VIRGINIA 13 Electoral Votes 
link to clickable map
(Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Virginia State Board of Elections)
Total Resident Population, July 1, 2019 est.
Total Registration, Nov. 2020

Virginia has: 95 counties and 38 independent cities.
Largest counties: Fairfax, Prince William, Virginia Beach city, Loudon, Chesterfield, Henrico.
Largest cities: Virginia Beach, Chesapeake, Norfolk, Arlington, Richmond.

Governor: Ralph Northam (D) elected in 2017.
State Legislature: Virginia General Assembly
Local: Counties, Municipal  NACO
U.S. House: 7D, 4R - 1. R.Wittman (R) | 2. E.Luria (D) | 3. R.Scott (D) | 4. D.McEachin (D) | 5. D.Riggleman (R) | 6. B.Cline (R) | 7. A.Spanberger (D) | 8. D.Beyer (D) | 9. M.Griffith (R) | 10. J.Wexton (D) | 11. G.Connolly (D).  >
U.S. Senate: Mark Warner (D) re-elected in 2014, Tim Kaine (D) re-elected in 2018.
U.S. Senate: Sen. Mark Warner (D), first elected in 2008 and seeking a third term, faces retired U.S. Army colonel and professor Daniel Gade (R), frequent candidate Gail Parker (IGV) and consultant Al Mina (I).
U.S. House:
All 11 Members sought re-election.
- In VA-5
(the largest district in Virginia, stretches from DC area to the border with NC), Liberty University athletics official Bob Good (R) defeated freshman Rep. Denver Riggleman (R) at the June 13 CD5 Convention.  Good faces physician Cameron Webb (D) and radio host Mitchell Bupp (I).
Two first-term Members are expected to face competitive races:
- In VA-2 (Virginia Beach, Williamsburg and parts of Norfolk and Hampton), there is a re-match between Rep. Elaine Luria (D) and former Rep. Scott Taylor (R); also running are Dr. Katherine Pettigrew (IGV) and David Foster (I).
- In VA-7 (central VA), Rep. Abigail Spanberger (D) faces Del. Nick Freitas (R)
; also running is Peter Marchetti (IGV). 
Ballot Measures:
Virginians will vote on two constitutional amendments (+).  Amendment 1 would establish an independent redistricting commission (One Virginia 2021,+).  Amendment 2 would exempt vehicles used by disabled veterans from property taxes.

 Commonwealth of Virginia
Department of Elections

Democratic Party of VA
Republican Party of VA
Libertarian Party of VA
Green Party of VA

Constitution Party of VA

Richmond Times-Dispatch
TV, Radio

Washington Post-VA
Bearing Drift
Blue Virginia


The Old Dominion State
General Election -- Tuesday, November 8, 2016

Voter Registration Deadline: Oct. 13, 2020*
A federal judge ordered the extension of the voter registration deadline to Oct. 15 due to an internet outage on Oct. 13 (+). 

Early In Person Voting: Sept. 18-Oct. 31, 2020 (+).

Absentee Voting:
"Voters no longer need a reason to vote absentee. Any registered voter may request an absentee ballot, either in-person or by mail...  Absentee ballots returned by mail must be postmarked by Election Day, November 3, 2020 and received by the local voter registration office by noon on Friday, November 6, 2020."

Notes on Litigation and Legislation:
- In Aug. 2020 a vote-by-mail application mailing by the nonprofit Center for Voter Information went seriously awry (+).

- As a result of a lawsuit by the ACLU of Virginia a settlement was reached on Aug. 21, 2020 wherein a witness signature is not required for mail in ballots (+).

- On Aug. 18, 2020 Gov. Northam announced three proposals for the Nov. election: $2 million for pre-paid postage on absentee ballots; permitting localities to use drop boxes; and providing a process for voters to fix errors on absentee ballots (curing).  Northam signed the measures into law on Sept. 4 (+).

On the ballot
Biden/Herris (Dem.)

Trump/Pence (Rep.)

Jorgensen/Cohen (Lib.)

Ballot Access Notes (+):
Originally the requirement for independent and third party candidates was petitions with signatures of 5,000 qualified voters including at least 200 from each congressional district collected between Jan. 1 and Aug. 21, 2020 plus 13 pledged electors.  Third parties sought a waiver of this requirement; on July 16 a judge reduced the number by half to 2,500 signatures (+).  Despite the change, the Green (+) and Constitution parties failed to qualify.
Kanye West sought to run as an Independent but on Sept. 3 a Richmond Circuit Court judge ruled that he would not appear on the ballot as 11 of 13 of his electors were "obtained by improper, fraudulent and/or misleading means, or are otherwise invalid because of notarial violations and misconduct."

Overview: Virginia is a battleground state, but has tilted Democratic in recent elections; Democrats picked up three congressional seats in 2018 and won control of the General Assembly in 2019.  As in other states, the Trump campaign has an active in-person campaign while the Biden campaign has focused on virtual events (R, D).

Trump  |  Biden
[State Primary: June 23, 2020]
Presidential Preference Primary -- Tuesday, March 3, 2020

Biden 705,501 (53.31%), Sanders 306,388 (23.15%), Warren 142,546 (10.77%), Bloomberg 128,030 (9.67%)... Total 1,323,509.  details
124 Delegates: 65 District, 21 At-Large, 13 PLEO, 25 Unpledged.

The state party opted not to hold primary; delegates were selected at the state convention.

General Election Winners in Virginia, 1992-2016
1992 1996 2000 2004 2008 2012 2016
  and the details...

General Election -- Tuesday, November 8, 2016
Voting Eligible Population*: 6,061,032.
VEP Highest Office Turnout Rate: 65.7%.

Voter Registration Deadline: Oct. 17, 2016
*extended to Oct. 21 by court order following crash of Virginia's online voter registration system (+).
In-Person Absentee Voting: starts Sept. 23, 2016
...criteria >

Official Results >

+Clinton/Kaine (Dem.)
Trump/Pence (Rep.)
Johnson/Weld (Lib.)
Stein/Baraka (Grn.)
McMullin/Johnson (Ind.)
all others

Overview: Virginia was a battleground state, but Hillary Clinton's selection of Sen. Tim Kaine as her running mate seemed to tip the balance in favor of the Democratic ticket.  In June the Clinton campaign had started out with Virginia as one of eight states where it was running TV advertising, but it stopped running ads there in July.  On Oct. 10 Trump state chairman Corey Stewart was fired.  The Trump campaign nonetheless continued its efforts in Virginia, including running TV ads (+) and visits by the candidates and surrogates.
    The Clinton-Kaine ticket won with plurality of 212,030 votes (5.32 percentage points).  Clinton carried 40 counties and independent cities to 93 for Trump.  Trump won CDs 1, 2, 5, 6, 7, 9 while Clinton carried CDs 3, 4, 8, 10 and 11.
General Election Visits
Clinton  |  Trump

General Election -- Tuesday, November 6, 2012
Voting Eligible Population*: 5,555,415.
VEP Highest Office Turnout Rate: 67.0%.

Voter Registration Deadline: October 15, 2012
In-Person Absentee Voting: September 21-November 3, 2012

In person: 3,423,717
In person curbside: 15,071
Absentee: 447,907
Provisional: 10,151
Total: 3,896,846

Official Results >

+Obama/Biden (Dem.)
Romney/Ryan (Rep.)
Johnson/Gray (Ind.)
Goode/Clymer (Const.)
Stein/Honkala (Grn.) 8,627


total voted: 3,896,846
2012 Overview
Virginia was a top-tier battleground state.  Although Republicans saw encouraging signs in the outcomes of the 2009 and 2010 elections, the Obama-Biden ticket won the Commonwealth with a plurality of 149,298 votes (3.87 percentage points), carrying 35 counties and independent cities (18 and 27) to 89 (77 and 12) for Romney-Ryan.  Looking at the results by CD, Romney won in CDs 1, 4, 5, 6, 7, 9 and 10, while Obama carried 2, 3, 8 and 11.
General Election Details
Obama  |  Romney

General Election -- Tuesday, November 4, 2008
Voting Eligible Population*: 5,500,265.
VEP Highest Office Turnout Rate: 67.7%.

Last day for voter registration: Oct. 6, 2008.

Voter registration:
4,912,971 (active).

506,672 absentee ballots cast (13.5% of total vote)
Official Results >

+Obama/Biden (Dem.)
1,959,532 (52.62)
McCain/Palin (Rep.)
1,725,005 (46.33)
Nader/Gonzalez (Ind.)
Barr/Root (Lib.)
Baldwin/Castle (IndGrn)
McKinney/Clemente (Grn.)

2008 Overview
Virginia was a full-fledged battleground state.  The Obama-Biden ticket won with a plurality of 234,527 votes (6.29 percentage points), making Obama the first Democratic presidential candidate to prevail in the Commonwealth since 1964 (when LBJ won all but six states).  Obama carried 6 congressional districts to 5 for McCain. 
General Election Details
Obama/Allies  |  McCain/Allies  |  Nader

General Election -- Tuesday, November 2, 2004
Voting Eligible Population*: 5,277,156.
VEP Highest Office Turnout Rate: 60.6%.

Voting in person: 3,001,097
Voting absentee: 222,059 (6.9%)
Total voters:

Voter registration: 4,517,980.
Official Results >

+Bush/Cheney (Rep.)
1,716,959 (53.68)
Kerry/Edwards (Rep.) 1,454,742 (45.48)
Badnarik/Campagna (Lib.) 11,032 (0.34)
Peroutka/Baldwin (Const.) 10,161 (0.32)
Write Ins 5,473 (0.17)
Write Ins included 2,521 votes for individuals who filed by Oct. 23 the Joint Declaration of Intent: Brown/Herbert 23; Cobb 104; Nader 2,393; J.Spence 1.
2004 Overview
Democrats put some resources into Virginia but saw no improvement in the outcome as Bush-Cheney amassed a plurality of 262,217 votes (8.20 percentage points).  In terms of localities Bush won 102 (82 counties and 20 cities) and Kerry won 32 (13 counties and 19 cities).  Bush prevailed in nine congressional districts, while Kerry won only the 3rd and 8th CDs.
General Election Details

General Election -- Tuesday, November 7, 2000
Voting Eligible Population*5,069,265.
VEP Highest Office Turnout Rate: 54.0%.

2,789,808 total votes were cast for president -- 2,739,447 were counted.  50,361 (1.8%) were under or overvotes.

Voter registration:
3,770,273 active.
Official Results >

+Bush/Cheney (Rep.)
Gore/Lieberman (Dem.)
Browne/Olivier (Lib.)
Buchanan-Foster (Ref.)
Phillips-Frazier (Const.)
Nader-LaDuke (Grn.)

2000 Overview
A Democrat has not won Virginia in the presidential race since LBJ carried the state in 1964.  That held true in 2000 as Bush-Cheney bested Gore-Lieberman with a plurality of 220,200 votes (8.03 percentage points).  Bush won in eight of the state's congressional districts, while Gore won in three (3rd, 8th and 11th). 

Notes: For an individual other than the nominees of the Democratic and Republican parties to appear on the general election ballot as a candidate for president he or she must have submitted signatures of not less than 10,000 qualified voters in Virginia, including at least 400 qualified voters from each of Virginia's 11 congressional districts, to the State Board of Elections no later than noon August 25, 2000.

1992 and 1996 General Elections
Archive Pages: 2016 | 2012 | 2008 | 2004 | 2000 1992
Bush (Rep.)..........1,150,517 (44.96)
Clinton (Dem.).......1,038,650 (40.59)
Perot (Ind.)..............348,639
Others (3)..................20,859

Dole (Rep.)...........1,138,350 (47.10)
Clinton (Dem.).......1,091,060 (45.15)
Perot (Ref.)..............159,861
Others (3).................27,371