TEXAS 38 Electoral Votes 
link to clickable map
Population 
(Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Texas Secretary of State) 
Total Resident Population, July 1, 2019 est.           28,995,881
Registered Voters, Nov. 2020                                  >
Texas has: 254 Counties.
Largest counties (six over 1 million): Harris, Dallas, Tarrant, Bexar, Travis, Collin. 
Largest cities (three over 1 million): Houston, San Antonio, Dallas. >

Government
Governor: Greg Abbott (R) re-elected in 2018.
State Legislature: Texas Legislature - Texas House of Representatives: 150 seats  Texas Senate: 31 seats
Local: Cities, Counties, Regional Councils of Government   NACO
U.S. House: 22R, 13D, 1v - 1. L.Gohmert (R) | 2. D.Crenshaw (R) | 3. V.Taylor (R) | 4. J.Ratcliffe (R) vacant | 5. L.Gooden (R) | 6. R.Wright (R) | 7. L.Fletcher (D) | 8. K.Brady (R) | 9. A.Green (D) | 10. M.McCaul (R) | 11. M.Conaway (R) | 12. K.Granger (R) | 13. M.Thornberry (R) | 14. R.Weber (R) | 15. V.Gonzalez (D) | 16. V.Escobar (D) | 17. B. Flores (R) | 18. S.Jackson Lee (D) | 19. J.Arrington (R) | 20. J.Castro (D) | 21. C.Roy (R) | 22. P.Olson (R) | 23. W.Hurd (R) | 24. K.Marchant (R) | 25. R.Williams (R) | 26. M.Burgess (R) | 27. M.Cloud (R) | 28. H.Cuellar (D) | 29. S.Garcia (D) | 30. E.B.Johnson (D) | 31. J.Carter (R) | 32. C.Allred (D) | 33. M.Veasey (D) | 34. F.Vela (D) | 35. L.Doggett (D) | 36. B.Babin (R) >
U.S. Senate: Ted Cruz (R) re-elected in 2018, John Cornyn (R) seeking re-election in 2020. 
2020 U.S. Senate: Sen. John Cornyn (R), first elected in 2002 (sworn in Dec. 2), faces MJ Hegar (D), an Air Force veteran who was the Democratic nominee in TX-31 in 2018.  Hegar won a contentious July 14 runoff.  Also running are David Bruce Collins (G). and Kerry McKennon (L).
U.S. House:
Six Members, all Republicans, are retiring, and a seventh Rep. John Ratcliffe (R) resigned effective May 22, 2020 to take the position of director of national intelligence. 
   TX-4 (Northeast corner of the state) - Rep. John Ratcliffe (R),
first elected Nov. 2014:
State Sen. Pat Fallon (R) faces IT professional Russell Foster (D) and writer Lou Antonelli (L)
.
  
TX-11 (West Texas including Midland and Odessa) - Rep. Mike Conaway (R), first elected Nov. 2004:
Retired USAF Officer August Pfluger (R) faces attorney and former San Angelo City Councilman Jon Mark Hogg (D) and former rodeo cowboy Wacey Alpha Cody (L).
   TX-13 (
much of the Texas panhandle) - Rep. Mac Thornberrry (R), first elected Nov. 1994:
The winners of July 14 runoffs, former White House physician and one-time VA nominee Ronny Jackson (R) and Gus Trujillo (D), office manager at the Amarillo Hispanic Chamber of Commerce, face each other; also running is Jack Westbrook (L).
   TX-17 (
central Texas from Waco to Bryan-College Station) - Rep. Bill Flores (R), first elected Nov. 2010:
The winners of July 14 runoffs, former U.S. Rep. Pete Sessions (R) and '18 nominee Rick Kennedy (D), face each other; also running is Ted Brown (L), who works as an insurance adjuster.
   TX-22
(southern Houston and southwest suburbs) - Rep. Pete Olson (R), first elected Nov. 2008:
Fort Bend County Sheriff Troy Nehls (R), who won the July 14 runoff, faces Sri Preston Kulkarni (D), who was the '18 nominee, and Army veteran Joseph LeBlanc (L).
   TX-23
(San Antonio to El Paso) - Rep. Will Hurd (R), first elected Nov. 2014:
Veteran Tony Gonzales (R), who won a very close July 14 runoff, faces Gina Ortiz Jones (D), who was the '18 nominee.
   TX-24
(area between Dallas and Fort Worth) - Rep. Kenny Marchant (R), first elected Nov. 2004:
Former Irving Mayor Beth Van Duyne (R) faces school board trustee Candace Valenzuela (D), who won the July 14 runoff, IT manager Darren Hamilton (L), as well as journalist Mark Bauer (I) and attorney Steve Kuzmich (I).
Also of note:
   TX-21 (north of San Antonio and a significant portion of Austin) - Rep. Chip Roy (R) is being challenged by 2014 gubernatorial nominee Wendy Davis (D).

 State Legislature: All 150 House seats and 16 of 31 Senate seats are up. 

 State of Texas
Texas Secretary of State

TX Democratic Party
Republican Party of TX
Libertarian Party of TX
Green Party of TX
Constitution Party of TX

Dallas Morning News, p
Houston Chronicle
San Antonio Express-News, p
The Texas Tribune
Newspapers
TV, Radio

Politics1-TX
Ballotpedia-TX


The Lone Star State
General Election -- Tuesday, November 3, 2020

Voter Registration Deadline
:
Oct. 5, 2020.
.
Early Voting: Oct. 13-30, 2020*.


Early Voting
On July 27, 2020 Gov. Greg Abbott signed a proclamation extending the early voting period from Oct. 19-30 to Oct 13-30.  Conservatives unsuccessfully challenged the governor's action as exceeding his authority. (+


Vote by Mail
Texas does have among the most restrictive laws governing vote by mail,
requiring in-person voting except in a few narrow  circumstances. The Texas Democratic Party litigated to ease these restrictions in view of the pandemic, while Attorney General Ken Paxton and Texas Republicans have fought to ensure the law is followed to the letter. (1, 2).

On Oct. 1, 2020 Gov. Abbott, citing ballot security, issued a proclamation limiting in-person return of mail ballots to one location per county.  The ACLU of Texas described the move as "yet another thinly disguised attempt to stymie the vote" and the Texas Democratic Party described it as a "blatant voter suppression tactic."  LULAC filed a lawsuit.  On Oct. 9 U.S. District Judge Robert Pittman ruled in their favor.  On Oct. 12 the U.S. Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals upheld Abbott's policy saying it "effectively gives voters forty extra days to hand-deliver a marked mail-in ballot to an early voting clerk. And the voter still has the traditional option she has always had for casting a mail-in ballot: mailing it." (+)
 

Election Law Calendar

 

On the ballot
   PDF
 
Trump/Pence (Rep.)


Biden/Harris (Dem.)


Jorgensen/Cohen (Lib.)


Hawkins/Walker (Grn.)










Ballot Access
: The Libertarian Party and the Green Party are the only minor parties in Texas that have ballot access.  "Independent candidates for President file an application with the Secretary of State. The application must be submitted with a petition, and both documents must be filed no later than May 11, 2020. The petition can be circulated beginning after March 3, 2020. For 2020, the petition must contain 89,693 signatures of registered voters who did not vote in the presidential primary of either party."  There is also the write-in route (+).
Overview: There was debate among Democrats about how much of an effort to make in Texas.
  
In 2016 the Clinton campaign designated Texas as an "expansion state."  Although Clinton lost by
807,179 votes (8.99 percentage points), Trump's share of the vote and margin was smaller than Romney's in 2012 or McCain's in 2008.  In 2018, then Rep. Beto O'Rourke's challenge of Sen. Ted Cruz (R) generated a lot of energy and enthusiasm.  O'Rourke fell short, but not by much (+), and Democrats achieved gains in congressional, legislative and local races. 
   In June 2020 Joe Biden told the Texas Democratic Convention that Texas is "an important battleground state for our campaign (+)."  However, Mark McKinnon, the political advisor and TV producer who has decades of experience in the Lone Star State, had cautionary words for Democrats. "Texas is a very conservative state," he said.  "Donít get distracted by the big, shiny object of Texas. Donít waste valuable time and resources there. Itís big. Itís expensive. Itís a place where Democratsí dreams have been dashed for decades." 
   In early August the Biden campaign announced its first Texas staff
, in September it added more staff, and
by October, as Trump's fortunes continued to falter, the campaign made a $6.2 million investment in advertising.
   The large number of open U.S. House seats and the U.S. Senate race may help to boost turnout, and control of the state legislature will be critical for redistricting following the 2020 Census. 
  
Texas Republicans still have a solid base of support (1, 2), but Democrats are well organized (+) and Democratic aligned groups are weighing in as well (+).

Trump  |  Biden

 

See:
Alex Samuels and Patrick Svitek.  "Biden campaign to spend $6 million on Texas campaign ads, more than any Democratic presidential nominee in decades."  The Texas Tribune, Oct. 6, 2020.

Christopher Hooks.  "If Texas is a Battleground, Biden and Trump Aren't Acting Like It."  Texas Monthly, Aug. 31, 2020.

Joseph Ax.  "As Trump falters, Democrats and Biden eye an elusive prize: Texas."  Reuters, Aug. 10, 2020.

Mark McKinnon. "Democrats' Blue Texas Fever Dream May Finally Come True." Vanity Fair, June 10, 2020.

Runoff - July 14, 2020.
 Presidential Preference Primary -- Tuesday, March 3, 2020
Democrats
Biden 725,562 (34.64%), Sanders 626,339 (29.91%), Bloomberg 300,608 (14.35%), Warren 239,237 (11.42%)...  Total 2,094,428.  details

260 Delegates: 149 District, 49 At-Large, 30 PLEO, 32 Unpledged.


Republicans
Trump 1,898,664 (94.13%), Uncomm. 71,803 (3.56%)...  Total 2,017,167. 

General Election Winners in Texas, 1992-2016
1992 1996 2000 2004 2008 2012 2016
Bush
40.56%
Dole
48.75%
Bush
59.30%
Bush
61.09%
McCain
55.45%
Romney
57.16%
Trump
52.23%
  and the details...

General Election -- Tuesday, November 8, 2016
Voting Eligible Population*: 17,396,296.
VEP Highest Office Turnout Rate: 51.6%.


Voter Registration Deadline: Oct. 11, 2016.
Early Voting: Oct. 24-Nov. 4, 2016.




Official Results >

 
Trump/Pence (Rep.)
4,685,047
(52.23)
Clinton/Kaine (Dem.)
3,877,868
(43.24)
Johnson/Weld (Lib.)
283,492
(3.16)
Stein/Baraka (Grn.)
71,558
(0.80)
McMullin/Johnson (w/in)
42,366
(0.47)
Castle/Bradley (w/in)
4,261
(0.05)
more w/ins (11)
4,634
(0.05)
Total........8,969,226


Overview: Texas last voted for the Democratic candidate for president in 1976 (Jimmy Carter), and the last time a Democrat was elected statewide in Texas was in 1994.
   
However, Democrats saw signs that something might be afoot.  Along with several other states, the Clinton campaign designated Texas an "expansion state."  On Sept. 7 the Dallas Morning News endorsed Clinton, its first endorsement of a Democrat for president since before World War II.  National Democrats opened several offices, starting with one in Houston on Sept. 10.  The Clinton campaign even ran a very modest one-week ad buy totalling around $100,000, first reported Oct. 17.  In addition Hillary Clinton herself had  long ties to the state; she came here for several months in 1972 to register black and Hispanic voters in South Texas for the DNC during the McGovern presidential campaign.  
   In terms of visits by the candidates, Texas  mostly served as a fundraising stop.
    Texas is a minority-majority state.  According to the Pew Research Center (>), the state has a Hispanic population of about 10.4 million, accounting for 39% of the total population, the third highest share of any state.  4.8 million of these people are eligible to vote, or 28% of the total eligible to vote. 
   Implementation of Texas' tough voter ID law continued to be fraught with problems.  A report by ProPublica, co-published with The Texas Tribune, found "the stateís efforts to enact and enforce the strictest voter ID law in the nation were so plagued by delays, revisions, court interventions and inadequate education that the casting of ballots was inevitably troubled (>)."
  The Trump-Pence ticket prevailed with a plurality of 807,179 votes (8.99 percentage points), carrying 227 counties to 27 for Clinton-Kaine.  Trump did not end up winning all 38 electoral votes, however, as one Texas elector backed Kasich and another backed Ron Paul.
General Election Visits
Clinton  |  Trump
BALLOT [PDF]
 
General Election -- Tuesday, November 6, 2012
Voting Eligible Population*: 16,100,196.
VEP Highest Office Turnout Rate: 49.7%.


Voter Registration Deadline: October 9, 2012.
Early Voting: October 22-November 2, 2012.




Official Results >

 
+Romney/Ryan (Rep.)
4,569,843
(57.16)
Obama/Biden (Dem.)
3,308,124
(41.38)
Johnson/Gray (Lib.)
88,580
(1.10)
Stein/Honkala (Grn.)
24,657
(0.30)
w/ins (7)
2,647
(0.33)
Total........7,993,851


2012 Overview
Texas, which last voted for the Democrat Jimmy Carter in 1976, remained solidly in the Republican column.  The Romney/Ryan ticket garnered a plurality of 1,261,719 votes (15.78 percentage points).  The state did not see much of the presidential campaign other than as a stop for fundraising; according to the FEC (>) during the primaries and general election presidential candidates raised a total of over $82 million from Texas contributors, including $39.7 for Romney and $24.2 million for Obama.  Texas is a minority-majority state; according to the 2010 Census the population was 45.3% white, 37.6% Hispanic, 11.8% black and 4.1% Asian.  The U.S. Department of Justice blocked a voter ID law, and the matter went to court on July 9, 2012.
General Elction Visits
Obama  | 
Romney
BALLOT [PDF]

General Election -- Tuesday, November 4, 2008
Voting Eligible Population*: 14,780,857.
VEP Highest Office Turnout Rate: 54.7%.

According to the unofficial tabulation 5.35 million people (about 66.5%) voted early.


                           Official Results >


+McCain/Palin (Rep.) 4,479,328
(55.45)
Obama/Biden (Dem.) 3,528,633 (43.68)
Barr/Root (Lib.)
56,116 (0.69)
Baldwin/Castle (w/in)
5,708
(0.07)
Hill/Bailey (w/in)
216
 -
Allen/Stath (w/in)
104
 -
Keyes/Sprouse, Jr. (w/in)
895
(0.01)
Nader/Gonzalez (w/in)
5,751
(0.07)
McKinney/Clemente (w/in)
909
(0.01)
Moore/Alexander (w/in)
135
-
Total........8,077,795

2008 Overview
The major candidates made a few visits to Texas, almost all of which were for fundraising. McCain-Palin caried the state with a plurality of 950,795 votes (11.77 percentage points).
Obama/Allies  |  McCain/Allies  |  Nader Barr

General Election -- Tuesday, November 2, 2004
Voting Eligible Population*: 13,796,256.
VEP Highest Office Turnout Rate: 53.7%.


According to the unofficial tabulation a bit fewer than 3.8 million people (over 51% of voters) voted early. 
Official Results

+Bush/Cheney (Rep.)
4,526,917
(61.09)
Kerry/Edwards (Dem.)
2,832,704
(38.22)
Badnarik/Campagna (Lib.) 38,787 (0.52)
Peroutka/Baldwin (w/in) 1,636
(0.02)
Brown/Herbert (w/in)
111
Cobb/LaMarche (w/in)
1,014
 (0.01)
Nader/Camejo (w/in)
9,159
(0.12)
more write ins (3)
437
 - 
Total........7,410,765
 

more write-ins: Kennedy/Rezac 126; Allen/Senegals 92; Falk/Peterman 219

Total Number of Voters: 7,482,947 
23,246 provisional ballots

2004 Overview
Bush won his home state with a plurality of 1,694,213 votes (22.87 percentage points), carrying 236 of the 254 counties.
General Election Details
Kerry/Allies  |  Bush-Cheney '04

General Election -- Tuesday, November 7, 2000
Voting Eligible Population*: 13,033,081.
VEP Highest Office Turnout Rate: 49.2%.


Early voting in person: Oct. 23-Nov. 3, 2000.

According to the unofficial tabulation more than 2.4 million people (over 38% of voters) voted early.

+Bush/Cheney (Rep.)
3,799,639
(59.30)
Gore/Lieberman (Dem.)
 2,433,746
(37.98)
Browne/Olivier (Lib.)
23,160
(0.36)
Nader/LaDuke (Grn.)
137,994
(2.15)
Buchanan/Foster (Ind.)
12,394
(0.19)
Phillips/Frazier (w/in)
567
(0.01)
McReynolds/Hollis (w/in)
74
 - 
Wright/Foster (w/in)
63
Total........6,407,637

2000 Overview
Gov. Bush won handily in his home state, gaining a plurality of 1,365,893 votes (21.32 percentage points) and carrying 230 of 254 counties.

General Election Activity

1992 and 1996 General Elections
Archive Pages: 2016 | 2012 | 2008 | 2004 | 2000  1992
Bush (Rep.).........2,496,071 (40.56)
Clinton (Dem.).....2,281,815 (37.08)
Perot (Ind.)..........1,354,781
 (22.01)
Others (1+w/ins)...... 21,351
(0.35)
Total........6,154,018

1996
Dole (Rep.)..........2,736,167 (48.75)
Clinton (Dem.).....2,459,683 (43.83)
Perot (Ind.).............378,537
 (6.74)
Others (3+w/ins).......37,259
(0.66)
Total........5,611,644