MONTANA 3 Electoral Votes 
link to clickable map
Population 
(Source: U.S. Census Bureau, MT Secretary of State)
Total Resident Population, July 1, 2019                        1,068,778
Total Registration, Nov. 2020                                              
Montana has: 56 counties,126 incorporated cities and towns.
Largest counties: Yellowstone, Missoula, Gallatin, Flathead, Cascade.
Largest cities: Billings, Missoula, Great Falls. 

Government
Governor: Steve Bullock (D) term limited in 2020.
State Legislature: Montana Legislature   House: 100 seats  Senate: 50 seats
Local: Counties, Cities and Towns, Native American   NACO
U.S. House: 1R - Greg Gianforte (R)
U.S. Senate: Steve Daines (R) seeking re-election in 2020, Jon Tester (D) re-elected in 2018. 
2020
Governor: Gov. Steve Bullock (D) is term-limited.  Seeking to succeed him areLt. Gov. Mike Cooney (D)/House Minority Leader Casey Schreiner; U.S. Rep. Greg Gianforte (R)/attorney Kristen Juras; Lyman Bishop (L)/John Nesper; and Robert Barb (G)/Joshua Thomas.  Gianforte, the richest member of the House, ran for governor in 2016 and lost to Bullock by 50.25% to 46.36% (+).
U.S. Senate:
In a high-profile nationally targeted race Sen. Steve Daines (R), seeking a second term, faces outgoing Gov. Steve Bullock (D), Wendie Fredrickson (G)* and Susan Good Geise (L). 
*Fredrickson is a faux Green.  In March 2020 news outlets reported the Montana GOP had spent $100,000 on signature gathering to  qualify the Green Party for the ballot.  Then in the June 2 primary campaign, Go Green Montana PAC, a super PAC with Republican ties, supported Fredrickson.  In a May 11 fb post GPMT stated
"this is a conservative backed paged with absolutely no affiliation with the Montana Green Party, nor has the featured candidate chosen to reach out to us."
U.S. House: Gianforte, first elected in a May 2017 special election, is running for Governor.  Seeking to succeed him are Matt Rosendale (R), the 2018 nominee for U.S. Senate against Sen. Tester, former state Rep. Kathleen Williams (D), who was also the 2018 nominee, and John Gibney (G)*.  Gibney is not supported by the Green Party.
State Legislature: All 100 House seats and 25 of 50 Senate seats are up. 
Ballot Measures: 
Voters will decide five ballot measures. >  Constitutional amendments C-46 and C-47 address signature requirements for constitutional amendments and initiatives. Constitutional Initiative No. 118 would allow the legislature or the people by initiative to set the legal age for marijuana use.  Legislative referendum LR-130 would revise concealed carry laws.  Initiative No. 190 would legalize marijuana and establish a tax.  118 and 190 are paired measures (New Approach Montana  |  Wrong fro Montana).

 Montana Online
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MT Libertarian Party
Green Party of MT
Constitution Party of MT

Billings Gazette
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Montana Free Press
Big Sky Political Analysis
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Politics1-MT
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Big Sky Country
General Election -- Tuesday, November 3, 2020
Close of regular registration - Oct. 5, 2020
Beginning of late registration -
Oct. 6, 2020
"Late registration can only be done at the county election administratorís office or the location designated by the election administrator."


On Aug. 6, 2020 Gov. Bullock signed a directive
allowing counties to expand voting by mail and early voting.  Republicans filed a lawsuit on Sept. 2 arguing the "rushed and unconstitutional directive...invites fraud, manipulation and administrative chaos" and charging Bullock had exceeded his authority.  True the Vote filed a simlar lawsuit on Sept. 2.  A U.S. district judge ruled against the RNC on Sept. 30, but True the Vote has sought to take the matter to the U.S. Supreme Court. (+). 
On the ballot
  PDF
 
Biden/Harris (Dem.)


Jorgensen/Cohen (Lib.)


Trump/Pence (Rep.)






Ballot Access - Independent or minor party candidates for president or vice president must submit a petition with signatures of 5,000 electors which must be certified to the secretary of state no later than 76 days before the general election.  MCA 13-10-504.
Overview: Competitive races for U.S. Senate, U.S. House and governor should result in high turnout.  Montana's three electoral votes look likely to end up in the Republican column; in 2016  Trump-Pence won with a plurality of 101,531 votes (20.41 percentage points). +


Presidential Preference Primary -- Tuesday, June 2, 2020
Registered Voters: 696,261.   Votes Cast: 382,050...   Turnout: 54.87%.
The presidential preference primary was held the same day as the state primary.
Democrats
Biden 111,706 (74%), Sanders 22,033 (15%), Warren 11,984 (8%), No Pref. 4,245 (3%), Total 149,968.

25 Delegates: 13 District, 4 At-Large, 2 PLEO, 6 Unpledged.


Republicans
Trump 200,174 (94%), No Pref. 13,135 (6%),Total 213,309.


General Election Winners in Montana, 1992-2016
1992 1996 2000 2004 2008 2012 2016
Clinton
37.63%
Dole
44.11%
Bush
58.44%
Bush
59.07%
McCain
49.53%
Romney
55.36%
Trump
56.16%
  and the details...

General Election -- Tuesday, November 8, 2016
Voting Eligible Population*: 804,381.
VEP Highest Office Turnout Rate: 61.8%.


Regular Registration Deadline
: Oct. 11, 2016.
Late Registration: Begins Oct. 12, 2016.
Official Results 1, 2

 
De la Fuente/Steinberg (AmD.)
1,570
(0.32)
Clinton/Kaine (Dem.)
177,709
(35.75)
Stein/Baraka (Grn.)
7,970
(1.60)
Johnson/Weld (Lib.)
28,037
(5.64)
+Trump/Pence (Rep.)
279,240
(56.16)
McMullin (w/in)
2,297
(0.46)
more w/ins
324
(0.07)
Total........497,137

Turnout 516,901
Overview: The Republican ticket has carried Montana since Bill Clinton won in 1992, although Barack Obama made it close in 2008 with an intense effort.  Trump-Pence won with a plurality of 101,531 votes (20.41 percentage points), carrying 50 counties to six for Clinton-Kaine (Big Horn, Deer Lodge, Gallatin, Glacier, Missoula, and Silver Bow).  None of the presidential candidates, major or minor, visited Montana in the Fall.
Clinton  |  (Trump)
BALLOT [PDF]

General Election -- Tuesday, November 6, 2012
Voting Eligible Population*: 773,147.
VEP Highest Office Turnout Rate: 62.6%.


Absentees sent: 
314,329
Absentees rec'd: 289,920 (92.23%)
Total Votes: 491,966
Absentees received as a percentage of total  votes 58.93%.
Official Results >

 
Obama/Biden (Dem.)
201,839
(41.71)
Johnson/Gray (Lib).
14,165
(2.93)
+Romney/Ryan (Rep.)
267,928
(55.36)
Total........483,932

total votes cast 491,966
2012 Overview
The Romney/Ryan ticket won with a plurality of 66,089 votes (13.65 percentage points), carrying 48 counties to eight for Obama/Biden (Big Horn, Blaine, Deer Lodge, Glacier, Hill, Missoula, Roosevelt and Silver Bow).  None of the Democratic principals visited during the fall campaign; Mitt Romney attended a fundraiser in Hamilton on July 11; Jim Gray attended a meet and greet in Corvallis on Aug. 20 and did rallies in Bozeman on Oct. 31 and Dillon and Missoula on Nov. 1.
Obama  |  (Romney)
BALLOT [PDF]

General Election -- Tuesday, November 4, 2008
Voting Eligible Population*: 741,538.
VEP Highest Office Turnout Rate: 66.3%.


Total Registration: 668,085.

                        Official Results >


Paul/Peroutka (Const.)
10,638
(2.17)
Obama/Biden (Dem.)
231,667
(47.27)
Nader/Gonzalez (Ind.)
3,686
(0.75)
Barr/Root (Lib.)
1,355
(0.28)
+McCain/Palin (Rep.)
242,763
(49.53)
Total........490,109


497,599 total votes cast.

2008 Overview
In the face of an intense effort from the Obama campaign, the McCain/Palin ticket largely ignored Montana and still won the state by a thin margin of 11,096 votes (2.26 percentage points).  McCain/Palin carried 43 counties to 13 for Obama/Biden. 
General Election Details
Obama/Allies  |  McCain/Allies  |  Nader

General Election -- Tuesday, November 2, 2004
Voting Eligible Population*: 699,114.
VEP Highest Office Turnout Rate: 64.4%.

Total Registration:  638,474.


Peroutka/Baldwin (Const.)
1,764
(0.39)
Kerry/Edwards (Dem.)
173,710
(38.57)
Cobb/LaMarche (Grn.) 996 (0.22)
Nader/Sanchirico (Ind.) 6,168
(1.37)
Badnarik/Campagna (Lib.)
1,733
(0.38)
+Bush/Cheney (Rep.)
266,063
(59.07)
Total........450,434
 




456,096 total votes cast
649 polling places ... 856 precincts
2004 Overview
The Bush-Cheney ticket won with a plurality of 93,353 votes (20.50 percentage points), carrying 51 of the 56 counties.  Kerry won in Missoula, Silver Bow, Glacier, Big Horn and Roosevelt Counties. 

In terms of campaign activity, Kerry's younger sister Diana visited the state July and mid-October.  Nader campaigned at the University of Montana in Missoula on Sept. 5 and Cobb appeared in Great Falls on Aug. 10.  First Lady Laura Bush vacationed at Glacier Park in July.  Also of note, former Montana Governor Marc Racicot chaired the Bush campaign.

General Election -- Tuesday, November 7, 2000
Voting Eligible Population*: 667,525.
VEP Highest Office Turnout Rate: 61.6%.

Total Registration: 698,260.



Browne/Olivier (Lib.)
 1,718
 (0.42)
Buchanan/Foster (Ref.)
 5,697
(1.39)
+Bush/Cheney (Rep.)
240,178
(58.44)
Gore/Lieberman (Dem.)
137,126
(33.37)
Hagelin/Goldhaber (NLP)
675
(0.16)
Nader/LaDuke (Grn.)
24,437
(5.95)
Phillips/Frazier (Const.)
1,155
 (0.28)
Forrest C. Laible (w/in)
11
Total........410,997

Total votes cast: 417,916

2000 Overview
Montana, a very close state with Perot on the ballot in 1992 and 1996, went to Bush by a wide margin in 2000.  The Bush-Cheney ticket won with a plurality of  103,052 votes (25.07 percentage points), carrying all but 4 of the state's 56 counties.  The state did see a number of closely fought races, however.  In the U.S. Senate race, incumbent Conrad Burns (R) defeated Brian Schweitzer (D) 51% to 47%.  In the U.S. House race, Dennis Rehberg (R) defeated Nancy Keenan (D) 51% to 46%.  In the governor's race, Judy Martz and Karl Ohs (R) defeated Mark O'Keefe and Carol Williams (D) 51% to 47%.

1992 and 1996 General Elections

1992
Clinton (Dem.)........154,507 (37.63)
Bush (Rep.)...........144,207 (35.12)
Perot (Ind.).............107,225  (26.11)
Others (2+2 w/ins).....4,672
(1.14)
Total........410,611
1996
Dole (Rep.).............179,652 (44.11)
Clinton (Dem.)........167,992 (41.23)
Perot (Ref.)..............55,229 (13.56)
Others (2+4 w/ins)......4,458
(1.09)
Total........407,261
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