FLORIDA 29 Electoral Votes 
link to clickable map
Population 
(Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Florida Secretary of State)
Total Resident Population, July 1, 2019 est.
21,477,737
Total Registration, Oct. 6, 2020
14,441,869 >

Dem. 5,303,254 (36.72%), Rep. 5,169,012 (35.79%), NPA 3,753,286 (25.99%), Ind. 163,406 (1.13%), Lib. 39,538, Grn. 7,335, Const. 2,492, Ref. 1,474, PSL 1,157, Eco. 915

Florida has 67 counties.

Five counties over 1 million: Miami-Dade, Broward, Palm Beach, Hillsborough, Orange.
Six cities over 200,000: Jacksonville, Miami, Tampa, St. Petersburg, Orlando, Hileah.  (Miami-Ft. Lauderdale is the largest metropolitan area). 

Government
Governor: Ron DeSantis (R) elected in 2018. 
State Legislature: Florida Legislature   House: 120 seats  Senate: 40 seats
Local: Counties, Cities   NACO
U.S. House: 14R,13D - 1. M.Gaetz (R)2. N.Dunn (R) | 3. T.Yoho (R)4. J.Rutherford (R) | 5. A.Lawson (D) | 6. M.Waltz (R) | 7. S.Murphy (D) | 8. B.Posey (R) | 9. D.Soto (D) | 10. V.Demings (D) | 11. D.Webster (R) | 12. G.Bilirakis (R) | 13. C.Crist (D) | 14. K.Castor (D) | 15. R.Spano (R) | 16. V.Buchanan (R) | 17. G.Steube (R) | 18. B.Mast (R) | 19. F.Rooney (R) | 20. A.Hastings (D) | 21. L.Frankel (D) | 22. T.Deutch (D) | 23. D.Wasserman-Schultz (D) | 24. F.Wilson (D) | 25. M.Diaz-Balart (R) | 26. D.Mucarsel-Powell (D) | 27. D.Shalala (D).   >
U.S. Senate: Rick Scott (R) elected in 2018, Marco Rubio (R) re-elected in 2016. 
2020
U.S. House: Three seats are open, two due to retirements and one where the incumbent lost in the primary:
-In FL-3
(northern FL, Gainesville area) Rep. Ted Yoho (R), first elected Nov. 2012, is retiring.  Former congressional aide Kat Cammack (R) faces businessman Adam Christensen (D).
-In FL-15 (central FL between Tampa and Orlando) freshman Rep. Ross Spano (R) lost the Aug. 18 primary.  Lakeland City Commissioner Scott Franklin (R) faces former TV news anchor Alan Cohn (D).
-In FL-19 (southwestern FL, Fort Myers/Naples area) Rep. Francis Rooney (R), first elected in Nov. 2016, is retiring.  State Rep. Byron Donalds (R) faces community development consultant Cindy Banyai (D).
-In FL-26 the race between first-term Rep. Debbie Mucarsel-Powell (D) and Miami-Dade Mayor Carlos Gimenez (R) is expected to be competitive.
State Legislature:  All seats are up
Ballot Measures: Voters will decide on six constitutional amendments.  To succeed an amendment must obtain 60% of the vote.  There are four citizen initiatives: 1. Citizenship requirement to vote in Florida elections; 2. Raise the state's minimum wage (Florida for a Fair Wage | Save Florida Jobs); 3. All voters vote in primary elections for state legislature, governor and cabinet would implement a top-two open primary system (+); 4. Voter approval of constitutional amendments (+); and two measures referred by the legislature: 5. Limitation on homestead assessments; and 6. Ad valorem tax discount for spouses of certain deceased veterans.  >

 State of Florida
Secretary of State

Republican Party of FL
FL Democratic Party
Libertarian Party of FL

Green Party of FL
Constitution Party of FL

Miami Herald
St. Petersburg Times
Media (Newsp.), 2
TV, Radio

SPT-The Buzz
Sayfie Review
Florida Politics

Politics1-FL
Ballotpedia-FL



The Sunshine State
General Election -- Tuesday, November 3, 2020

Deadline to Register: Oct. 5, 2020.

County Supervisors of Elections send Vote-by-Mail Ballots: Sept. 24-Oct.1, 2020.

Mandatory Early Voting Period: Oct. 24-31, 2020.  County Supervisors of Elections can offer more days: Oct. 19, 20, 21, 22, 23 and Nov. 1.


Notes and Litigation:
In an Apr. 7, 2020 letter, the Florida State Association of Supervisors of Elections recommended to Gov. DeSantis that counties be allowed the option of beginning Earliy Voting up to 22 days prior to the Election and that the period for sending out Vote-by-Mail ballots be extended.

On July 20, 2020 a settlement agreement was reached in a lawsuit filed by Priorities USA and others to remove hurdles in the state's vote by mail system (+).





Change in Voter Registration: Book Closing for the Aug. 18 primary and the Nov. 3 general election

July 20
Oct. 6
Change#
7/20-10/6
Dem
5,167,930
37.20%
5,303,254
36.72%
135,324
+2.6%
Rep.
4,927,507
35.47%
5,169,012
35.79%
241,505
+6.7%
NPA
3,622,236
26.08%
3,753,286
25.99%
131,050
+3.6%
Tot.
13,891,370
14,441,869
550,499
On the ballot
PDF                   

Trump/Pence (Rep.)


Biden/Harris (Dem.)


Jorgensen/Cohen (Lib.)


De La Fuente/Richardson (Ref.)


La Riva/Freeman (PSL)


Hawkins/Walker (Grn.)


Blankenship/Mohr (CPF)







Ballot Access [PDF]
Overview: Florida is shaping up to be the battleground state.  The Sunshine State has seen its share of very close contests in recent years.  The 2018 races for governor and U.S. Senate were both decided by less than half a percentage point.  In 2016 Trump won by 1.20 percentage points, in 2012 Obama won by 0.88 percentage points, and of course the 2000 election here made history. 
    A Sept. 9, 2020 report by WalletHub found Florida is the eighth most diverse state in the United States (>); there are many well established communities including Haitian Americans, Cuban Americans, and Puerto Ricans.  There are many Black and African American communities scattered around the state (>).  South Florida has a large Jewish population (>).  Florida has the second highest retirement age population of the 50 states; over 20% of the population is 65 or older (>).  In addition there are about 1.4 million ex-felons / returning citizens whose voting rights have been at stake following passage of Amendment 4 in Nov. 2018 and subsequent legislation and litigation (+).
    Florida is Trump's home state; he claims Mar-a-Lago as his legal residence for voting purposes (>).  Trump launched his campaign with a rally in Orlando on June 18, 2019.  Further signalling Florida's importance, on June 11, 2020 the RNC annnounced Jacksonville as the site of Trump's convention acceptance speech celebration; however, six weeks later, amid a spike in COVID-19 cases Trump pulled the plug on the Jacksonville component.
  Trump has also taken policy actions aimed at winning support.  At an environmental event in Jupiter on Sept. 8, Trump signed a presidential memorandum withdrawing areas from offshore oil exploration, development or production.  On Sept. 18 he announced billions in aid to Puerto Rico, which he had earlier opposed. In Sept. 20 following the death of U.S. Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg, federal judge Barbara Lagoa, a Cuban American from Hialeah, was seen as a top contender to be nominated by Trump (>).  Meanwhile, the Trump campaign has been fully engaged on the ground; on July 11 Florida Trump Victory announced its team had achieved 10 million voter contacts.     
   On the D
emocratic side, U.S. Rep. Val Demings (FL-10), a former Orlando police chief, featured in many VP speculation stories in May and June 2020.  State Democrats point to some impressive numbers, including, as of June 2020, 241 staff, nearly 20,000 volunteers.  As of July 13 they claimed a 423,379 voter vote-by-mail enrollment advantage over Republicans.  As in other states the Biden campaign has remained largely in virtual mode; Biden made his first general elected trip here on Sept. 15.  In Sept. former NYC Mayor Mike Bloomberg decided to concentrate his efforts on Florida, planning to spend $100 million to tip the state to Biden.
   
By the close of voter registration in October, Florida Republicans reported they had narrowed the voter registration gap versus Democrats to the smallest in history, less than 1-percent at 36.72% to 35.79%.   (R | D, allies)


See:
Tara Copp.  "Military absentee ballots may be critical to 2020 election: 1 in 5 went to Florida."  Miami Herald, Oct. 28, 2020.

Michael Scherer.  "Mike Bloomberg to spend at least $100 million in Florida to benefit Joe Biden."  Washington Post, Sept. 13, 2020.


Trump  |  Biden
[State Primary: August 18, 2020]

Presidential Preference Primary Election -- Tuesday, March 17, 2020
Registration: 9,929,980.  Turnout: 3,002,960.  % Turnout: 30.2%.
Democrats
Biden 1,077,375 (61.95%), Sanders 397,311 (22.84%), Bloomberg 146,544 (8.43%)... Total 1,739,214  details

250 Delegates: 143 District, 47 At-Large, 29 PLEO, 31 Unpledged.

Republicans
Trump 1,162,984 (93.79%), Weld 39,319 (3.17%) Walsh 25,464 (2.05%) De La Fuente 12,172 (0.98%).  Total 1,239,939.



General Election Winners in Florida, 1992-2016
1992 1996 2000 2004 2008 2012 2016
Bush
40.89%
Clinton
48.02%
Bush*
48.85%
Bush
52.10%
Obama
51.03%
Obama
50.01%
Trump
49.02%
  and the details...

General Election -- Tuesday, November 8, 2016
Voting Eligible Population*: 14,601,373.
VEP Highest Office Turnout Rate: 64.5%.



Voter Registration Deadline
: initially Oct. 11, 2016; following Hurricane Matthew deadline extended to Oct. 18.*
Early Voting:
Oct. 29 - Nov. 5, 2016 (tenth day before Election Day to the third day before Election Day)."
*
Each county Supervisor of Elections may at his or her own discretion offer additional days of early voting from Oct. 24.
Official Results >


+Trump/Pence (Rep.)
4,617,886
(49.02)
Clinton/Kaine (Dem.)
4,504,975
(47.82)
Johnson/Weld (Lib.)
207,043
(2.20)
Castle/Bradley (CPF)
16,475
(0.17)
Stein/Baraka (Grn.)
64,399
(0.68)
De La Fuente/Steinberg (Ref.)
9,108
(0.097)
write-ins (6)
153
-
Total........9,420,039












Overview: Florida, the last state to be called by news organizations in 2012, was again a closely fought battleground state in 2016.  Indeed in the final week of the campaign, the four principals together made more visits to Florida than to any other state (+).  Trump carried 58 counties to nine for Clinton, winning with a plurality of 112,911 votes (1.20 percentage points).
General Election Details 
Clinton  |  Trump
BALLOT [PDF]

General Election -- Tuesday, November 6, 2012
Voting Eligible Population*: 13,495,057.
VEP Highest Office Turnout Rate: 62.8%.


-More than 2.4 million early votes were cast.
-Nearly 2.4 million absentee votes were cast.


Registration:
Dem. 4,781,978 (40.07%)   Rep. 4,245,991 (35.58%)   No Pty Aff. 2,572,901 (21.56%)   Minor 333,576 (2.80%)  Total 11,934,446.

Voter Registration Deadline: Oct. 9, 2012.
Early Voting: Oct. 27-Nov. 3, 2012 (tenth day before Election Day to the Saturday before Election Day).

Official Results >


Romney/Ryan (Rep.)
4,163,447
(49.13)
+Obama/Biden (Dem.)
4,237,756
(50.01)
Stevens/Link (Obj.)
3,856
(0.05)
Johnson/Gray (Lib.)
44,726
(0.53)
Goode/Clymer (Const.)
2,607
(0.03)
Stein/Honkala (Grn.)
8,947
(0.11)
Barr/Sheehan (PFP)
8,154
(0.10)
Anderson/Rodriguez (JPF)
1,754
(0.02)
4 others with <1000 votes each*
2,887
(0.03)
Write Ins (6)
45

Total........8,474,179


*Barnett/Cross (Ref.) 820.  Alexander/Mendoza (Soc.) 799.  Lindsay/Osorio (PSL) 322.  Hoefling/Ellis (AIP) 946

Turnout: 8,538,264.
2012 Overview
Florida was again a hotly contested battleground state, and indeed was the last state to be called by news organizations.  Out of 8.47 million votes tallied in the presidential race, the Obama-Biden ticket won by a plurality of just 74,309 votes (0.88 percentage points).  Obama-Biden carried 13 counties to 54 for McCain-Palin.
General Election Details
Obama  |  Romney
BALLOT [PDF]


General Election -- Tuesday, November 4, 2008
Voting Eligible Population*: 12,426,633.
VEP Highest Office Turnout Rate: 67.5%.

According to county early voting reports compiled by the Secretary of State, 2,610,308 Floridians voted early (30.88% of turnout).

Registration:  Dem. 4,722,076 (41.98%)   Rep. 4,064,301 (36.13%)   No Pty Aff. 2,103,119 (18.70%)  Other Parties 358,138 (3.18%)  Total 11,247,634. 



Official Results >


McCain/Palin (Rep.)
4,045,624
(48.22)
+Obama/Biden (Dem.)
4,282,074
(51.03)
La Riva/Puryear (S&L)
1,516
(0.02)
Baldwin/Castle (Const.)
7,915 (0.09)
Barr/Root (Lib.)
17,218
(0.21)
McKinney/Clemente (Grn.)
2,887
(0.03)
Keyes/Rohrbough (AIP)
2,550
(0.03)
Nader/Gonzalez (Eco.)
28,124
(0.34)
6 others with <1000 votes each*
2,836
(0.03)
Total........8,390,744


*Amondson/Pletten (Pro.) 293, Stevens/Link (Obj.) 419, Harris/Kennedy (SWP) 533, Moore/Alexander (Soc.) 405, Jay/Smith (BTP) 795, Nettles/Krones (w/in) 391

Total ballots: 8,453,743.
2008 Overview
From a plurality of 380,978 votes (5.01 percentage points) for Bush-Cheney in 2004, Florida switched to the Democrats, giving the Obama-Biden ticket a plurality of 236,450 votes (3.19 percentage points).  Obama-Biden carried 15 counties to 52 for McCain-Palin.
General Election Details
Obama/Allies  |  McCain/Allies Nader

General Election -- Tuesday, November 2, 2004
Voting Eligible Population*: 11,811,921.
VEP Highest Office Turnout Rate: 64.4%.

Of 7,646,092 total votes cast:

Ballots on Election Day
4,865,283
(63.6%)
Absentee Ballots
1,352,447
(17.7%)
At Early Voting Sites
1,428,362
(18.7%)

In addition:
27,742 people cast provisional ballots
10,007 provisional ballots were counted
 
Registration:
Dem. 4,261,249 (41.37%)   Rep. 3,892,492 (37.79%)   No Pty Aff. 1,886,013 (18.31%)  Other Parties 261,536 (2.54%)  Total 10,301,290.

Registration Deadline: Oct. 4, 2004.

Early voting: Started Oct. 18, 2004.

(SoS: "The 2004 Legislature passed legislation which standardizes early voting throughout the state...all supervisors will begin conducting early voting in their main and branch offices 15 days before the election.")
Official Results

+Bush/Cheney (Rep.)
3,964,522
(52.10)
Kerry/Edwards (Dem.)
3,583,544
(47.09)
Peroutka/Baldwin (Const.) 6,626 (0.09)
Badnarik/Campagna (Lib.) 11,996
(0.16)
Cobb/LaMarche (Grn.)
3,917
(0.05)
Harris/Trowe (SWP)
2,732
(0.04)
Brown/Hebert (Soc.)
3,502
(0.05)
Nader/Camejo (Ref.)
32,971
(0.43)
Total........7,609,810
 




2004 Overview
There were no post-election dramatics this time, as Bush-Cheney won the Sunshine State with a plurality of 380,978 votes (5.01 percentage points), carrying 56 counties to 11 for Kerry.  About 1.5 million more votes were cast than in 2000.
General Election Details  |  Photos
Kerry/Allies  |  Bush/Cheney '04

General Election -- Tuesday, November 7, 2000
Voting Eligible Population*: 10,667,193.
VEP Highest Office Turnout Rate: 55.9%.

Total Registration: 8,752,717.

All told about 6.1 million people cast ballots in Florida.  According to the Florida Task Force report there were 179,855 blank or spoiled ballots; this includes uncertified results from 3 counties.  The Miami Herald, in its post-election analysis, examined 176,087 uncounted ballots: 111,261 overvotes and 64,826 undervotes, while.  USA Today examined 171,908 untabulated ballots: 111,261 overvotes and 60,647 undervotes.  The Florida Ballots Project suggests a total of around 172,000.  However, all these numbers depend on what is counted.  For example in some of the larger counties there were "trays and trays" of absentee ballots where, for example, the signatures didn't match, that didn't get counted.
Official Results


+Bush/Cheney (Rep.)
2,912,790
 (48.85)
Gore/Lieberman (Dem.)
2,912,253
(48.84)
Browne/Olivier (Lib.)
16,415
(0.28)
Nader/LaDuke (Grn.)
97,488
(1.63)
Harris/Trowe (SWP)
562
(0.00)
Hagelin/Goldhaber (NLP)
2,281
(0.04)
Buchanan/Foster (Ref.)
17,484
 (0.29)
McReynolds/Hollis (Soc.)
622
(0.00)
Phillips/Frazier (Const.)
1,371
(0.02)
Moorehead/LaRiva(WWP)
1,804
(0.03)
Chote/Lancaster (w/in)
34
McCarthy/Beifus (w/in)
6
  - 
Total........5,963,110


Overview
It took a 36-day post-election odyssey to finalize the outcome, but Gov. Bush officially won Florida by 537 votes.  The election was decided as much in the courts as at the polls (Battle for Florida), and there will always be doubts in some people's minds about who won.  Bush carried 51 counties and the federal absentee ballots, while Vice President Gore won in 16 counties.  The Democrats' base in Florida is in the southeast (Palm Beach, Broward, Miami-Dade), while Republicans fared well in rural counties. Thus in many ways the race came down to the I-4 corridor, which runs across central Florida from Tampa Bay through Orlando to Daytona Beach. 
General Election Activity

1992 and 1996 General Elections

1992
Bush (Rep.)........2,173,310
(40.89)
Clinton (Dem.).....2,072,798
(39.00)
Perot (Ind.) .........1,053,067
(19.82)
Others (1+w/ins)......15,317
(0.29)
Total........5,314,492
1996
Clinton (Dem.).....2,546,870
(48.02)
Dole (Rep.)..........2,244,536
(42.32)
Perot (Ref.)............483,870
(9.12)
Others (1+w/ins)......28,518
(0.54)
Total........5,303,794
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