all.  We did the right thing.  We closed it up.  We would have lost millions of lives.  We’ve done a historic thing.  We would have lost millions of lives.  And now we’re opening it up, and it’s opening up far faster than anybody thought even possible, and more successfully.

And as I said, you’re going to have a fantastic third quarter.  It’ll be a third quarter, the likes of which nobody has ever seen before, in my opinion.  And the good thing is the numbers will be coming out just prior to the election, so people will be able to see those numbers.  The fourth quarter, likewise, will be extremely good.  And maybe most importantly, from the standpoint of our country itself, next year will be a historic year.  Next year is going to be an incredible year for jobs, for companies, for growth.  Things are happening like nobody would have thought possible.

I do want to comment: Boeing, as you know, is moving along in their process.  It’s been a very hard process, a very complicated progress — process, but they have made tremendous, tremendous gains.  And they’re going for approvals on the aircraft, the 737 Max.  They’re also starting to do some real business.

So I just want to congratulate Boeing.  They’ve been through so much.  I think it was probably the greatest company in the world.  I used to say it was the greatest company in the world, and then it ran through a very tough period of time.

But I just want to say that Boeing has made tremendous progress in a short period of time, and other companies I don’t even have to talk about because they’re all setting records, every one — virtually every one of our great companies are setting records.

So I want to thank everybody for being here today.  These are historic numbers in a time that a lot of people would have wilted; they would have wilted.  But we didn’t wilt, and our country didn’t wilt.  And I’m very honored to be your President.

Thank you very much.  Thank you.

SECRETARY MNUCHIN:  So let me just make some additional comments.  And, first of all, we couldn’t be more pleased with the results.  Today, again, between this month and last month, that’s about 8 million jobs, 8 million people we put back to work because of the CARES Act and working with Congress.

I think, as you know, people thought we would have 30 million people unemployed.  Fortunately, we never got to that.  So, 8 million jobs back, but our work is not done.  Our work won’t be done until every single American who lost their job because of COVID gets back to work.

And there’s no question — I want to thank the Senate and the House for working with us — there’s no question these programs are working.  I also want to thank them for extending the PPP.

As I’ve said, it’s our priority when we get to the CARES 4 bill in July, we will look to work with the House and Senate on a bipartisan basis to repurpose that money.  We have about $130 billion left.  There are going to be a number of businesses that are particularly hard hit, and we’ll be looking to give those businesses additional money.  So CARES 4 will be much more targeted for the businesses that continue to need work, but there is no question that this is working.

And we look forward to continuing this progress.  Again, I think 8 million jobs, really extraordinary.

Now, let me just make one other comment: Director Kudlow and I are not wearing masks up here because we’ve both been tested this morning.  Okay?  And that’s the only reason.  But even with that, we did social distance.  So I’m pleased to see you’re all wearing masks.

I’m going to let Director Kudlow make a few comments, and then we’ll both be happy to take questions.

MR. KUDLOW:  Thanks, Steven.  Just briefly, underscoring these high-frequency indicators, you know, it’s a difficult thing to do.  We haven’t had much experience with these pandemics.  But I will say this: The Apple mobility index is a very important index.  It’s a real — literally a real-time daily indicator, and we’re not seeing any declines.  It’s still strengthening, even, I might add, in some of the southwestern states which have difficult hotspots.

Housing demand and housing surveys are just soaring.  Automobile demand now expected for the third quarter, about 10 million-plus production units.  The trucking surveys look very, very strong.

And the Dallas Fed survey — I don’t recall if it was in the President’s notes — because it’s obviously in Texas, a bad hotspot — the Dallas Fed survey, which goes to the end of the month, has not yet shown any declines.  Now, it may; I’m not going to rule that out.

And I would say as a general matter, these job numbers, as good as they are — erasing a third to a half of those who are unemployed — there’s still a lot of hardship and a lot of heartbreak in these numbers.  I understand that.  And the economy is on its way back.  We have a ways to go.

I will, however, continue to reference the Congressional Budget Office, which is looking for a very strong third quarter and second half, and a number of private surveys and private forecasters who see the same story on the V-shaped recovery.  And with good policies and leadership, 2021 can be a big bang year, and we will be able to get back to the peak levels of 2019.  So I believe we’re well positioned.  I think we have a lot more work to do; I get that.

And as Steven mentioned, we’ll see how the policy discussions go later this month.  Thanks.

SECRETARY MNUCHIN:  Sure, go ahead.

Q    Mr. Secretary, are you concerned to see new unemployment claims rising?  We’re at 1.4 million layoffs last week, and that number is actually going up, not going down.  Are you concerned about that?

SECRETARY MNUCHIN:  Well, let me just say again — I want to just say we’re going to be concerned until every single person is back to work.

Now, when you look at these numbers, I think it’s tough enough to predict economic numbers in normal times.  In these times, you have to look at all these numbers in the entirety.  So what I would say on that is, there’s a lag on the unemployment claims.  I think you also know many of the states we set up front are completely backed up.

So, no, I would focus on — the jobs numbers are the most accurate numbers, the trend of 8 million jobs back.  But having said that, I’m concerned until we get everybody back to work.

Q    Obviously, this is good news today, no question about it, but it’s also obvious that the crisis that is surging through Sun Belt states — record number of cases nationally yesterday — threatens all of these economic gains.  Many states are throwing their re-openings into reverse.

What additional actions is the administration going to take to stop that?  Will the administration, and will the President specifically, call on Americans to wear masks?  And why don’t we have, rather than you guys celebrating good news that’s already happened — why don’t we have the Coronavirus Task Force up here giving briefings on how to get under control what is obviously not under control, as Anthony Fauci said this week?

SECRETARY MNUCHIN:  Well, let me just say, I am on the Coronavirus Task Force, so I’m happy to answer a few of those questions.

I can’t comment on the schedule of briefings.  I’m not aware of that.

The President specifically put in his speech encouraging Americans to wear masks, social distance, and hygiene.  Because he’s the President of the United States and people are not around him — close — and the people who are around are tested, I don’t think he needs to wear a mask.

But the rest —

Q    But doesn’t he want to show people?

SECRETARY MNUCHIN:  But the rest — but the rest of us, absolutely.  And the President supports wearing masks.  I was at the House this week testifying.  I’m sure you saw my picture with Chair Powell on the Wall Street Journal; I never thought we’d have a picture like that.  But, yes, we are encouraging Americans to wear masks.

Now, unlike last time, as I’ve said — and, yes, I realize the numbers of cases; we’re monitoring that carefully.  We’re monitoring the hospital capacity.  Let me just say, I’ve been briefed on where we are on vaccines and virals.  I’m very encouraged we’ll have things by the end of the year.

So, yes, we’re going to be careful.  And I wouldn’t say “reverse”; I would say the states appropriately are pausing certain things, like bars and gyms, which obviously are the more contagious types of things.  And I think the states are acting appropriately.


Q    Thank you, Mr. Secretary.

MR. KUDLOW:  Excuse me.  To Jon’s question, there is — Jon, look, Deborah Birx has been down in Arizona and Texas.  So they have take — put a team in play, and CDC is doing more of that.  And what they’re doing is working with local officials — government officials, but health officials — to really reemphasize what I call the list of best practices.  And I think that will do the trick.  And if you have to phase out — as Steven said, if you phase out bars, so be it, for a few weeks.

I think some places might’ve been over-exuberant and now have to come back and get back to these best practices of distancing and masks and testing and personal hygiene.

Q    But, Larry, the President just said a few minutes ago that we’re getting this under control.  It is obvious to anyone watching that it is not under control, and Anthony Fauci said so out loud this week.

SECRETARY MNUCHIN:  I think what — I think what Dr. Fauci said is that if people don’t take these things seriously —

MR. KUDLOW:  Yeah.

SECRETARY MNUCHIN:  — okay? — that the numbers could continue to spike.  So —

Q    They’re spiking right now.

SECRETARY MNUCHIN:  Again, what I’d say is: The numbers are up; we’re obviously watching this very carefully.  We think that there is the right balance, and we’re working with the states on the health issues and the economic issues.

We’ll go to the next question.

Q    So, Mr. Secretary, there is a record number of new infections every day.  Does the White House regret encouraging states to open as quickly as it did?  And do you think some of that is backfiring?

SECRETARY MNUCHIN:  No, absolutely not.  I think we’ve had a very careful plan — again, working with the states.  This is primarily the state’s responsibility, but working with the states.

And again, I think there’s plenty of places we can get people back to work safely.  I can tell you, in the Treasury, we’re going to take more people back.  We are social distancing.  We’re checking people’s temperature at times.

There is a safe way to reopen the economy, and we’re going to do that carefully.


Q    So what lesson are you taking from what’s happening?

Q    Mr. Secretary, a lot of Americans are worried about what’s going to happen with schools in the fall for kids.  And there’s a real economic argument that, without schools, a lot of the workforce can’t actually truly return to work.  What is the administration doing about this?  How are you working on it?  Are there strategies that you’re trying to employ?

SECRETARY MNUCHIN:  We’re working with schools and universities.  Again, I think in most cases, schools will be able to open safely.  Some schools will need to spend money.  One of the things we’ll look at in CARES 4 is if we need to give money to schools to properly equip their areas.  I think that’s something that will be high —

Q    You would support additional funds to schools?

SECRETARY MNUCHIN:  Absolutely.  We want to make sure that kids are safe and that if there is money that schools need to spend to safely have people in classrooms, social distance, spread things out, change hours — these are all the things we’re looking at.

Q    Mr. Secretary, can you assess the current need for American families in a phase four bill?  I mean, in the spring, you said that a very big number was needed.  What’s the current need?

SECRETARY MNUCHIN:  I think it’s too early to tell.  And that’s the reason why we’re — we’re waiting.  We’ve spent an unprecedented amount of money.  We have authorization of $3 trillion.  That’s an extraordinary amount of money.  A lot of that money is not in the economy yet.  We’re continuing.  That’s why we’re extending things like the PPP.

And before we go back to Congress — and I’m already having conversations with certain members of Democrats and Republicans to get ideas, but we want to see the economic numbers.  As I said earlier, people thought we were going to have 30 million people unemployed right now.  Fortunately, we’re about 15 million unemployed.  We had 5 million people unemployed before this, so we got 10 million to put back to work.

The President is committed to do what we need to do in the next bill to protect kids, protect jobs, protect liability.

Yes, in the back.

Q    Mr. Secretary, if you take a look at the President’s Twitter feed over the past few days, he tweeted a video of a supporter yelling, “white power.”  He’s been tweeting a veto threat if the — if military bases are named away from Confederate generals.  He’s been tweeting a lot about Confederate statues and not wanting them to come down.

We’re in the middle of a pandemic.  Is the President more focused on preserving or celebrating the Confederacy than getting this pandemic under control?

SECRETARY MNUCHIN:  Let me just say, I think the President is focused on everything.  I think this issue of statues and everything else is a complicated issue.

There was an op-ed in the Wall Street Journal from the Cardinal in New York about the Bible and everybody other than Mary and Jesus Christ.  I think it’s a very complicated issue.  We need to have a balanced view of history.

Q    Should the President apologize for the “white power” video?  Because he hasn’t.

SECRETARY MNUCHIN:  Again, I’m not — we’re here to talk about economics.

We’ll take one more question in the back.

Q    Mr. Secretary —

SECRETARY MNUCHIN:  In the back.  Yes.

Q    Mr. Secretary, where is the Treasury Department on sending stimulus checks to mixed-status families.  There is a lawsuit that was allowed to proceed.  Are you guys going to be doing that anytime soon, or are you going to leave it to the courts to decide whether the Treasury Department has to do it?

SECRETARY MNUCHIN:  I’m sorry, I didn’t understand the question.  What’s the question?  On stimulus checks?

Q    To mixed-status families, so parents of undoc- — of American-citizen children, people who are married to undocumented —

SECRETARY MNUCHIN:  Our position is that legal Americans, American citizens should get the payments.  That’s our focus.  If people are here illegally, they’re not going to get economic payments.  So —

Q    Even if they have —

SECRETARY MNUCHIN:  But let me just say we’re very focused on — as part of the next CARES Act, we’re going to serious consider whether we’re going to put more payments and direct payments over — it worked very well.

Thank you, everybody.

Q    How much state and local aid?  How much aid for state and local governments?

SECRETARY MNUCHIN:  We’ll consider that.  We’ll have discussions.

END         10:04 A.M. EDT

Biden for President
July 2, 2020

Remarks as Prepared for Delivery by Vice President Joe Biden on the Economic Crisis and Jobs Report

Good morning — today we learned the latest jobs numbers.
Like every American, I’m glad that millions of American workers are back on payrolls and that this historic unemployment we still face has at least come down a bit more. 

This is a good day for every one of those individuals and families who regained their security. 

But as happy as I was for millions of workers returning to their jobs — there is one number I was stunned that the president didn’t mention even once at his press conference.

That number was 50,000.

Yesterday, the number of new COVID-19 cases in America topped 50,000 in a single day. We’ve never hit that number before in the course of this virus. In 45 states, the 7-day average of infections are higher than they were a week ago. 
In some places, hospital ICUs are at or nearing capacity. And we are seeing all across the country spikes in the virus that are causing many states to impose new restrictions again.

To me, and to many Americans, this is a very worrisome turn in the path and severity of the virus. And the president didn’t even address it. 

Yesterday he reiterated his belief that the virus was going to disappear. 

Today he described what was happening as “fires” flaring up in the country. That’s just not an honest assessment of what is happening. And it’s not just me saying that — the rest of the world knows it too. 

Just this week, 27 European countries have banned Americans from traveling there because of the surging numbers of COVID-19 in the U.S. and until this president faces what’s going on in our country, our economy will remain at risk. 

Today’s report is positive news, and I’m thankful for it.

But make no mistake: we are still in a deep, deep jobs hole because Donald Trump has so badly bungled the response to the coronavirus, and now has basically given up responding at all. 

Millions more Americans would still have their jobs today if Donald Trump had done his job. And many of the jobs that have now come back  should never have been lost in the first place. 

And for everyone whose job hasn’t come back – for everyone who doesn’t own stock, or who can’t get a sweetheart loan through connections – does this feel like victory? 

For parents who are worried their kids can’t go back to school in the Fall, do you feel like this is “mission accomplished”? 

And for people in states where COVID-19 is spiking, and we’re seeing record-high numbers of infections — do you feel like this crisis is under control?

Of course not. People are scared. They’re worried about their families and for the future.

But, just like last month, President Trump has spiked the ball and made this about him.
He doesn’t seem to realize he’s not even to the 50-yard line.

Only one-third of the jobs that were lost in March and April have now come back — and most of the jobs that returned were for people on temporary furlough. 

That means these were the easiest jobs to get back as we re-open cities and states. 

It’s only going to get harder from here. 

Permanent job loss numbers actually went up by 588,000 — to almost 3 million. 

President Trump touted the job gains for African American workers. But unemployment for black men actually rose — from 15.5 percent in May to 16.3 percent in June. 

He touted the numbers for Latino unemployment — but those numbers are still more than three times higher than they were before this crisis started. 

And let’s not lose sight of a critical point. Treport measures job gains as of June 12. 

In the days since, we’ve seen cases spiking, some businesses have to close down again, some states reimposing restrictions. 

And, in the last two weeks, we’ve seen almost 3 million new unemployment filings, and another 1.7 million people seek special pandemic unemployment insurance.

There’s no victory to be celebrated when we’re still down nearly 15 million jobs and the pandemic is getting worse, not better.

Millions of Americans who are still out of work, wondering when or if their job will come back, and worried about how to pay the bills in the meantime.

Trump wants to declare this health crisis over and unemployment solved. He’s deadly wrong — on both fronts. 
We’re already at more than 128,000 dead — and that number keeps climbing.
That’s a direct consequence of Donald Trump’s bungled leadership and total mismanagement of this crisis from the start.
His failure to take quick action made this pandemic more costly for the American people in every way — in lives lost, in economic impact, in the emotional toll of living with so much doubt and uncertainty.
And now — as I said on Tuesday — he’s surrendered to this virus.
Other countries have figured out how to get the virus under control, re-open their economies, and put their people back to work.
Other leaders didn’t waste the time they were given from stay at home orders — they got to work solving the root cause of this crisis — the coronavirus.
Donald Trump’s just given up. He’s not even trying to secure our public health anymore. He’d rather get back to his campaign rallies.
He’s not interested in uniting us to fight our common threat. He’s decided he has more to gain by dividing this country for his own political purposes.
Without a uniform plan, and guidance from the federal government that state and local leaders can use to inform their re-opening plans, this is going to continue to be worse than it would otherwise be. Recovery will be slower. Unemployment will stay higher than it should be.
Has he even once expressed real empathy for the families who will never again be whole because of this virus?
Has he done anything real to prioritize support for working Americans who need help now?
Democrats in Congress have put forward legislation to reward and protect our brave frontline workers, help working families find child care, and extend the supplemental unemployment benefits for people for the duration of the economic crisis.
Meanwhile Republicans and President Trump are stalling on support for working families, even as they dole out tax-payer money to big corporations with zero accountability.
Has Donald Trump even acknowledged the disproportionate impact this disease is having on Black and Brown and Native communities — much less done anything to address these health disparities or the underlying systemic racism that shapes them?
Of course not.
That would require him to step up and lead. It would require him to put the American people ahead of his own interests.
It didn’t have to be like this.
America has more reported deaths and infections than anywhere else in the world. Our health care workers are still rationing personal protective equipment. We still don’t have sufficient testing to allow people to return to work with confidence.

President Trump has turned wearing a mask into a political statement.
And just yesterday, he was once more claiming that the coronavirus would “just disappear, I hope.”
It’s like deja vu all over again.
We’re months into this crisis and that’s still your best answer?
Quit hoping for the best, Mr. President. 

Quit claiming victory with almost 15 million Americans still out of work because of this crisis. 

Quit ignoring the reality of this pandemic and the horrifying loss of American life. 

Act. Lead. Or get out of the way so others can.


Democratic National Committee
July 2, 2020

DNC on Latest Black Male Unemployment Rate

DNC Senior Advisor Antjuan Seawright and DNC National Press Secretary Brandon Gassaway released the following statement on the Black male unemployment rate rising from 15.5% to 16.3% in June:
“In the Trump economy, Black men have largely been left out and left behind. Today’s numbers are staggering, but what is even more astounding is that this White House continues to pat itself on the back while millions of families fret under the uncertainty of what tomorrow may bring. This pandemic has been an anchor on Black communities throughout the country that were already struggling to sail. It has taken a disproportionate toll on our health, our jobs, and our lives—but our cries have fallen on the deaf ears of this administration.
Instead of protecting and expanding our access to health care the Trump administration has gone to court to strip it away. Instead of helping to stabilize this economic storm they have left the Heroes Act on the shelf. Instead of working to stop the spread of this lethal virus they have traversed the country doing pep rallies and turned wearing masks into a political issue.
This president and his administration have proven to be no friend to Black men and their families. We need leadership that solves problems rather than exacerbates them, who chooses partnership over partisanship, and puts the health and security of Americans over his own political ambition. We need to turn the page on recklessness and incompetence. We need Joe Biden.”

Republican National Committee Research Briefing
July 3, 2020

Reminder: Democrats Are Rooting Against You

Democrats Are So Desperate To Unseat President Trump That The Thought Of Millions Of Americans Going Back To Work Has Sent Them Into A Panic


While President Trump is working to revive the nation’s economy, Democrats are fretting that an explosive recovery could “boost his chance at reelection.
A former Obama White House official who is still close to the former president said the level of concern among top party officials is “high, high, high, high.”
Politico: The realization that President Trump is poised to benefit from the dramatic recovery “has many Democrats spooked.”
Unfortunately for Democrats, President Trump’s economy has proved resilient, adding 4.8 million jobs in June; a number “far better” than economists predicted.
The Wall Street Journal: “Signs of the U.S. economy’s revival have bolstered optimism among some investors that the damage caused by the coronavirus pandemic could be quickly erased.”
Presumptive Democrat nominee Joe Biden responded to 4.8 million Americans returning to work by saying “there is no victory to be celebrated,” downplaying the impact of the economic rebound.
Democrats made it clear that they prioritize politics over bringing relief to Americans crushed by the economic fallout from the coronavirus, even blocking critical aid for small businesses to “use the leverage” to push their priorities.
Democrat leadership explained that blocking additional funding for the Paycheck Protection Program, widely credited with the economic turnaround, was an “opportunity ” to push for unrelated priorities.
Democrats blocked a police reform bill authored by Republican Senator Tim Scott, “stalling efforts to change law enforcement practices .”
The Senate GOP Plan incorporated a number of Democratic proposals, including legislation to make lynching a federal hate crime and a comprehensive review of the U.S. criminal justice system.
The bill also withholds federal grants to state and local law enforcement agencies that do not proactively bar the practice of chokeholds and report the use of  “no knock warrants.”
Republicans repeatedly noted that Democrats could amend the bill on the Senate floor, and GOP Senators privately offered amendment votes meant to address several criticisms brought forward by Democrats.
Scott even promised Democrats that if they did not get votes on amendments they sought, that he would help them filibuster his own bill.
The gridlock reflects the realities of “election-year politics” even as a support for police reform measures has soared in the weeks following the death of George Floyd.
Democrats have been accused of blocking the bill to “avoid giving the president a police reform bill he can sign or a victory he can tout.”