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National Endorsements

Endorsements by federal and statewide elected officials help provide credibility to a candidacy.  This page shows endorsements in the 2020 Democratic presidential primary.  Candidates often start with endorsements from officials in their home states.  See also 538's Endorsement Tracker, which is updated more frequently.   

If you see anyone missing, please email action08  at gmail

  updated Nov. 19, 2019 
NATIONAL  |  IOWA  |  NEW HAMPSHIRE  NEVADA  SOUTH CAROLINA 
  


Endorsements help provide credibility to a candidacy.  What matters is not the number of endorsers, although that can be a good indicator of a candidate's strength, but the influence the endorser has and how much, if any, effort he or she puts into supporting the candidate.


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alpha by state - column 1 is Governors, 2 is Senators, 3 is Congressmen; other statewide elected officials listed below
BIDEN






+
Gov. Ned Lamont (CT)
Gov. John Carney (DE)
Gov. Andrew Cuomo (NY)
07/02/19
04/25/19

04/23/19
>
Sen. Doug Jones (AL)
Sen. Dianne Feinstein (CA)
Sen. Chris Coons (DE)
Sen. Tom Carper (DE)
Sen. Bob Casey (PA)

Feinstein reported by the Washington Examiner on May 8, 2019 (>), official announcement on Oct. 8, 2019
04/25/19
05/08/19
04/25/19
04/25/19
04/25/19

Rep. Lou Correa (CA-46)
Rep. Lisa Blunt Rochester (DE)
Rep. Al Lawson (FL-5)
Rep. Charlie Crist (FL-13)
Rep. Cedric Richmond (LA-2)
Rep. Stephen Lynch (MA-8)
Rep. Emanuel Cleaver (MO-5)
Rep. Thomas Suozzi (NY-3)
Rep. G.K. Butterfield (NC-1)
Rep. Kurt Schrader (OR-5)
Rep. Tim Ryan (OH-13)
Rep. Dwight Evans (PA-2)
Rep. Brendan Boyle (PA-3)
Rep. Matt Cartwrighht (PA-8)
Rep. Vicente González (TX-15)
Rep. E.Bernice Johnson (TX-30)
Rep. Marc Veasey (TX-33)
Rep. Filemon Vela (TX-34)
Rep. Don McEachin (VA-4)
08/22/19
04/25/19
05/30/19
09/19/19
04/25/19
04/23/19
09/19/19
04/25/19
09/19/19
11/19/19
11/13/19
04/25/19
04/25/19
04/25/19
09/15/19
07/22/19
11/07/19
05/15/19
05/06/19
+




>
More Statewide Officials - DE: Attorney General Kathy Jennings 04/25/19


BOOKER







New Jersey
Gov. Phil Murphy (NJ)

02/01/19


Sen. Bob Menendez (NJ)

02/01/19


Rep. Donald Norcross (NJ-1)
Rep. Jeff Van Drew (NJ-2)
Rep. Andy Kim (NJ-3)
Rep. Josh Gottheimer (NJ-5)
Rep. Frank Pallone (NJ-6)
Rep. Tom Malinowski (NJ-7)
Rep. Albo Sires (NJ-8)
Rep. Bill Pascrell, Jr. (NJ-9)
Rep. Donald Payne Jr. (NJ-10)
Rep. Mikie Sherrill (NJ-11)
Rep. Bonnie Watson Coleman (NJ-12)

02/01/19

More Statewide Officials - NJ: Lt. Gov. Sheila Oliver 02/21/19



BULLOCK

Sen. Jon Tester (MT)
06/09/19
+


More Statewide Officials - IA: Attorney General Tom Miller 05/16/19



BUTTIGIEG













Rep. Don Beyer (VA-8)
04/24/19
+


CASTRO













Texas
Rep. Vicente González (TX-15)
Rep. Joaquin Castro (TX-20)
Rep. Colin Allred (TX-32)

03/11/19
from beg.
02/19/19

+



DELANEY













Rep. Juan Vargas (CA-51)
Rep. David Trone (MD-6)
02/27/19
?
>



GILLIBRAND













Rep. Carolyn Maloney (NY-12) 03/17/19 >



HARRIS







Calif.
Gov. Gavin Newsom (CA)


02/15/19





Rep. Ruben Gallego (AZ-7)
Rep. Barbara Lee (CA-13)
Rep. Jim Costa (CA-16)
Rep. Katie Hill (CA-25)  resigned
Rep. Julia Brownley (CA-26)
Rep. Ted Lieu (CA-33)
Rep. Nanette Barrigan (CA-44)
Rep. Jahana Hayes (CT-5)
Rep. Alcee Hastings (FL-20)
Rep. Frederica Wilson (FL-24)
Rep. Bobby Rush (IL-1)
Rep. Danny Davis (IL-7)
Rep. Brenda Lawrence (MI-14)
Rep. Lacy Clay (MO-1)
Rep. Marcia Fudge (OH-11)
Rep. Al Green (TX-9)

09/12/19
02/14/19

06/17/19
01/29/19

02/28/19
01/28/19

01/29/19
07/03/19
06/21/19
07/01/19
07/01/19
07/29/19
08/01/19
06/25/19
08/15/19
06/20/19

+

>

>
>
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
More Statewide Officials - CA: Lt. Gov. Eleni Kounalakis, Secretary of State Alex Padilla, State Treasurer Fiona Ma, Sup. of Public Instruction Tony Thurmond, Insurance Commissioner Ricardo Lara 02/26/19.  DC: Attorney General Karl Racine 03/07/19



INSLEE













Rep. Rick Larsen (WA-2) 03/01/19 >
More Statewide Officials - WA: Attorney General Bob Ferguson 03/01/19 >



KLOBUCHAR






+
Gov. Tim Walz (MN) 02/10/19
Sen. Tina Smith (MN) 02/10/19
Rep. Angie Craig (MN-2)
Rep. Dean Phillips (MN-3)
Rep. Bettty McCollum (MN-4)
Rep. Collin Peterson (MN-7)
02/10/19
02/10/19
10/10/19
10/10/19
>
>
More Statewide Officials - MN: Lt. Gov. Peggy Flanagan 02/10/19 State Auditor Julie Blaha



O'ROURKE













Rep. Salud Carbajal (CA-24)
Rep. Stephanie Murphy (FL-7)
Rep. Kathleen Rice (NY-4)
Rep. Sean Patrick Maloney(NY18)
Rep. Veronica Escobar (TX-16)
06/25/19
03/14/19

03/14/19
03/14/19
03/14/19
+


 
SANDERS










Sen. Pat Leahy (VT)
02/19/19
Rep. Ro Khanna (CA-17)
Rep. Rashida Tlaib (MI-13)
Rep. Ilhan Omar (MN-5)
A. Ocasio-Cortez (NY-14)
Rep. Peter Welch (VT)
02/21/19
10/27/19
10/15/19
10/19/19
02/19/19
+
+
+
+
More Statewide Officials - MN: Attorney General Keith Ellison 06/28/19 >
VT: Lt. Gov. David Zuckerman 02/19/19 >
   Attorney General T.J. Donovan, State Treasurer Beth Pearce, State Auditor Doug Hoffer 07/23/19 (+)


 
SWALWELL













Rep. Ruben Gallego (AZ-7)
04/15/19
+



WARREN










Sen. Ed Markey (MA) 02/09/19
Rep. Raúl Grijalva (AZ-3)
Rep. Jim McGovern (MA-2)
Rep. Lori Trahan (MA-3)
Rep. Joe Kennedy III (MA-4)
Rep. Katherine Clark (MA-5)
Rep. Andy Levin (MI-9)
Rep. Deb Haaland (NM-1)
07/30/19



07/30/19
07/30/19
07/30/19

*Per spokesman, McGovern endorsement "on the radio show Congressional Corner with Alan Chartock on WAMC. That just happened to be the first time he was asked about it."


_____________

 
Democratic Governors (23)   ...2 Governors are candidates and 6 other Governors have endorsed (8/23)
Gavin Newsom (CA) HARRIS

Jared Polis (CO)

Ned Lamont (CT) BIDEN

John Carney (DE) BIDEN

David Ige (HI)

J.B. Pritzker (IL)
Laura Kelly (KS)

John Bel Edwards (LA)

Janet Mills (ME)

Gretchen Whitmer (MI)

Tim Walz (MN) KLOBUCHAR

Steve Bullock (MT) candidate
Steve Sisolak (NV)

Phil Murphy (NJ) BOOKER

Michelle Lujan Grisham (NM)

Andrew Cuomo (NY) BIDEN

Roy Cooper (NC)

Kate Brown (OR)
Tom Wolf (PA)

Gina Raimondo (RI)

Ralph Northam (VA)

Jay Inslee (WA) candidate

Tony Evers (WI)

And territories:
Lolo Matalasi Moliga (AS)
Lou Leon Guerrero (GU)
Ricardo Rosselló (PR)
Albert Bryan (USVI)


Democratic U.S. Senators (45) plus Independents (2)  
...6 Senators are active candidates and 10
other Senators have endorsed (17/47)
Doug Jones (AL) BIDEN

Krysten Sinema (AZ)

Dianne Feinstein (CA) BIDEN
Kamala Harris (CA) candidate

Michael Bennet (CO) candidate

Richard Blumenthal (CT)
Chris Murphy (CT)

Tom Carper (DE) BIDEN
Chris Coons (DE) BIDEN

Brian Schatz (HI)
Mazie Hirono (HI)
Dick Durbin (IL)
Tammy Duckworth (IL)

Angus King (ME)  I

Ben Cardin (MD)
Chris Van Hollen (MD)

Elizabeth Warren (MA)
candidate
Ed Markey (MA) WARREN

Debbie Stabenow (MI)
Gary Peters (MI)

Amy Klobuchar (MN) candidate
Tina Smith (MN) KLOBUCHAR

Jon Tester (MT) BULLOCK
Catherine Cortez Masto (NV)
Jacky Rosen (NV)

Jeanne Shaheen (NH)
Maggie Hassan (NH)

Bob Menendez (NJ) BOOKER
Cory Booker (NJ) candidate

Tom Udall (NM)
Martin Heinrich (NM)

Chuck Schumer (NY)
Kirsten Gillibrand (NY) fmr candidate

Sherrod Brown (OH)

Ron Wyden (OR)
Jeff Merkley (OR)
Bob Casey (PA) BIDEN

Jack Reed (RI)
Sheldon Whitehouse (RI)

Pat Leahy (VT) SANDERS
Bernie Sanders (VT) I candidate

Mark Warner (VA)
Tim Kaine (VA)

Patty Murray (WA)
Maria Cantwell (WA)

Joe Manchin (WV)

Tammy Baldwin (WI)


Democratic U.S. House Members (234)

 

235 fell to 234 after U.S. Rep. Elijah Cummings (MD) died on Oct. 17 and 233 after U.S. Rep. Katie Hill (CA) resigned on Oct. 27.  Of the 233, 72 members (about 30%) have endorsed
active candidates
...68 Members plus 1 who is still a candidate (self endorse).  [Figures do not include those who have endorsed candidates no longer in the race].
Biden (19)
Booker (11)
Buttigieg (1)
Castro (2) Delaney (2)
Lou Correa (CA-46)
Lisa Blunt Rochester (DE)
Al Lawson (FL-5)
Charlie Crist (FL-13)
Cedric Richmond (LA-2)
Stephen Lynch (MA-8)
Emanuel Cleaver (MO-5)
Thomas Suozzi (NY-3)
G.K. Butterfield (NC-1)
Kurt Schrader (OR-5)
Tim Ryan (OH-13)
Brendan Boyle (PA-2)
Dwight Evans (PA-3)
Matt Cartwright (PA-8)
Vicente González (TX-15)
E.Bernice Johnson (TX-30)
Marc Veasey (TX-33)
Filemon Vela (TX-34)
Don McEachin (VA-4)

Donald Norcross (NJ-1)
Jeff Van Drew (NJ-2)
Andy Kim (NJ-3)
Josh Gottheimer (NJ-5)
Frank Pallone (NJ-6)
Tom Malinowski (NJ-7)
Albo Sires (NJ-8)
Bill Pascrell, Jr. (NJ-9)
Donald Payne Jr. (NJ-10)
Mikie Sherrill (NJ-11)
B. Watson Coleman (NJ-12)

Don Beyer (VA-8)
Vicente González (TX-15)
Joaquin Castro (TX-20)
Colin Allred (TX-32)

*González switched to Biden on Sept. 15.
Juan Vargas (CA-51)
David Trone (MD-6)
Gabbard
Gillibrand (1)
Harris (15)
Inslee (1)
Klobuchar (4)
self
Carolyn Maloney (NY-12)
Ruben Gallego (AZ-7)
Barbara Lee (CA-13)
Jim Costa (CA-16)
Katie Hill (CA-25)
Julia Brownley (CA-26)
Ted Lieu (CA-33)
Nanette Barrigan (CA-44)
Jahana Hayes (CT-5)
Alcee Hastings (FL-20)
Frederica Wilson (FL-24)
Bobby Rush (IL-1)
Danny Davis (IL-7)
Brenda Lawrence (MI-14)
Lacy Clay (MO-1)
Marcia Fudge (OH-11)
Al Green (TX-9)

*Hill resigned on Oct. 27, reducing Harris' House endorsements from 16 to 15.

Rick Larsen (WA-2) Angie Craig (MN-2)
Dean Phillips (MN-3)
Betty McCollum (MN-4)
Collin Peterson (MN-7)

Moulton
O'Rourke (5)
Ryan
Sanders (5)* Swalwell (1)
self
Salud Carbajal (CA-24)
Stephanie Murphy (FL-7)
Kathleen Rice (NY-4)
S. Patrick Maloney (NY-18)
Veronica Escobar (TX-16)

self
Ro Khanna (CA-17)
Rashida Tlaib (MI-13)
Ilhan Omar (MN-5)
A. Ocasio-Cortez (NY-14)
Peter Welch (VT)

self
Ruben Gallego (AZ-7)
Warren (7)




Raúl Grijalva (AZ-3)
Jim McGovern (MA-2)
Lori Trahan (MA-3)
Joe Kennedy III (MA-4)
Katherine Clark (MA-5)
Andy Levin (MI-9)
Deb Haaland (NM-1)





___________

ALABAMA (1 of 7)
7. Terri Sewell

ALASKA (0 of 1)

ARIZONA (5 of 9)
1. Tom O'Halleran
2. Ann Kirkpatrick
3. Raúl Grijalva WARREN
7. Ruben Gallego* HARRIS
9. Greg Stanton
*Gallego initially backed Swalwell

ARKANSAS (0 of 4)

CALIFORNIA (46 of 53)
2. Jared Huffman
3. John Garamendi
5. Mike Thompson
6. Doris Matsui
7. Ami Bera
9. Jerry McNerney
10. Josh Harder
11. Mark DeSaulnier
12. Nancy Pelosi
13. Barbara Lee HARRIS
14. Jackie Speier
15. Eric Swalwell fmr. candidate
16. Jim Costa HARRIS
17. Ro Khanna SANDERS
18. Anna Eshoo
19. Zoe Lofgren
20. Jimmy Panetta
21. TJ Cox
24. Salud Carbajal O'ROURKE
25. Katie Hill HARRIS (r. Oct. 27)
26. Julia Brownley HARRIS
27. Judy Chu
28. Adam Schiff
29. Tony Cárdenas
30. Brad Sherman
31. Pete Aguilar
32. Grace Napolitano
33. Ted Lieu HARRIS
34. Jimmy Gomez
35. Norma Torres
36. Raul Ruiz
37. Karen Bass
38. Linda Sánchez
39. Gil Cisneros
40. Lucille Roybal-Allard
41. Mark Takano
43. Maxine Waters
44. Nanette Barragán HARRIS
45. Katie Porter
46. Lou Correa BIDEN
47. Alan Lowenthal
48. Harley Rouda
49. Mike Levin
51. Juan Vargas DELANEY
52. Scott Peters
53. Susan Davis

COLORADO (4 of 7)
1. Diana DeGette
2. Joe Neguse
6. Jason Crow
7. Ed Perlmutter

CONNECTICUT (5 of 5)
1. John B. Larson
2. Joe Courtney
3. Rosa DeLauro
4. Jim Himes
5. Jahana Hayes HARRIS

DELAWARE (1 of 1)
Lisa Blunt Rochester BIDEN



FLORIDA (13 of 27)
5. Al Lawson BIDEN
7. Stephanie Murphy O'ROURKE
9. Darren Soto
10. Val Demings
13. Charlie Crist BIDEN
14. Kathy Castor
20. Alcee Hastings HARRIS
21. Lois Frankel
22. Ted Deutch
23. Debbie Wasserman Schultz
24. Frederica Wilson HARRIS
26. Debbie Mucarsel-Powell
27. Donna Shalala

GEORGIA (5 of 14)
2. Sanford Bishop
4. Hank Johnson
5. John Lewis
6. Lucy McBath
13. David Scott

HAWAII (2 of 2)
1. Ed Case
2. Tulsi Gabbard candidate

IDAHO (0 of 2)

ILLINOIS (13 of 18)
1. Bobby Rush HARRIS
2. Robin Kelly
3. Dan Lipinski
4. Jesús G. "Chuy" García
5. Mike Quigley
6. Sean Casten
7. Danny K. Davis HARRIS
8. Raja Krishnamoorthi
9. Jan. Schakowsky
10. Brad Schneider
11. Bill Foster
14. Lauren Underwood
17. Cheri Bustos

INDIANA (2 of 9)
1. Pete Visclosky
7. André Carson

IOWA (3 of 4)
1. Abby Finkenauer
2. Dave Loebsack
3. Cindy Axne

KANSAS (1 of 4)
3. Sharice Davids

KENTUCKY (1 of 6)
3. John Yarmuth

LOUISIANA (1 of 6)
2. Cedric Richmond

MAINE (2 of 2)
1. Chellie Pingree
2. Jared Golden

MARYLAND (7 of 8)
2. Dutch Ruppersberger
3. John Sarbanes
4. Anthony G. Brown
5. Steny Hoyer
6. David Trone DELANEY
7. Elijah Cummings (d. Oct. 17)
8. Jamie Raskin

MASSACHUSETTS (9 of 9)
1. Richard Neal
2. Jim McGovern WARREN
3. Lori Trahan WARREN
4. Joe Kennedy WARREN
5. Katherine Clark WARREN
6. Seth Moulton candidate
7. Ayanne Pressley
8. Stephen F. Lynch BIDEN
9. Bill Keating



MICHIGAN (7 of 14)
5. Dan Kildee
8. Elissa Slotkin
9. Andy Levin WARREN
11. Haley Stevens
12.. Debbie Dingell
13. Rashida Tlaib SANDERS
14. Brenda Lawrence HARRIS

MINNESOTA (5 of 8)
2. Angie Craig KLOBUCHAR
3. Dean Phillips KLOBUCHAR
4. Betty McCollum KLOBUCHAR
5. Ilhan Omar SANDERS
7. Collin Peterson KLOBUCHAR

MISSISSIPPI (1 of 4)
2. Bennie Thompson

MISSOURI (2 of 8)
1. Lacy Clay HARRIS
5. Emanuel Cleaver BIDEN

MONTANA (0 of 1)

NEBRASKA (0 of 3)

NEVADA (3 of 4)
1. Dina Titus
3. Susie Lee
4. Steven Horsford

NEW HAMPSHIRE (2 of 2)
1. Chris Pappas
2. Ann McLane Kuster

NEW JERSEY (11 of 12)
1. Donald Norcross BOOKER
2. Jeff Van Drew BOOKER
3. Andy Kim BOOKER
5. Josh Gottheimer BOOKER
6. Frank Pallone BOOKER
7. Tom Malinowski BOOKER
8. Albo Sires BOOKER
9. Bill Pascrell BOOKER
10. Donald Payne Jr. BOOKER
11. Mikie Sherril BOOKER
12. B. Watson Coleman BOOKER

NEW MEXICO (3 of 3)
1. Deb Haaland WARREN
2. Xochitl Torres Small
3. Ben Luján

NEW YORK (21 of 27)
3. Thomas Suozzi BIDEN
4. Kathleen Rice O'ROURKE
5. Gregory Meeks
6. Grace Meng
7. Nydia Velázquez
8. Hakeem Jeffries
9. Yvette Clarke
10. Jerrold Nadler
11. Max Rose
12. Carolyn Maloney GILLIBRAND
13. Adriano Espaillat
14. A. Ocasio-Cortez SANDERS
15. José Serrano
16. Eliot Engel
17. Nita Lowey
18. S. Patrick Maloney O'ROURKE
19. Antonio Delgado
20. Paul Tonko
22. Anthony Brindisi
25. Joseph Morelle
26. Brian Higgins

NORTH CAROLINA (3 of 11) 2v
1. G. K. Butterfield BIDEN
4. David Price
12. Alma Adams

NORTH DAKOTA (0 of 1)

OHIO (4 of 16)
3. Joyce Beatty
9. Marcy Kaptur
11. Marcia Fudge HARRIS
13. Tim Ryan candidate>BIDEN
OKLAHOMA (1 of 5)
5. Kendra Horn

OREGON (4 of 5)
1. Suzanne Bonamici
3. Earl Blumenauer
4. Peter DeFazio
5. Kurt Schrader BIDEN

PENNSYLVANIA (9 of 17) 1v
2. Brendan Boyle BIDEN
3. Dwight Evans BIDEN
4. Madeleine Dean
5. Mary Gay Scanlon
6. Chrissy Houlahan
7. Susan Wild
8. Matt Cartwright BIDEN
17. Conor Lamb
18. Michael F. Doyle

RHODE ISLAND (2 of 2)
1. David Cicilline
2. Jim Langevin

SOUTH CAROLINA (2 of 7)
1. Joe Cunningham
6. Jim Clyburn

SOUTH DAKOTA (0 of 1)

TENNESSEE (2 of 9)
5. Jim Cooper
9. Steve Cohen

TEXAS (13 of 36)
7. LIzzie Pannill Fletcher
9. Al Green HARRIS
15. Vicente González CASTRO
switched to BIDEN
16. Veronica Escobar O'ROURKE
18. Sheila Jackson Lee
20. Joaquin Castro CASTRO
28. Henry Cuellar
29. Sylvia Garcia
30. Eddie Bernice Johnson BIDEN
32. Colin Allred CASTRO
33. Marc Veasey BIDEN
34. Filemon Vela Jr. BIDEN
35. Lloyd Doggett

UTAH (1 of 4)
4. Ben McAdams

VERMONT (1 of 1)
Peter Welch SANDERS

VIRGINIA (7 of 11)
2. Elaine Luria
3. Bobby Scott
4. Donald McEachin BIDEN
7. Abigail Spanberger
8. Don Beyer BUTTIGIEG
10. Jennifer Wexton
11. Gerry Connolly

WASHINGTON (7 of 10)
1. Suzan DelBene
2. Rick Larsen INSLEE
6. Derek Kilmer
7. Pramila Jayapal
8. Kim Schrier
9. Adam Smith
10. Dennis Heck

WEST VIRGINIA (0 of 3)

WISCONSIN (3 of 8)
2. Mark Pocan
3. Ron Kind
4. Gwen Moore

WYOMING (0 of 1)

DELEGATES
DC Eleanor Holmes Norton
GU Michael San Nicolas
CNMI Gregorio Sabian
USVI Stacey Plaskett



Building Credibility
(ema 08/01/19)  The 2016 Republican presidential primary showed the clear limits of endorsements.  Former Gov. Jeb Bush led in endorsements while Donald Trump did not receive his first congressional endorsement until Feb. 2016 [U.S. Rep. Chris Collins (NY)].  Despite this, endorsements, or a lack there of, can be an indicator of support for a candidate. 

In the early stages of the 2020 campaign, most of the endorsements were from candidates' home states. Such announcements are often made coinciding with a candidate's announcement. Impressively Sen. Booker was able to lock down all the top NJ endorsements. Former Vice President Biden received backing of the top DE officials; all told he had endorsements from 11 members of Congress on his first day in the race. Sen. Harris garned support of CA statewide elected officials, if not members of the state's congressional delegation. Sen. Gillibrand showed a distinct lack of support from NY elected officials. Former Sec. Castro's announcement of endorsements by Texas elected officials on the same day as former Rep. O'Rourke announced was intended to remind observers of "the other" Texan in the race, but some observers saw it in poor form. Generally, candidates want to get endorsements early as they are trying to show support, but another endorsement strategy is to trickle them out over time. The Harris campaign has favored this approach. Harris has shown strength among members of the Congressional Black Caucus, garnering endorsements of nine members of the CBC as of Aug. 1. Ultimately what matters is not the number of endorsements, but the endorser's influence and reputation and the energy and enthusiasm behind the endorsement—do they introduce the candidate at events, make calls, sign emails...

When is an Endorsement an Endorsement?
Sometimes endorsements are not clear.  For example in 2015, Gov. Asa Hutchinson (R-AR) offered high praise of Huckabee while introducing him at his announcement.  The Hope Star noted that Hutchinson "offered his encouragement but no formal endorsement."  By Sept. 28 Hutchinson was included as an endorser.  Candice Miller was in the spin room for Christie at the Aug. 6 debate but went for Fiorina on Sept. 23.

See:
Brian Schwartz.  "NY Gov. Andrew Cuomo plans to open his formidable fundraising network to Joe Biden’s 2020 campaign."  CNBC, April 25, 2019.
Arlette Saenz and Jeff Zeleny.  "Joe Biden readies major endorsements and message of strength ahead of likely 2020 run."  CNN, March 18, 2019.


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