GEORGIA 16 Electoral Votes 
link to clickable map
Population 
(Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Georgia Secretary of State)
Total Population, July 1, 2019 est.
10,617,423
Total Registration (active), Nov. 3,  2020
  7,233,601 1, 2

Georgia has: 159 counties.
Largest counties (four over 600,000): Fulton, Gwinnett, DeKalb, Cobb.
Largest cities: Atlanta, Augusta-Richmond, Columbus, Savannah, Athens-Clarke Co.. 

Government
Governor: Brian Kemp (R) elected in 2018.  
State Legislature: Georgia General Assembly   House: 180 seats  Senate: 56 seats
Local: Cities, Counties   NACO
U.S. House: 9R, 4D, 1v - 1. B.Carter (R) | 2. S.Bishop (D) | 3. D.Ferguson (R) | 4. H.Johnson (D) | 5. vacant J.Lewis (D) 6. L.McBath (D) | 7. R.Woodall (R) | 8. A.Scott (R)9. D.Collins (R) | 10. J.Hice (R) | 11. B.Loudermilk (R) | 12. R.Allen (R) 13. D.Scott (D) | 14. T.Graves (R).    >
U.S. Senate: David Perdue (R) seeking re-election in 2020, Kelly Loeffler (R) appointed, seeking election in 2020.
2020

U.S. Senate: There were two Senate races, both of which went to Jan. 5, 2021 runoffs.
- Sen. David Perdue (R), first elected in 2014 and seeking a second term faced Jon Ossoff (D), an investigative journalist who was the Democratic nominee in CD-6 for the 2017 special election, as well as Shane Hazel (L).  Perdue fell just short of a majority and he and Ossoff moved on to the Jan. 5 runoff.
- Sen. Johnny Isakson (R) resigned in Dec. 2019 for health reasons.  On Dec. 4 Gov. Kemp announced the appointment of businesswoman Kelly Loeffler (R), who was sworn in on Jan. 6, 2020.  Loeffler ran in a special election (nonpartisan blanket primary or "jungle primary") on Nov. 3, 2020, and moved on to the Jan. 5 run-off against Rev. Raphael Warnock (D)
An immense amount of money and resources poured into the two runoff races as control of the U.S. Senate was at stake; if Democrats were to win both seats, which seemed unlikely, there would be a 50-50 tie in the Senate.  On Jan. 5 both Warnock and Ossoff prevailed, putting an unexpected exclamation mark on the 2020 cycle:
   Ossoff 2,269,923 (50.61%) to Perdue 2,214,979 (49.39%).
   Warnock 2,289,113 (51.04%) to Loeffler 2,195,841 (48.96%).
U.S. House: There were four open seats.  Democrats picked up one seat bringing the balance to 8R, 6D.
- CD-5 (Atlanta) Rep. John Lewis (D), first elected in Nov. 1986, died on July 17, 2020.  A special election
to fill the remainder of the term took place on Sept. 29, 2020 leading to a run-off Dec. 1 won by Kwanza Hall (D).  Georgia Democrats selected state Sen. Nikema Williams (D), who is also state party chair, to appear on the Nov. 3, ballot for the new Congress, and she won handily.
- CD-7
(northeast Atlanta metro area) Rep. Rob Woodall (R), first elected in Nov. 2010, was retiring.  The race between ER physician Rich McCormick (R) and 2018 nominee Carolyn Bordeaux (D) was rated as a "toss up," and Bordeaux emerged as the surprise winner, 51.4% to 48.6%.
- CD-9 (northeastern corner of the state) Rep. Doug Collins (R) ran for U.S. Senate in the special election challenging Loeffler.  The winners of the Aug. 11 runoffs were both veterans: firearms dealer Andrew Clyde (R) and actor Devin Pandy (D)
This is a solid Republican district, and Clyde won by a wide margin. 
- CD-14 (northwestern corner of the state) Rep. Tom Graves (R), first elected in a 2010 special election, is retiring.  On Sept. 11 he announced he would leave early, in October.  This is a solid Republican district; businesswoman Marjorie Greene (R), a QAnon believer and upset winner of the Aug. 11 runoff, won by a wide margin.  (The Democratic nominee Kevin Van Ausdal (D), who works in the financial technology industry, ended his campaign on Sept. 11).
- In addition, in CD-6 (north suburbs of Atlanta) the race between first-term U.S. Rep. Lucy McBath (D) and former U.S. Rep. Karen Handel (R) was expected to be very competitive; McBath prevailed by 54.6% to 45.4%.
Also note: “Georgia’s ballot barriers are so strict that no independent or third-party candidates have qualified for U.S. House general elections since their passage in 1943."  The Libertarian Party of Georgia filed a lawsuit in 2017.  In a Sept. 2019 ruling U.S. District Judge Leigh May ruled for the state, but on appeal the 11th Circuit Court of Appeals in a June 3, 2020 opinion vacated the ruling and remanded it back the lower court . (Martin Cowen et al. v. Georgia).
(+)
State Legislature: All 180 House seats and 56 Senate seats were up (two-year terms).   Republicans kept strong control of both chambers; the
Senate went from 35R, 21D to 34R, 22D House from 105R, 75D to 103R, 77D.
Ballot Measures: Voters approved all three statewide measures by wide margins (over 70%):  Amendment 1, authorizing dedication of fees and taxes to their intended purposes Amendment 2  on sovereign immunity and Referendum A, a tax exemption to encourage affordable housing. 

 State of Georgia
Secretary of State

GA Democratic Party
GA Republican Party
Libertarian Party of GA
GA Green Party
Constitution Party of GA

Atlanta Journal-Const.
Media (Newsp.) 2
TV, Radio

AJC Political Insider blog

Politics1-GA
Ballotpedia-GA

+
The Peach State
General Election -- Tuesday, November 3, 2020
Voter Registration Deadline: Oct. 5, 2020.

Earliest day for a registrar to mail an absentee ballot: Sept. 15, 2020.

Advanced In Person (Early) Voting: Begins Oct. 12, 2020.


Absentee
By Mail
Advanced Voting
Election Day
Trump
451,157
1,419,161
587,697
Biden
849,729
1,250,509
367,205
Jorgensen
16,057
25,209
20,638
Total
1,316,943
2,694,879
975,540

Pre-Election Litigation
Significant pre-election litigation addressed topics including signature match, curing, and ballot receipt deadline for absentee ballots.

Official Results (Post-Recount) >   

Trump/Pence (Rep.)
2,461,854
(49.26)
+Biden/Harris (Dem.)
2,473,633
(49.50)
Jorgensen/Cohen (Lib.)
62,229
(1.25)
Total........4,997,716*



Official Results (Nov. 20) > 
 

Trump/Pence (Rep.)
2,461,837
(49.25)
+Biden/Harris (Dem.)
2,474,507
(49.51)
Jorgensen/Cohen (Lib.)
62,138
(1.24)
Total........4,998,482*


Georgia does not include votes for write-in candidates in the total.  There were 16 certified write-in candidates: Barbara Bellar 10 - Don Blankenship 61 - President R19 Boddie 8 - David Byrne 6 - Brian Carroll 701 - Mark Charles 65 - Lauren Collins 11 - Kathryn Gibson 2 - Howie Hawkins 1,013 - Deborah House 1 - Shawn Howard 5 - Princess Jacob-Fambro 7 - Gloria La Riva 159 - Peter Sherrill 8 - Jade Simmons 181 - Kasey Wells 6. >

Overview:  The Republican presidential ticket has carried Georgia every election since 1996, but that changed in 2020 as the Biden-Harris ticket eked out its closest win in any state.  AP did not call Georgia for Biden until Nov. 13.  The Nov. 20 tally of votes showed Biden with a margin of 12,670 votes (0.25 percentage points) and the  Dec. 7 recount tally put the margin at 11, 779 votes (0.24 percentage points).  Trump carried 129 counties to 30 for Biden.  
   Post-election, Georgia was one of the six states Trump contested.  He and his campaign and allies such as attorneys Sidney Powell and Lin Wood challenged the result on into January.  In addition to legal maneuvering, Trump belittled his former ally Gov. Brian Kemp (R) and pressured Secretary of State Brian Raffensperger in an unbelievable Jan. 2 telephone call.  His behavior contributed to the surpising final act of the 2020 cycle—Democratic wins in both of the Jan. 5 U.S. Senate runoffs and control of the U.S. Senate.
General Election Details
Trump  |  Biden

BALLOT [PDF]

POST-ELECTION
[Aug. 11, 2020 run-off]
State and Presidential Primary: Tuesday, March 24, 2020 May 19, 2020 June 9, 2020

Democrats
Biden 922,177 (84.86%), Sanders 101,668 (9.36%)... Total 1,0826,729.  details

119 Delegates: 68 District, 23 At-Large, 14 PLEO, 14 Unpledged.

Republicans
Trump 947,352 (100%).




General Election Winners in Georgia, 1992-2016
1992 1996 2000 2004 2008 2012 2016
Clinton
43.47%
Dole
47.01%
Bush
54.68%
Bush
57.97%
McCain
52.20%
Romney
53.30%
Trump
50.77%
  and the details...

Voting Eligible Population*: 6.955,436.
VEP Highest Office Turnout Rate: 59.2%.


Voter Registration Deadline
: Oct. 11, 2016.
Advanced (In-Person) Voting Begins: Oct. 17, 2016.



Trump
Clinton
Johnson
Election Day
863,089
753,766
69,198
Abs. by Mail
102,766
98,417
6,533
Advance in Person
1,120,743
1,020,966
49,249
Provisional
2,506
4,814
326
Total
2,089,104
1,877,963
125,306

Official Results >


+Trump/Pence (Rep.)
2,089,104
(50.77)
Clinton/Kaine (Dem.)
1,877,963
(45.64)
Johnson/Weld (Lib.)
125,306
(3.05)
McMullin (w/in)
13,017
(0.32)
Stein (w/in)
7,674
(0.19)
Castle (w/in)
1,110
(0.03)
14 more w/ins
558
(0.01)
Total........4,114,732


Stephen L. Allen 5  -  Robert Buchanan 31    -  David C. Byrne 8  -   Darrell Castle 1,110  -  Loren Collins 22  -  Scott Cubbler 24  -  Claire E. Elliott 15  -  Cherunda Fox 78  -  Thomas Hoefling 70  -  Laurence Lotlikoff 34  - Mike Maturen 151  -  Evan McMullin 13,017  -  Ricky Muhammad 30  -  Michael L. Smith 53  -  Jill Stein 7,674  -  Marc Urbach 5  -  Sandra Wilson 32

total ballots cast:  4,165,405

Overview:  The Republican presidential ticket has carried Georgia every election since 1996 and that continued in 2016. 
    The Clinton campaign established a presence in the first part of Aug. 2016, the DNC announced Georgia as the first of its Victory Leaders Councils on Sept. 1 (+), the state party organized several events around early voting in mid-October (+), and Clinton ally Priorities USA Action announced its first advertising in the state on Oct. 20 (+).
However, HFA did not mention Georgia in an Oct. 17 race update (+), and there was only one visit by a Democratic candidate; Tim Kaine did a couple of fundraisers and an OTR event on Sept. 24.  The Republican ticket put more time in the state.
   Trump won with a plurality of 211,141 votes (5.13 percentage points), carrying 127 counties to 32 for Clinton.  Of note, among the counties Clinton did carry were Cobb and Gwinnett in the Atlanta area.
General Election Visits
[SOSClinton  |  Trump
BALLOT [PDF]

General Election -- Tuesday, November 6, 2012
Voting Eligible Population*: 6,682,600.
VEP Highest Office Turnout Rate: 58.4%.


Voter Registration Deadline
: October 8, 2012.
Advanced (In-Person) Voting Begins: October 15, 2012.




Official Results >


+Romney/Ryan (Rep.)
2,078,688
(53.30)
Obama/Biden (Dem.)
1,773,827
(45.48)
Johnson/Gray (Lib.)
45,324
(1.16)
w/ins (8)
2,211
(0.06)
Total........3,900,050


Rocky Anderson 154  -  David Byrne 2  -   Virgil Goode 432  -  Darrell Hykes 55  -
James Harris 21  -   Erin Kent Magee 1  -  Jill Reid  30  -   Jill Stein 1,516

Ballots Cast: 3,919,355.
2012 Overview
Georgia remained solidly in the Republican column as the Romney/Ryan ticket gained a plurality of 304,861 votes (7.82 percentage points), carrying 124 counties to 35 for Obama/Biden.  There were a few, mostly fundraising visits (+). The Peach State had additional significance as a neighbor to battleground states Florida and North Carolina.  
Obama  |  (Romney)
BALLOT [PDF]

General Election -- Tuesday, November 4, 2008
Voting Eligible Population*: 6,390,590.
VEP Highest Office Turnout Rate: 61.4%.

Early Voting Statistics
Number of ballots cast: 2,084,179
Ballots voted in person: 1,784,163
Mail-in ballots returned:    300,016

Turn out Demographics:

Female
Male
Black
452,212    268,443
White
702,287    561,792
Asia-PI
7,328    5,366
Hisp-Lt
8,880    6,522 
Native AM
171    140
Other 71,018  

Total 2,084,179

Total Registration: 5,244,232.


Official Results >


+McCain/Palin (Rep.)
2,048,744
(52.20)
Obama/Biden (Dem.)
1,844,137
(46.99)
Barr/Root (Lib.) 28,812
(0.73)
Baldwin (w/in)
1,314
(0.03)
Nader (w/in)
1,120
(0.03)
7 more w/ins
313
 -
Total........3,924,440


GA SoS certifies, GA Constitution Party press release




2008 Overview
With an African-American population of over two million, Georgia could have been a pick-up for the Democrats if everything had aligned in their favor.  The Obama campaign did make a play in the state, spending a couple hundred thousand dollars on advertising in the Spring and building an organization in the summer, before pulling back staff.  Over 750,000 Georgians registered to vote between the primary and the general election.  Visits by the principals were limited.  Obama did a couple of fundraisers in Atlanta on July 7 and a town hall in Powder Springs on July 8, and McCain did a fundraiser in Atlanta on Aug. 18.  In the closing week, the Obama campaign ran some late advertising. 
McCain won with a plurality of 204,607 votes (6.21 percentage points
), carrying 125 counties to 34 for Obama.  McCain improved upon Bush's 2004 total by 134,490 votes, while Obama bested Kerry's total by 477,988 votes.  The two candidates with Georgia roots, Barr and McKinney, did not fare particularly well; Barr obtained 28,812 votes (0.73%) while McKinney managed just 250 votes as a write-in.
Obama/Allies  |  McCain/Allies  |  Nader

General Election -- Tuesday, November 2, 2004
Voting Eligible Population*: 5,878,186.
VEP Highest Office Turnout Rate: 56.2%


Advance Voting: Any registered voter can cast a ballot in person at their county voter registration office during normal business hours on October 25-29, 2004.

Total Advance Voting: 387,596.

Total Registration: 4,248,802.
Voter Registration Deadline: October 4, 2004.
Official Results


+Bush/Cheney (Rep.)
1,914,254
(57.97)
Kerry/Edwards (Dem.)
1,366,149
(41.37)
Badnarik/Campagna (Lib.) 18,387 (0.56)
Ralph Nader (w/in) 2,231
(0.07)
Michael Peroutka (w/in)
580
(0.02)
David Cobb (w/in)
228
(0.01)
4 other w/ins
46
Total........3,301,873
 





2004 Overview
President Bush improved upon his 2000 showing winning by 548,105 votes (16.60 percentage points).  Bush carried 133 counties to 26 for Kerry.  Two of the campaigns' most prominent surrogates, retiring Sen. Zell Miller (D) for Bush and former Sen. Max Cleland (D) for Kerry, hailed from Georgia. 
General Election Details
Kerry/Allies  |  Bush-Cheney '04

General Election -- Tuesday, November 7, 2000
Voting Eligible Population*: 5,639,668.
VEP Highest Office Turnout Rate: 45.8%.

2,690,624 total ballots were cast (difference from total votes for president is 93,991 or 3.5%).

Total Registration: 3,856,676.
Official Results


+Bush/Cheney (Rep.)
1,419,720
 (54.68)
Gore/Lieberman (Dem.)
1,116,230
(42.99)
Browne/Olivier (Lib.)
36,332
(1.40)
Buchanan/Foster (Ind.)
10,926
(0.42)
Ralph Nader (w/in)
13,432
(0.51)
Howard Phillips (w/in)
140
 -
James Harris (w/in)
11
GloriaDawnStrickland(w/in)
8
Joe Schriner (w/in)
5
Total........2,596,804


Notes.  Only four candidates appeared on the presidential ballot (there were also five certified write-in candidates).  Independent candidates for president were required to submit 38,113 signatures of qualified, registered voters (one percent of the total number of voters registered and eligible to vote in Georgia in the 1996 presidential election). 
2000 Overview
In 1992 (Clinton) and again in 1996 (Dole) less than 30,000 votes separated the Republican and Democratic presidential tickets in Georgia; in 2000, however, Bush-Cheney walloped Gore-Lieberman by 313,490 votes (11.69 percentage points).  Bush carried 125 counties to Gore's 34.  Libertarian Harry Browne achieved one of his best showings in Georgia, while Ralph Nader, despite being a write-in candidate, finished ahead of Pat Buchanan.
General Election Activity



1992 and 1996 General Elections

1992
Clinton (Dem.).....1,008,966
(43.47)
Bush (Rep.)...........995,252
(42.88)
Perot (Ind.) ...........309,657
(13.34)
Others (1+w/ins).......7,250
(0.31)
Total........2,321,125
1996
Dole (Rep.)..........1,080,843
(47.01)
Clinton (Dem.).....1,053,849
(45.84)
Perot (Ref.)............146,337
(6.36)
Others (1+w/ins)......18,042
(0.78)
Total........2,299,071
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