MISSOURI 10 Electoral Votes 
link to clickable map
Population 
(Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Missouri Secretary of State)
Total Resident Population, July 1, 2019 est.             6,137,428
Total Registration, Nov. 2020                                           >
Note: Missouri does not register by party.
Missouri has: 114 counties (116 local election jurisdictions counting Kansas City and St. Louis)
Largest counties: St. Louis, Jackson, St. Charles, St. Louis city, Greene, Clay and Jefferson.
Largest cities: Kansas City, St. Louis, Springfield, Independence, Columbia. 

Government
Governor: Mike Parson (R) assumed office June 1, 2018; seeking election 2020.
State Legislature: Missouri General Assembly     House 163 seats   Senate: 34 seats
Local: City and County   NACO
U.S. House: 6R, 2D - 1. L.Clay (D) | 2. A.Wagner (R) | 3. B.Luetkemeyer (R) | 4. V.Hartzler (R) | 5. E.Cleaver II (D) | 6. S.Graves (R) | 7. B.Long (R) | 8. J.Smith (R).   >
U.S. Senate: Josh Hawley (R) elected in 2018, Roy Blunt (R) re-elected in 2016.
2020
Governor: Gov. Mike Parson (R) is seeking election.  Challenging him are State Auditor Nicole Galloway (D), university lecturer Jerome Bauer (G) and Air Force veteran Rik Combs (L).
U.S. House: All eight Members are seeking re-election.
State Legislature: All 163 House seats and 18 of 34 Senate seats are up. 
Ballot Measures:
Voters will decide two constitutional amendments. >  Amendment 1 would extend the two term restriction that applies to the Governor,  Lt. Governor, Secretary of State, Treasurer, Attorney General and Auditor.  Amendment 3 would significantly change the redistricting process put in place when voters approved Amendment 1 in 2018; it would also make minor changes to ban gifts from paid lobbyists to legislators and their employees; and reduce legislative campaign contribution limits.  (yes | no). 

 State of Missouri
Secretary of State

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MO Libertarian Party
Progressive Party of MO (Grn)
Constitution Party of MO

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The "Show-Me" State
General Election -- Tuesday, November 3, 2020
Voter Registration Deadline: Oct. 7, 2020.

SOS: Voting Options  |  Summaries

Legislation
On June 4, 2020 Gov. Mike Parson signed a bill under which "a mail-in absentee ballot will only be an option for voters who specifically request one."  Further, "To prevent voter fraud and ballot harvesting, voters must also submit a notarized statement under penalty of perjury with their ballot (
+)."

On the ballot
PDF             
 
Trump/Pence (Rep.)


Biden/Harris (Dem.)


Jorgensen/Cohen (Lib.)


Hawkins/Walker (Grn.)


Blankenship/Mohr (Const.)






Overview:  Missouri's 10 electoral votes are very likely to go for Trump.


[State Primary: August 4, 2020]
Presidential Preference Primary -- Tuesday, March 3, 2020
Note: In June 2014 Gov. Jay Nixon (D) signed into law SB 892 (>), moving the presidential primary date from February to March.
Democrats
Biden 400,347 (60.10%), Sanders 230,374 (34.59%)... Total 666,112.  details

80 Delegates: 44 District, 15 At-Large, 9 PLEO and 12 Unpledged.


Republicans
Trump 301,953 (96.84%), Uncomm. 4,216 (1.35%), Weld 2,171 (0.70%), Walsh 2,015 (0.65%), Ely 844 (0.27%), Matern 594 (0.19%).  Total 311,793.
Libertarian Party primary - Jacob Hornberger with 74.80%, the rest going to uncommitted; 2,266 votes tallied.
Green Party primary - Howie Hawkins won 33.14% to 29.09% uncommitted, 21.58% for Dario Hunter and 16.19% for David Rolde; 519 votes tallied. 
Constitution Party primary - Don Blankenship won 39.05% to 38.10% uncommitted and 22.86% for Don Grundmann; 735 votes tallied.  

General Election Winners in Missouri, 1992-2016
1992 1996 2000 2004 2008 2012 2016
Clinton
44.07%
Clinton
47.54%
Bush
50.42%
Bush
53.30%
McCain
49.43%
Romney
53.76%
Trump
56.77%
  and the details...
 
General Election -- Tuesday, November 8, 2016
Voting Eligible Population*: 4,511,812.
VEP Highest Office Turnout Rate: 62.3%.

Voter Registration Deadline: Oct. 12, 2016.



Official Results >

 
Clinton/Kaine (Dem.)
1,071,068
(38.14)
+Trump/Pence (Rep.)
1,594,511
(56.77)
Johnson/Weld (Lib.)
97,359
(3.47)
Castle/Bradley (Const.)
13,092
(0.47)
Stein/Baraka (Grn.)
25,419
(0.91)
McMullin/Johnson (w/in)
7,071
(0.25)
more w/ins (4)
85
-
Total........2,808,605


Voter Turnout 2,811,549.
Overview:  Missouri saw competitive races for governor and U.S. Senate as well as a number of controversial ballot measures, but the presidential race was not close.  
  
As a prologue to the general election, recall that back in March, seven-plus months before Election Day, both the Republican and Democratic presidential primaries were extremely close. 
   
In the later part of June 2016, as in other states, the Clinton campaign good off to an early  start, bringing on a state director, while the Trump campaign appointed its state director on Aug. 22.  The Clinton campaign also boasted a Missouri connection in that VP nominee Tim Kaine grew up in the Kansas City area, graduated from the University of Missouri in 1979 (+), and his parents and younger brothers still live there. 
   Ultimately, however, the Clinton campaign did not make much of an investment in the state.  The major focus was on the down-ballot races, and there was a bit of an awkward relationship as having Clinton at the top of the ticket was not always helpful.  The Blunt for Senate re-election campaign ran TV ads linking Democratic U.S. Senate candidate Jason Kander to Clinton, charging "On every major issue Clinton and Kander agree" and "If Hillary Clinton is president, Jason Kander will be a blank check for Clinton's liberal agenda (+)."  With the perception that Clinton was likely to win, there were voters who voted for the Blunt as a check to Clinton, likely hurting Kander's candidacy.  Another factor affecting electoral dynamics was the weak state of the Missouri Democratic Party.
   Missouri was in the spotlight on Oct. 9 when Washingtion University in St. Louis hosted the second presidential debate, but candidates made few visits to the state.
 
Republicans won all statewide contests. Trump-Pence won the Missouri's 10 electoral votes with a plurality of 523,443 votes (18.63 percentage points), carrying all counties except St. Louis in the East, Jackson (Kansas City) in the West, and Boone in the center.
Clinton  |  Trump
BALLOT [PDF]
See: David Hudnall.  "The Blues: What happened to the Missouri Democratic Party?"  The Pitch, April 11, 2017.

General Election -- Tuesday, November 6, 2012
Voting Eligible Population*: 4,410,813.
VEP Highest Office Turnout Rate: 62.5%.

Voter Registration Deadline: October 10, 2012.



Official Results >

 
Obama/Biden (Dem.)
1,223,796
(44.38)
+Romney/Ryan (Rep.)
1,482,440
(53.76)
Johnson/Gray (Lib.) 43,151
(1.56)
Goode/Clymer (Const.)
7,936
(0.29)
Total........2,757,323


2012 Overview
Missouri, which was the closest state in 2008 (McCain by 3,903 votes or 0.14 percentage points) was not close in 2012.  Romney-Ryan won with a plurality of 258,644 votes (9.38 percentage points), carrying 112 counties.  Obama won Kansas City, in the West, by 105,670 (77.2%) to 29,509 (21.6%), Boone Co., in central Missouri, by 50.2% to 47.1%, and
in the East, St. Louis Co. by 297,097 (56.2%) to 224,742 (42.5%) and St. Louis City by 118,780 (82.7%) to 22,943 (16.0%).  There were a few visits: President Obama commencement address at Joplin High School (May 21); Vice President Biden fundraiser in KC (April 30), fundraiser for Sen. McCaskill in KC (July 9).  Mitt Romney NRA Convention in St. Louis (April 13), fundraiser in KC (May 10), event and fundraiser in St. Louis (June 7), unscheduled refueling stop in KC (Sept. 16); Paul Ryan fundraiser in Springfield (Aug. 23).  Jim Gray events on Nov. 4 and 5.
Obama Romney
BALLOT [PDF]
 
General Election -- Tuesday, November 4, 2008
Voting Eligible Population*: 4,296,592.
VEP Highest Office Turnout Rate: 68.1%.


Total Registration: 4,205,774.


    +                       Official Results >


+McCain-Palin (Rep.)
1,445,814
(49.43)
Obama-Biden (Dem.)
1,441,911
(49.29)
Barr/Root (Lib.)
11,386
(0.39)
Baldwin/Castle (Const.) 8,201
(0.28)
Nader/Gonzalez (Ind.)
17,813
(0.61)
McKinney/Clemente (w/in.)
80

Total........2,925,205


2008 Overview
The McCain-Palin ticket won the "Show Me" state by 3,903 votes (0.14 percentage points).  The Associated Press did not call the race until Nov. 19; it was the closest presidential race in Missouri since 1908.  Obama racked up large tallies in Kansas City (120,102 to 31,854) and St. Louis (333,123 to 221,705 in the County and 132,925 to 24,662 in St. Louis City) and carried a few other counties.  At the same time as McCain was eking out a win the presidential race, in the gubernatorial contest Democrat Jay Nixon won by more than half a million votes.
General Election Details
Obama/Allies  |  McCain/Allies  |  Nader

General Election -- Tuesday, November 2, 2004
Voting Eligible Population*: 4,180,960.
VEP Highest Office Turnout Rate: 65.3%.


Total Registration: 4,194,146
.

Last day to register: October 6, 2004.
Kerry/Edwards (Dem.)
1,259,171
(46.10)
+Bush/Cheney (Rep.)
1,455,713
(53.30)
Badnarik/Campagna (Lib.) 9,831 (0.36)
Peroutka/Baldwin (Const.) 5,355
(0.20)
Nader (write in)
1,294
(0.05)
Total........2,731,364
 




2004 Overview
Missouri has voted for the winner in every presidential election of the 20th century but one, thereby earning the sobriquet of "bellweather state."  The exception was 1956 when voters backed Adlai Stevenson.  In 2004 Missouri maintained its bellweather status as Bush more than doubled his 2000 margin, gaining a plurality of 196,542 votes (7.20 percentage points).  Kerry carried only St. Louis City and County and Kansas City.
General Election Details
Kerry/Allies  |  Bush/Cheney '04

General Election -- Tuesday, November 7, 2000
Voting Eligible Population*: 4,052,255.
VEP Highest Office Turnout Rate: 58.2%.


Total Registration: 3,860,672.




Gore/Lieberman (Dem.)
 1,111,138
 (47.08)
+Bush/Cheney (Rep.)
 1,189,924
(50.42)
Browne/Olivier (Lib.)
7,436
(0.32)
Phillips/Frazier (Const.)
1,957
(0.08)
Buchanan/Foster (Ref.)
9,818
(0.42)
Hagelin/Goldhaber(NLP)
1,104
(0.05)
Nader/LaDuke (Grn.)
38,515
 (1.63)
Total........2,359,892


2000 Overview
In 2000 the "Show Me" state was a hotly contested battleground.  Its 11 electoral votes went narrowly to Bush, as he gained a plurality of 78,786 votes (3.34 percentage points).  Gore carried 12 counties: 3 in the St. Louis area, 4 in the Kansas City area, 3 in the southeast tip, and a couple of others by thin margins.  Missouri also saw tight races for governor and U.S. Senate.  After the loss of Gov. Carnahan on Oct. 16, "Don't let the fire go out," became a rallying cry for Democrats.  Controversy arose on Election Day in the city of St. Louis, when a judge ordered polls be kept open past closing time. 
General Election Activity

1992 and 1996 General Elections

1992
Clinton (Dem.).....1,053,873
(44.07)
Bush (Rep.)...........811,159
(33.91)
Perot (Ind.)............518,741
(21.69)
Others(Marrou,w/ins).7,792
(0.33)
Total........2,391,565

Useful historical perspective can be found in:
David A. Leuthold.  1994.  Campaign Missouri 1992.  Columbia, MO: University of Missouri Press.
1996
Clinton (Dem.).....1,025,935
(47.54)
Dole (Rep.)............890,016
(41.24)
Perot (Ref.)............217,188
(10.06)
Others (3+w/ins)......24,926
(1.16)
Total........2,158,065

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