ALABAMA 9 Electoral Votes 
link to clickable map
(Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Alabama Secretary of State)
Total Resident Population, July 1, 2019 est.
Total Registration, Nov. 2020 active
3,708,804 >

Alabama has: 67 counties.
Largest counties: Jefferson, Mobile, Madison, Montgomery, Shelby.
Largest cities: Birmingham, Montgomery, Mobile, Huntsville. 

Governor: Kay Ivey (R) assumed office April 2017, elected in 2018.
State Legislature: Alabama Legislature    House 105 seats, Senate 35 seats
Local: Cities, Counties   NACO
U.S. House: 6R, 1D - 1. B.Byrne (R) | 2. M.Roby (R) | 3. M.Rogers (R) | 4. R.Aderholt (R) | 5. M.Brooks (R) | 6. G.Palmer (R) | 7. T.Sewell (D).  >
U.S. Senate: Doug Jones (D) elected in Dec. 2017 special election, Richard C. Shelby (R) re-elected in 2016. 
U.S. Senate: Sen. Doug Jones (D), elected in an upset in the Dec. 12, 2017 special election, lost to Tommy Tuberville (R), who was a head football coach at four universities from 1995-2016, by 1,392,076 votes (60.10%) to 920,478 (39.74%) and 3,891 w/ins.  Tuberville defeated former U.S. Senator and Attorney General Jeff Sessions in the July 14 run-off.  This race attracted national attention as a probable Republican pick-up.
U.S. House: There were two open seats, both solidly Republican. 
In CD-2 (Southeast AL) Rep. Martha Roby (R) announced in July 2019 she would not seek re-election.  Mobile County Commissioner and businessman Jerry Carl (R) defeated retired USMC NCO and nonprofit CEO James Averhart (D) by 64.9% to 35.0%; both won the July 14 runoffs. 
In CD-1 (Southwest corner) Rep. Bradley Byrne (R) ran
in the March 3 U.S. Senate primary, finishing third; former State Rep. Barry Moore (R) won the July 14 runoff and defeated retired teacher Phyllis Harvey-Hall (D) by 65.3% to 34.6%.
State Legislature: Alabama did not hold state legislative elections in 2020.

Ballot Measures: There were six proposed constitutional amendments on the ballot (>).  The closest vote was on Amendment 2, to restructure the judicial system.  Voters approved Amendment 4, which would allow the Legislature to draft a rearranged version of the state constitution including  removing racist language and language that is repeated or no longer applies, which would then be submitted to the voters, by two-thirds of the vote.

 State of Alabama
Secretary of State

AL Democratic Party
AL Republican Party
Libertarian Party of AL
AL Green Party
Constitution Party of AL

Alabama Live
Media (Newsp.), 2
TV, Radio

Alabama Political Reporter


Heart of Dixie  

General Election -- Tuesday, November 3, 2020
The last day to register to vote or update voter registration is the 15th day prior to the election.

Photo Voter ID has been required since the June 2014 primary.

ALSOS: 2020 Election Information

Absentee Voting
"State law allows the Secretary of State to issue absentee voting guidance during declared states of emergency, allowing Secretary Merrill to encourage voters to check the box which reads as follows (in the case none of the boxes are appropriate):
'I have a physical illness or infirmity which prevents my attendance at the polls. [ID REQUIRED]'
Efforts to bring about more ambitious changes fell short.  The League of Women Voters of Alabama went to court to seek "common-sense modifications to the voting process for all Alabama elections in 2020," but the court dismissed the lawsuit in August.  State Democrats also argued for changes to voting including in-person early voting and no-excuse absentee voting (+).  A case on curbside voting went all the way to the U.S. Supreme Court (+).
On the ballot >
Biden/Harris (Dem.)
+Trump/Pence (Rep.) 1,441,170
Jorgensen/Cohen (Ind.)
w/ins 7,312


Total ballots cast: 2,329,114.
Straight Party Democrat: 596,789.
Straight Party Republican: 967,157.
Absentee ballots 305,663, or 13.1% of total ballots.

Ballot Access [PDF]

Overview: The last time Alabama voted for the Democratic presidential ticket was in 1976.  IIn 2020 Trump won by a margin of 591,546 votes (25.46 percentage points).  He obtained almost the same share of the vote as he had in 2016, just a tick less.  Biden improved by a couple of percentage points over Clinton's 2016 showing.  Fewer votes went to other candidates (1.39% compared to 3.55% in 2016).  As in 2016, the Republican ticket carried 54 of 67 counties; the Democratic ticket won a band of 12 counties running through Montgomery and across the state from East to West, plus Jefferson County (Birmingham).  A record number of voters cast absentee ballots, 13.1%, but this was still much lower than in many other states.  Days before Election Day, on Oct. 28, Hurricane Zeta hit causing considerable damage in Southwest Alabama (>).

[March 31 runoff postponed to July 14, 2020]

2020 Presidential Preference Primary -- Tuesday, March 3, 2020
Total Registered Voters: 3,576,107.  Total Ballots Cast: 1,189,069.  
Biden 286,065 (63.28%), Sanders 74,755 (16.54%), Bloomberg 52,750 (11.67%)... Total: 452,093. 

60 Delegates: 34 District, 11 At-Large, 7 PLEO, 8 Unpledged.
Trump 695,469 (96.22%), Weld 10,062 (1.52%), Uncommitted 16,378 (2.27%).  Total: 722,809.

General Election Winners in Alabama, 1992-2016
1992 1996 2000 2004 2008 2012 2016
  and the details...

General Election -- Tuesday, November 8, 2016
Voting Eligible Population*: 3,606,103.
VEP Highest Office Turnout Rate: 58.9%.

Total Registration:
3,198,703 >
Voter Registration Deadline: Oct. 24, 2016.

Ballot access note: Independent presidential candidates must file petition with signatures of 5,000 qualified electors by Aug. 18, 2016. [PDF]

Official Results >

Clinton/Kaine (Dem.)
+Trump/Pence (Rep.) 1,318,255 (62.08)
Johnson/Weld (Ind.)
Stein/Baraka (Ind.)

Overview: Donald Trump continued the trend of the previous three presidential cycles, garnering more than 60-percent of the vote, while Hillary Clinton had the worst showing in terms of share of the vote by a Democratic presidential candidate since McGovern in 1972 (+).  The Republican ticket carried 54 of 67 counties, amassing a margin of 588,708 votes (28.02 percentage points).  Neither Trump nor Pence visited in the Fall, although Donald Trump Jr. appeared at a fundraiser at The Club in Birmingham on Oct. 14 and a Trump-Pence bus made a Victory tour in the latter part of October.  Tim Kaine headlined a fundraiser in Birmingham on Sept. 9, preceded by a visit to the 16th Street Baptist Church.  Jill Stein rallied in Birmingham on Oct. 1.  The last time Alabama voted for the Democratic presidential ticket was in 1976. 
[SOS | parties]   Clinton  |  Trump

General Election -- Tuesday, November 6, 2012
Voting Eligible Population*: 3,522,336.
VEP Highest Office Turnout Rate: 58.8%.

Total Registration: 2,854,616.
Voter Registration Deadline:
Oct. 26, 2012.

Ballot access note: Independent presidential candidates must file petition with signatures of 5,000 qualified electors by Sept. 6, 2012.
Official Results > [+]

Obama/Biden (Dem.)
+Romney/Ryan (Rep.)
Goode/Clymer (Const.)
Johnson/Gray (Lib.)
Stein/Honkala (Grn.)


2012 Overview
As in the 2004 and 2008 presidential campaigns, the Republican presidential ticket won with over 60-percent of the vote.  The Republicans' plurality was 460,229 votes (22.19 percentage points) and they carried 52 of the 67 counties.  The principals made a few visits.  Michelle Obama looked into tornado recovery and did a fundraiser in Birmingham (July 18).  Republicans did three fundraisers: Mitt Romney in Birmingham (Aug. 15), Ann Romney in Mobile (June 7) and Paul Ryan in Huntsville (Oct. 26).  Although Alabama was not competitive, the Obama campaign had a state director and an office in Birminigham.  Both sides encouraged volunteers to help out in neighboring Florida. 

Obama  |  (Romney)

General Election -- Tuesday, November 4, 2008
Voting Eligible Population*: 3,398,289.
VEP Highest Office Turnout Rate: 61.8%.

Total Registration: 2,841,195 (active).
(169,443 inactive) >

Voter Registration Deadline: Oct. 24, 2008.

Official Results >

Obama/Biden (Dem.)
+McCain/Palin (Rep.)
Baldwin/Castle (Ind.)
Barr/Root (Ind.)
Nader/Gonzalez (Ind.)

2008 Overview
The McCain-Palin ticket won Alabama with a margin of 453,067 votes (21.58 percentage points), carrying 54 of the state's 67 counties.  Although the candidates bypassed Alabama in the Fall (the only principal event was Michelle Obama's appearance at a fundraiser in Mountain Brook (Birmingham) on June 23), Alabama activists helped out in neighboring Florida.  Obama campaign volunteers made calls daily and traveled to Florida and knocked on doors every weekend.  Turnout inspired by the Obama campaign contributed to Montgomery Mayor Bobby Bright's (D) narrow win in the 2nd CD.  Also of note, voter registration increased by more than 280,000 in the nine months between the presidential primary and the general election.
Obama/Allies  | McCain/Allies | Nader

General Election -- Tuesday, November 2, 2004
Voting Eligible Population*: 3,292,608.
VEP Highest Office Turnout Rate: 57.2%.

According to the Census Bureau (1), Alabama had the highest percentage of any state of people voting in person on Election Day, 96.7%.

Total Registration: 2,597,629.
Voter Registration Deadline: Oct. 22, 2004.
Official Results

Kerry/Edwards (Dem.)
+Bush/Cheney (Rep.)  1,176,394
Badnarik/Campagna (Ind.)
Nader/Pierce (Ind.) 6,701 (0.36)
Peroutka/Baldwin (Ind.) 1,994

2004 Overview
The last Democrat to win in Alabama was Jimmy Carter in 1976.  Bush-Cheney padded upon their 2000 showing and continued the Republican winning streak.  Bush-Cheney gained a margin of 482,461 votes (25.62 percentage points) over the Kerry-Edwards ticket and finished ahead in 56 of the state's 67 counties.
General Election Details
Kerry/Allies  |  Bush-Cheney '04

General Election -- Tuesday, November 7, 2000

Voting Eligible Population*: 3,241,682.
VEP Highest Office Turnout Rate: 51.6%.

Total Registration: 2,528,963.

Official Results

Gore/Lieberman (Dem.)
Browne/Olivier (Lib.)
+Bush/Cheney (Rep.)
Buchanan/Foster (Ind.)
Hagelin/Goldhaber (Ind.)
Nader/LaDuke (Ind.)
Phillips/Frazier (Ind.)

2000 Overview
Bush consistently had a comfortable lead in the polls, and there were no surprises on Election Day as the Bush-Cheney ticket won with a margin of 248,562 votes (14.91 percentage points) and finished ahead of Gore-Lieberman in 49 of the state's 67 counties.  In other races, "Ten Commandments" judge Roy Moore handily won the race for chief justice of the state Supreme Court, and voters approved Amendment 2 to remove the state's ban on interracial marriages.
General Election Activity

1992 and 1996 General Elections

Bush (Rep.)..........804,283
Clinton (Dem.)......690,080
Perot (Ind.)...........183,109
Others (5+w/ins).....10,588
Dole (Rep.)...........769,044
Clinton (Dem.)......662,165
Perot (Ind.).............92,149
Others (4+w/ins).....10,991
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