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this page updated Sept. 27, 2018

U.S. House Races, 2017-18               

  • Balance Oct. 1, 2018:  235R, 193D, 7v*.

  • Balance after Nov. 6, 2018:  tbd.


Overview: Buoyed by successes in 2017 and special elections, Democrats are hoping for a wave election as happened for Republicans in 2010Summing up the campaign, one can say that Democrats will be running against and trying to tie candidates to President Donald Trump while Republicans will be running against and trying to tie candidates to House Democratic Leader Nancy Pelosi.  Both are unpopular.  (There was some talk among Democrats about the need to replace Pelosi, but that petered out following their successes in the 2017 off-year elections).  Republicans' "tax reform" is also bound to be a central issue in the campaign. 

More than twice as many Republican Members as Democrats are retiring.  In addition to Speaker Paul Ryan (+), nine of 21 committee chairs are leaving: Frelinghuysen (Appropriations), Black* (Budget), Hensarling (Financial Services), Royce (Foreign Affairs), Harper (House Administration), Goodlatte (Judiciary), Gowdy (Oversight and Government Reform), Smith (Science, Space and Technology), and Shuster (Transportation and Infrastructure).  Eleven of the Republicans leaving are from the wave class of 2010, which brought in 88 new Republicans.  Allegations of sexual misconduct have prompted several resignations and retirements.  Texas' congressional delegation will see big changes as eight of 36 members are retiring.  An interesting situation occurred in Pennsylvania where on Jan. 22, 2018 (less than four months before the primary) the state Supreme Court found that the congressional district lines violated the Pennsylvania constitution and a new plan had to be adopted (+).  When the state legislature and governor failed to submit a plan by Feb. 15, the Court on Feb. 19 issued  a remedial plan under which the 2018 congressional elections are being conducted.  On Aug. 27, 2018 a federal court ruled that North Carolina congressional districts must be redrawn, but a three judge panel ruled on Sept. 4 that it was too late to change the boundaries before the November elections.

Re-election prospects of two Republican congressmen were complicated by indictments—Rep. Chris Collins (NY) on Aug. 10 for insider trading and Rep. Duncan Hunter (CA) and his wife on Aug. 21 for misusing campaign funds.  Both remain on the ballot; Collins had announced on Aug. 11 that he would not seek re-election, but New York law made it very difficult to replace him on the ballot, and on Sept. 17 he reversed course and said he will actively campaign and serve if re-elected.

The big story in the 2018 election is the number of women candidates.  The Center for American Women and Politics (CAWP) at Rutgers reported "a record number of women have filed as major party candidates for the U.S. House of Representatives in 2018 (>)."  Four hundred and seventy six (476) women filed to run for House as major party candidates (356D, 120R); the previous record was 298 in 2012.  Women candidates are enjoying considerable success in the primaries.  Indeed over half of the major party women candidates running for Congress in the primaries won.  CAWP figures show 235 women won their primaries compared to 231 who lost.  (Oddball Louisiana has yet to hold its primary; four women are running for U.S. House there in the Nov. 6 primaries, all Democrats).  On Nov. 6 239 major party woman candidates for U.S. House will be on the ballot (187D, 52R) including 121 challengers (99D, 22R), 47 open seat candidates (34D, 13R) and 71 incumbents (54D, 17R).  In possibly the biggest upset of the cycle, Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (D) defeated 10-term Rep. Joe Crowley (NY-14), chairman of the House Democratic Caucus, in the June 26 primary; Ocasio-Cortez ran to the left of Crowley.  Rep. Mike Capuano (MA-7), another 10-term congressman, lost to Boston City Councilwoman Ayanna Pressley (D) in the Sept. 4 primary.  Earlier, on June 12, state Rep. Katie Arrington (R) defeated veteran Rep. Mark Sanford (SC-1), who was not sufficiently pro-Trump for voters of the district. 
 
*Black stepped down as committee chair at the end of Dec. 2017 to focus on her campaign for governor.

L
inks:  DCCC [Organization]  |   NRCC [Organization]  |   FEC
 
Key Super PACs: 
D - House Majority PAC
R - Congressional Leadership Fund
U.S. House of Representatives: Member Data


Special Elections 2017-18

seven seats will be vacant to Nov. 2018:
West Virginia 3
(southern WV incl. Huntington 1, 2)
Rep. Evan Jenkins (R), first elected Nov. 2014, announced on Sept. 27, 2018 that he would resign effective Sept. 30, 2018 to take a seat on the state Supreme Court of Appeals.  Earlier Jenkins unsuccessfully sought the U.S. Senate nomination.

Florida 6 (south of Jacksonville including Daytona Beach 1, 2)
Rep. Ron DeSantis (R), first elected Nov. 2012. announced on Sept. 10, 2018 that he was resigning effective Sept. 1, 2018 to focus on his campaign for governor.

Pennsylvania 7
(convoluted horseshoe-shaped district between Philadelphia and Reading +).  Special election Nov. 6, 2018.
Rep. Patrick Meehan (R), first elected Nov. 2010, had announced on Jan. 25, 2018 that he would not be seeking re-election then abruptly resigned Apr. 27, 2018.

Pennsylvania 15 (runs from East of Harrisburg to Allentown area +).  Special election Nov. 6, 2018.
Rep. Charlie Dent (R), first elected Nov. 2004, announced on Sept. 7, 2017 that he would retire, and then announced on April 17, 2018 that he would resign in May; he resigned effective May 12, 2018.

  • Michigan 13 (parts of Detroit and suburbs, all in Wayne Co. +) ...Special election primary Aug. 7; general election Nov. 6, 2018.
  • Rep. John Conyers (D), first elected Nov. 1964, abruptly resigned effective Dec. 5, 2017 following charges of sexual harrassment.  At the time he was 88 years old and the longest current serving member of the House.

  • Oklahoma 1 (Tulsa metro area +).  June 26, 2018 primary; general election Nov. 6, 2018.
    On Sept. 2, 2017 President Trump nominated Rep. Jim Bridenstine (R), first elected Nov. 2012, to be NASA administrator.  (Bridenstine had announced in 2015 that he would not seek another term).  The nomination was controversial and the confirmation process dragged on for months; the full Senate finally confirmed him on April 19, 2018 by a 50-49 party line vote.  Bridenstine resigned effective April 23, 2018 and was sworn in as NASA administrator.

  • New York 25 (Rochester +).  June 26, 2018 primary; general election Nov. 6, 2018.
  • Rep. Louise Slaughter (D), first elected Nov. 1986, died Mar. 16, 2018.

there have been 10 special elections since Nov. 2016:
Ohio 12 (north and east of Columbus)  ...Special election primary May 8; general election Aug. 7, 2018. 
Rep. Pat Tiberi (R)
, first elected Nov. 2000, announced on Oct. 19, 2017 that he will leave Congress before Jan. 31, 2018 to lead the Ohio Business Roundtable; resigned effective Jan. 16, 2018.  State Sen. Troy Balderson (R) emerged from the May 8 primary and defeated Franklin County Recorder Danny O'Connor (D) by less than one percentage point; Joe Manchik (G) was also on the ballot.

  • Texas 27 (Gulf Coast from Corpus Christi and area to Matagorda Co. +) ...Special election on June 30, 2018.
  • Rep. Blake Farenthold (R), first elected Nov. 2010, faced sexual harrassment charges; he had planned to serve out his term but abruptly resigned effective April 6, 2018.  Nine candidates are running including the four already competing for the seat in the May 22 runoffs (Republicans Bech Bruun and Michael Cloud and Democrats Raul "Roy" Barrera and Eric Holguin).  Michael Cloud (R), small businessman who served for seven years as chair of the Victoria County Republican Party won with about 54%; If no candidate had received a majority there would have been a runoff.

  • Arizona 8 (suburbs north and west of Phoenix +) ...Special election primary Feb. 27; general election Apr. 24, 2018.
  • Rep. Trent Franks (R), first elected Nov. 2002, announced on Dec. 7, 2017 that he would resign effective Jan. 31, 2018; he cited "discussion of surrogacy with two previous female subordinates, making each feel uncomfortable" and was facing an ethics investigation.  On Dec. 8 he changed course and announced he was resigning that day.  Former state legislator Debbie Lesko (R) defeated Hiral Tipirneni (D), a physician.

  • Pennsylvania 18 (western PA including south Pittsburgh suburbs +)  ...Nominees chosen by party state central committees at nominating conventions in Nov. 2017.  Special election Mar. 13, 2018.
    Rep. Tim Murphy (R), first elected Nov. 2002, resigned effective Oct. 21, 2017 due to scandal over affair.  Former federal prosecutor and veteran Conor Lamb (D) edged out a win over State Rep. Rick Saccone (R) (who had been running for U.S. Senate) by about 700 votes.

  • Utah 3 (SE corner extending up towards Salt Lake City) ...Special election Nov. 7, 2017.
    Rep. Jason Chaffetz (R), first elected Nov. 2008, announced on May 19 that he would resign effective June 30, 2017; he signed to become an analyst with Fox News.  Mayor of Provo John Curtis (R) defeated Kathie Allen (D) and Jim Bennett (UU) by 58.1% to 25.9% and 9.2%; sworn in on Nov. 13, 2017.

  • California 34 (neighborhoods in Central, East and Northeast L.A.) ...Special election June 6, 2017.
    Rep. Xavier Becerra (D), first elected Nov. 1992, resigned effective Jan. 24, 2017; Gov. Jerry Brown announced on Dec. 1, 2016 he would appoint Becerra as Attorney General.  Jimmy Gomez (D) emerged from a crowded primary and defeated Robert Lee Ahn (D); sworn in on July 11, 2017.

  • Georgia 6 (northern suburbs of Atlanta) ...April 18, 2017 primary.  Special election June 20, 2017.
    Rep. Tom Price (R), first elected Nov. 2004, was nominated by President-elect Trump as HHS Secretary and resigned effective Feb. 10, 2017.  Former Sec. of State and Senior VP at Komen Karen Handel (R) defeated former congressional staffer and small businessman Jon Ossoff (D) by 51.9% to 48.1%; sworn in on June 26.  This was the most expensive U.S. House race in history.

  • South Carolina 5 (north central including Rock Hill) ...May 16, 2017 GOP runoff.  Special election June 20, 2017.
    Rep. Mick Mulvaney (R), first elected Nov. 2010, nominated by President-elect Trump as OMB Director and resigned effective Feb. 16, 2017.  Commercial real estate developer and state Rep. Ralph Norman (R) defeated Archie Parnell (D), a senior advisor to Goldman Sachs, by 51.1% to 47.9%; sworn in on June 26.

  • Montana AL ...Special election May 25, 2017.
    Rep. Ryan Zinke (R), first elected Nov. 2014, was nominated by President-elect Trump as Interior Secretary and resigned effective Mar. 1, 2017.  Entrepreneur and 2016 gubernatorial nominee Greg Gianforte (R) defeated musician Rob Quist (D) by 50.2% to 44.1%; sworn in on June 21.

  • Kansas 4 (south central including Wichita) ...GOP nominating convention Feb. 9.  Special election April 11, 2017
    Rep. Mike Pompeo (R), first elected Nov. 2010, was nominated by President-elect Trump as CIA director and resigned effective Jan. 23, 2017.  State Treasurer Ron Estes (R) defeated attorney and veteran James Thompson (D) by 52.2% to 46.0%; sworn in on April 25.



Running for Other Office  (22 - 13R, 9D)

11 for U.S. Senate (8R, 3D) R: McSally (AZ), Messer (IN), Rokita (IN), Cramer (ND), Renacci (OH), Barletta (PA), Blackburn (TN), Jenkins (WV).  D: Sinema (AZ), Rosen (NV), O'Rourke (TX).
9 for Governor (5R, 4D) R: DeSantis (FL), Labrador (ID), Pearce (NM), Renacci (OH), Noem (SD), Black (TN).
D: Polis (CO), Hanabusa (HI), Walz (MN), Lujan Grisham (NM).
1 for Attorney Gen'l (1D)
D: Ellis (MN).
1 for President  D: Delaney (MD).
* Renacci was initially a candidate for Governor but switched to running for U.S. Senate on Jan. 11, 2018.

June 5, 2018 -
Rep. Keith Ellison (D, MN-5 ...eastern Hennepin Co. (Minneapolis) and parts of Anoka and Ramsey Cos. 1) - first elected Nov. 2006.  Attorney General   ...won Aug. 14 primary

Feb. 16, 2018 - Rep. Kevin Cramer (R- ND-AL ...1, 2) - first elected Nov. 2012.  Senate   ...won June 12 primary

Jan. 8, 2018 - Rep. Ron DeSantis (R, FL-6 ...south of Jacksonville including Daytona Beach 1, 2) - first elected Nov. 2012.  Governor

Nov. 7, 2017 - Rep. Martha McSally (R, AZ-2 ...SE corner of the state including much of Tucson 1, 2) - first elected Nov. 2014.  reported running for U.S. Senate.

Oct. 5, 2017 - Rep. Marsha Blackburn (R, TN-7 ... in the western part of the state between Memphis and Nashville; from KY in the north to MS and AL in the south 1, 2)  - first elected Nov. 2002.  U.S. Senate   ...won Aug. 2 primary

Sept. 28, 2017 - Rep. Krysten Sinema (D, AZ-9 ...parts of Maricopa Co. including Tempe and southern Phoenix 1, 2) - first elected Nov. 2012.  U.S. Senate

Sept. 1, 2017 - Rep. Colleen Hanabusa (D, HI-1 ...Honolulu and area 1, 2) - elected in a Nov. 8, 2016 special election to fill out the term of Rep. Mark Takai and sworn in on Nov. 14; she was as well elected to a full term.  She previously served two terms, being elected in Nov. 2010 and 2012.  Governor.   ...lost Aug. 11 primary

Aug. 29, 2017 - Rep. Lou Barletta (R, PA-11 ...East central Pennsylvania 1, 2) - first elected Nov. 2010.  U.S. Senate  ...won May 15 primary

Aug. 8, 2017 - Rep. Todd Rokita (R, IN-4 ...West central Indiana from Indianapolis suburbs to Illinois border 1, 2) - first elected Nov. 2010.  U.S. Senate   ...lost May 8 primary

Aug. 2, 2017 - Rep. Diane Black (R, TN-6 ...North central TN on the border with KY 1, 2) - first elected Nov. 2010.  Governor   ...lost Aug. 2 primary

July 28, 2017 - Rep. John Delaney (D, MD-6 ...Western MD 1, 2) - first elected Nov. 2012.  President

July 26, 2017 - Rep. Luke Messer (R, IN-6 ...East central and southern Indiana to Ohio border 1, 2) - first elected Nov. 2012.  U.S. Senate   ...lost May 8 primary

July 10, 2017 - Rep. Steve Pearce (R, NM-2 ...southern half of NM incl. a quarter of Albuquerque - elected Nov. 2010, previously served three terms, elected in 2002, '04 and '06.  Governor   ...uncontested in June 5 primary

July 6, 2017 - Rep. Jacky Rosen (D, NV-3 ...South of Las Vegas including Henderson 1, 2) - first elected Nov. 2016.  U.S. Senate  ...won June 12 primary

June 11, 2017 - Rep. Jared Polis (D, CO-2 ...North Central; Denver suburbs to Wyoming border 1, 2) - first elected Nov. 2008.  Governor   ...won June 26 primary

May 9, 2017 - Rep. Raúl Labrador (R, ID-1 ...western third of the state from Nevada to Canada 1, 2) - first elected Nov. 2010.  Governor  ...lost May 15 primary

May 8, 2017 - Rep. Evan Jenkins (R, WV-3 ...southern WV incl. Huntington 1, 2) - first elected Nov. 2014.  U.S. Senate   ...lost May 8 primary

Mar. 29/31, 2017 - Rep. Beto O'Rouke (D, TX-16 ...El Paso, the western tip of TX 1, 2) first elected Nov. 2012.  U.S. Senate   ...won Mar. 6 primary

Mar. 27, 2017 - Rep. Tim Walz (D, MN-1 ...Southern MN from SD in the West to WI in the East 1, 2) - first elected Nov. 2006.  Governor   ...won Aug. 14 primary

Mar. 20, 2017 - Rep. Jim Renacci (R, OH-16 ...Akron area and western suburbs of Cleveland 1, 2) - first elected Nov. 2010.  Governor ...switched Jan. 11 to run for U.S. Senate  ...won May 8 primary

Dec. 13, 2016 - Rep. Michelle Lujan Grisham (D, NM-1 ...central NM incl. much of Albuquerque 1, 2) - first elected Nov. 2010.  Governor   ...won June 5 primary

Nov. 14, 2016 - Rep. Kristi Noem (R, SD-AL ...1, 2) - first elected Nov. 2010.  Governor   ...won June 5 primary



Defeated in Primary (2R, 2D)

Sept. 4, 2018 - Rep. Michael Capuano (D, MA-7 ...half of the City of Boston 1) - first elected Nov. 1998. ...lost to Boston City Councilwoman Ayanna Pressley (D)

Jun. 26, 2018 - Rep. Joe Crowley (D, NY-14 ...eastern Bronx and north-central Queens 1, 2) - first elected Nov. 1998. ...lost to businesswoman Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez (D), who emphasized her working class roots and progressive positions; Crowley also skipped a couple of debates.

Jun. 12, 2018 - Rep Mark Sanford (R, SC-1 ...the Lowcountry; Hilton Head to mid-coastal South Carolina 1, 2) - elected in May 7, 2013 special election; also served three terms from 1995-2001.  ...critic of Trump, lost to state Rep. Katie Arrington (R)

May 7, 2018 - Rep. Robert Pittenger (R, NC-9 ...south-central NC 1, 2) - first elected Nov. 2012.  ...lost to Rev. Mark Harris (R) in a rematch of 2016.



Not Seeking Re-election–Retiring at End of Term (32 - 23R, 9D)*

*in addition there were 4R who had said they would not be seeking re-election in 2018, but then left before the end of the term.
May 28, 2018 - Rep. Tom Garrett (R, VA-5 ...large district in the central third of the state running north to south 1, 2) - first elected Nov. 2016.  (5th CD Republican Committee chose Denver Riggleman as the new nominee).

Apr. 11, 2018 - Rep. Paul Ryan (R, WI-1 ...SE corner of the state 1, 2) - first elected Nov. 1998.

Apr. 11, 2018 - Rep. Dennis Ross (R, FL-15 ...northern parts of Hillsborough and Polk Counties 1, 2) - first elected Nov. 2010.

Apr. 2, 2018 - Rep. Elizabeth Esty (D, CT-5 ...northwestern CT 1, 2) - first elected Nov. 2012.

Mar. 25, 2018 - Rep. Ryan Costello (R, PA-6 ...old district: north and west of Philadelphia 1, 2) - first elected Nov. 2014.

Feb. 19, 2018 - Rep. Tom Rooney (R, FL-17 ...central FL, east of Tampa Bay to west of Lake Okeechobee 1, 2) - first elected Nov. 2008.

Feb. 9, 2018 - Rep. Rick Nolan (D, MN-8 ...Northeast MN including Duluth 1, 2) - elected Nov. 2012; previously served three terms, elected Nov. 1974.  [announced on June 4, runnig for lt. gov. on ticket with AG Lori Swanson]

Jan. 31, 2018 - Rep. Trey Gowdy (R, SC-4 ...Greenville/Spartanburg area 1, 2) - first elected Nov. 2010.

Jan. 31, 2018 - Rep. Robert Brady (D, PA-1 ...central and South Philadelphia and parts of Delaware Co. 1, 2) - first elected in May 19, 1998 special election.

Jan. 29, 2018 - Rep. Rodney Frelinghuysen (R-11 ... in northern NJ; parts of Morris, Essex, Sussex and Passaic Counties 1, 2) - first elected Nov. 1994.

Jan. 25, 2018 - Rep. Patrick Meehan (R, PA-7 ...convoluted horseshoe-shaped district between Philadelphia and Reading 1, 2) - first elected Nov. 2010resigned Apr. 27, 2018

Jan. 10, 2018 - Rep. Darrell Issa (R, CA-49 ...northern coastal area of San Diego Co. and a bit of Orange Co. 1, 2) - first elected Nov. 2000.

Jan. 8, 2018 - Rep. Ed Royce (R, CA-39 ... parts of L.A., Orange and San Bernardino Cos. 1, 2) - first elected Nov. 1992.

Jan. 4, 2018 - Rep. Gregg Harper (R, MS-3 ...south central AL running diagonally from the LA border in the west to AL border in the east 1, 2) - first elected Nov. 2008.

Jan. 2, 2018 - Rep. Bill Shuster (R, PA-9 ...south central PA 1, 2) - first elected May 15, 2001 special election.

Dec. 16, 2017 - Rep. Ruben Kihuen (D, NV-4 ...North Las Vegas and southern Nevada except the tip 1, 2) - first elected Nov. 2016.

Dec. 14, 2017 - Rep. Blake Farenthold (R, TX-27 ...Gulf Coast from Corpus Christi and area to Matagorda Co. 1, 2) - first elected Nov. 2010.  resigned Apr. 6, 2018

Dec. 3, 2017 - Rep. Sander Levin (D, MI-9 ...parts of Oakland and Macomb Cos. 1, 2) - first elected Nov. 1982.

Nov. 30, 2017 - Rep. Joe Barton (R, TX-6 ...in northeast Texas, just south of Dallas/Fort Worth 1, 2) - first elected Nov. 1984.

Nov. 28, 2017 - Rep. Luis Gutiérrez (D, IL-4 ...custom gerrymandered Hispanic district in Chicago 1, 2) - first elected Nov. 1992.

Nov. 13, 2017 - Rep. Gene Green (D, TX-29 ...curved district in eastern Houston 1, 2) - first elected Nov. 1992.

Nov. 9, 2017 - Rep. Bob Goodlatte (R, VA-6 ...north central bordering WV 1, 2) - first elected Nov. 1992.

Nov. 7, 2017 - Rep. Frank LoBiondo (R, NJ-2 ...southern part of NJ 1, 2) - first elected Nov. 1994.

Nov. 7, 2017 - Rep. Ted Poe (R, TX-2 ...curved district in western and northern Houston 1, 2) - first elected Nov. 2004.

Nov. 2, 2017 - Rep. Lamar Smith (R, TX-21 ...parts of San Antonio and Austin and an area to the west 1, 2) - first elected Nov. 1986.

Oct. 31, 2017 - Rep. Jeb Hensarling (R, TX-5 ... a bit of Dallas Co. and counties to the south and east 1, 2) - first elected Nov. 2002.

Oct. 6, 2017 - Rep. Carol Shea-Porter (D, NH-1 ...Southeast NH incl. Greater Manchester and the Seacoast 1, 2) - elected in 2006 and 2008, defeated by Frank Guinta in 2010, ousted Guinta in 2012, defeated by him in 2014, and won the seat back in 2016.

Sept. 11, 2017 - Rep. Dave Trott (R, MI-11 ...Northwest of Detroit 1, 2) - first elected Nov. 2014.

Sept. 7, 2017 - Rep. Charlie Dent (R, PA-15 ...runs from East of Harrisburg to Allentown area 1, 2) - first elected Nov. 2004. announced on April 17, 2018 that he would resign in May; resigned effective May 11, 2018

Sept. 6, 2017 - Rep. Dave Reichert (R, WA-8 ...includes eastern King and Pierce Cos. 1, 2) - first elected Nov. 2004.

Aug. 9, 2017 - Rep. Niki Tsongas (D, MA-3 ...Northeastern and central MA 1, 2) - first elected Oct. 16, 2007 special election.

July 31, 2017 - Rep. John J. (Jimmy) Duncan (R, TN-2 ... East Tennessee district centered on Knoxville 1, 2) - first elected Nov. 8, 1988 special election.

April 3, 2017 - Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R, FL-27 ...Miami area including much of the city of Miami 1, 2) - first elected Aug. 29, 1989 special election.

Jan. 25, 2017 - Rep. Lynn Jenkins (R, KS-2 ...Eastern part of the state incl. Topeka and Lawrence; not Kansas City Metro 1, 2) - first elected Nov. 2008.

Jan. 6, 2017 - Rep. Sam Johnson (R, TX-3 ...a compact district north and northeast of Dallas, encompasses much of Collin Co. 1, 2) - first elected May 8, 1991 special election.

2015 - Rep. Jim Bridenstine (R, OK-1 ...Tulsa metro area 1, 2) - first elected Nov. 2012resigned effective April 23, 2018.


Not Returning*

*also see special elections above.
By State
Arizona
R-Martha McSally (AZ-2)
D-Kyrsten Sinema (AZ-9)

California
R-Ed Royce (CA-39)
R-Darrell Issa (CA-49)

Colorado
D-Jared Polis (CO-2)

Connecticut
D-Elizabeth Esty (CT-5)

Florida
R-Ron DeSantis (FL-6)
R-Dennis Ross (FL-15)
R-Tom Rooney (FL-17)
R-Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (FL-27)

Hawaii
D-Colleen Hanabusa (HI-1)

Idaho
R-Raúl Labrador (ID-1)

Illinois
D-Luis Gutiérrez (IL-4)

Indiana
R-Todd Rokita (IN-4)
R-Luke Messer (IN-6)

Kansas
R-Lynn Jenkins (KS-2)

Maryland
D-John Delaney (MD-6)

Massachusetts
D-Niki Tsongas (MA-3)
D-Mike Capuano (MA-7)
Michigan
D-Sander Levin (MI-9)
R-Dave Trott (MI-11)

Minnesota
D-Tim Walz (MN-1)
D-Keith Ellison (MN-5)
D-Rick Nolan (MN-8)

Mississippi
R-Gregg Harper (MS-3)

Nevada
D-Jacky Rosen (NV-3)
D-Ruben Kihuen (NV-4)

New Hampshire
D-Carol Shea-Porter (NH-1)

New Jersey
R-Frank LoBiondo (NJ-2)
R-Rodney Frelinghuysen (NJ-11)

New York
D-Joe Crowley (NY-14)

New Mexico
D-Michelle Lujan Grisham (NM-1)
R-Steve Pearce (NM-2)

North Carolina
R-Robert Pittenger (NC-9)

North Dakota
R-Kevin Cramer (AL)

Ohio
R-Jim Renacci (OH-16)

Oklahoma
R-Jim Bridenstine (OK-1)
Pennsylvania
D-Robert Brady (PA-1)
R-Ryan Costello (PA-6)
R-Patrick Meehan (PA-7)
R-Bill Shuster (PA-9)
R-Lou Barletta (PA-11)
R-Charlie Dent (PA-15)

South Carolina
R-Mark Sanford (SC-1)
R-Trey Gowdy (SC-4)

South Dakota

R-Kristi Noem (SD-AL)

Tennessee
R-Jimmy Duncan (TN-2)
R-Diane Black (TN-6)
R-Marsha Blackburn (TN-7)

Texas
R-Ted Poe (TX-2)
R-Sam Johnson (TX-3)
R-Jeb Hensarling (TX-5)
R-Joe Barton (TX-6)
D-Beto O'Rourke (TX-16)
R-Lamar Smith (TX-21)
D-Gene Green (TX-29)

Virginia
R-Tom Garrett (VA-5)
R-Bob Goodlatte (VA-6)

Washington
R-Dave Reichert (WA-8)

West Virginia
R-Evan Jenkins (WV-3)

Wisconsin
R-Paul Ryan (WI-1)

By Year Elected
1990s and earlier
1982
D-Sander Levin (MI-9)
1984
R-Joe Barton (TX-6)
1986
R-Lamar Smith (TX-21)
1988 (Nov. 8)
R-Jimmy Duncan (TN-2)
1989 (Aug. 29)
R-Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (FL-27)

1991 (May 8)
R-Sam Johnson (TX-3)
1992
R-Ed Royce (CA-39)
D-Luis Gutiérrez (IL-4)
D-Gene Green (TX-29)
R-Bob Goodlatte (VA-6)
1994
R-Frank LoBiondo (NJ-2)
R-Rodney Frelinghuysen (NJ-11)
1998 (May 19)
D-Robert Brady (PA-1)
1998
D-Mike Capuano (MA-7)
D-Joe Crowley (NY-14)
R-Paul Ryan (WI-1)
2000s
2000
R-Darrell Issa (CA-49)
2001
(May 15)
R-Bill Shuster (PA-9)
2002
R-Marsha Blackburn (TN-7)
R-Jeb Hensarling (TX-5)
2004
R-Charlie Dent (PA-15)
R-Ted Poe (TX-2)
R-Dave Reichert (WA-8)
2006
D-Tim Walz (MN-1)
D-Keith Ellison (MN-5)
2007 (Oct. 16)
D-Niki Tsongas (MA-3)
2008
D-Jared Polis (CO-2)
R-Tom Rooney (FL-17)
R-Lynn Jenkins (KS-2)
R-Gregg Harper (MS-3)
2010s
2010
R-Raúl Labrador (ID-1)
R-Dennis Ross (FL-15)
R-Todd Rokita (IN-4)
R-Steve Pearce (NM-2)*
R-Jim Renacci (OH-16)
R-Patrick Meehan (PA-7)
R-Lou Barletta (PA-11)
R-Trey Gowdy (SC-4)
R-Kristi Noem (SD-AL)
R-Diane Black (TN-6)
2012
D-Kyrsten Sinema (AZ-9)
D-Elizabeth Esty (CT-5)
R-Ron DeSantis (FL-6)
R-Luke Messer (IN-6)
D-John Delaney (MD-6)
D-Rick Nolan (MN-8)
D-Michelle Lujan Grisham (NM-1)
R-Robert Pittenger (NC-9)
R-Kevin Cramer (ND-AL)
R-Jim Bridenstine (OK-1)
D-Beto O'Rourke (TX-16)
2013 (May 7)
R-Mark Sanford (SC-1)*
2014
R-Martha McSally (AZ-2)
R-Dave Trott (MI-11)
R-Ryan Costello (PA-6)
R-Evan Jenkins (WV-3)
2016
D-Colleen Hanabusa (HI-1)*
D-Jacky Rosen (NV-3)
D-Ruben Kihuen (NV-4)
D-Carol Shea-Porter (NH-1)*
R-Tom Garrett (VA-5)

Five exiting Members served previous stints in Congress:
- C.Hanabusa (D-HI) was elected in a Nov. 8, 2016 special election to fill out the term of Rep. Mark Takai and sworn in on Nov. 14; she was as well elected to a full term.  She previously served two terms, being elected in Nov. 2010 and 2012.


- In his first stint in Congress, R.Nolan (D-MN) was elected in 1974 and served three terms, before retiring.  


- C.Shea-Porter (D-NH) was elected in 2006 and 2008, defeated by Guinta in 2010, ousted Guinta in 2012, and defeated by him in 2014.

- S.Pearce (R-NM) previously served three terms, being elected in 2002, 2004 and 2006.

- M.Sanford (R-SC) previously served three terms, being elected in 1994, 1996 and 1998.




Primary Dates
Mar.

May
June

Aug.
Sept.
6-TX
20-IL

8-IN
8-NC
8-OH
8-WV
15-ID
15-NE
15-OR
15-PA
22-AR
22-GA
22-KY
5-AL
5-CA
5-IA
5-MS
5-MT
5-NJ
5-NM
5-OK
5-SD
12-ME
12-NV
12-ND
12-SC
12-VA*
26-CO
26-MD
26-NY
26-UT

2-TN
7-KS
7-MI
7-MO
7-WA
11-HI
14-CT
14-MN
14-VT
14-WI
21-AK
21-WY
28-AZ
28-FL
4-MA
6-DE
11-NH
12-RI


Nov. 6
LA
no primaries in April or July.         
NCSL Primary Dates



Compare to Past Cycles
Cycle
Before
Election Day
Def. in Primary

Def. in General

Freshman Class

After
Election Day
Net Gain
2006 229R, 201D, 1I, 4v
2 (1D, 1R) 
22 (0D, 22R)
55 (42D, 13R) 
234D, 201R
31D

2008
235D, 199R, 1v
4 (1D, 3R)
19 (5D, 14R)
54 (32D, 22R)
257D, 178R
21D

2010 255D, 178R, 2v
4 (2D, 2R)
54 (52D, 2R)
96 (8D, 88R)
242R, 193D
63R

2012

240R, 190D, 5v
13 (7D, 6R)

27 (10D,17R)
84 (49D, 35R)
233R, 200D, 2v
6D

2014

233R, 199D, 3v
5 (1D, 4R)
14 (11D, 3R)
61 (17D, 44R)
247R, 188D
9R

2016 246R, 186D, 3v
5 (2D, 3R)
7 (1D, 6R)
55 (27D, 28R)
241R, 194D
5D

____________________
an incomplete table but it gives a sense of the range...
Cycle
Special
Elections

Straight
Retirements


Running for Sen./
Success
Running for Gov./
Success
 Run Tot./
 Success
2005-06 6 (2D, 4R)
(2D, 4R)

11 (3D, 8R)

7 (4D, 2R, 1I)
3 (2D, 0R, 1I)
  
9 (2D, 7R) 
3 (1D, 2R) 
16 (6D, 9R, 1I)
  6 (3D, 2R, 1I)         
2007-08
13 (6D, 7R)
(9D, 4R)

32 (9D, 23R)

5 (3D, 2R) 
2 (2D, 0R) 

1 (0D, 1R)
0 (0D, 0R)
  6 (3D, 3R)
  2 (2D, 0R)
2009-10 11 (8D, 3R)
(7D, 4R)

21 (12D, 9R)
9 (4D, 5R)
3 (0D, 3R)
9 (3D, 6R)
3 (1D, 2R)
19 (7D, 12R)
  7 (1D, 6R)

2011-12

10 (6D, 4R)
(7D, 3R)



11 (6D, 5R)
 6 (5D, 1R)
2 (1D, 1R)
2 (1D, 1R)

13 (7D, 6R)
  8 (6D, 2R)
2013-14

11 (4D, 7R)
(4D, 7R)

25 (10D, 15R)

13 (3D, 10R)
 7 (1D, 6R)
2 (2D, 0R)
0 (0D, 0R)
16 (6D, 10R)
  7 (1D, 6R)

2015-16 7 (2D, 5R)
(2D, 5R)

27 (8D, 19R)

12 (7D, 5R)
 3 (2D, 1R)
1 (1D, 0R)
1 (1D, 0R)
14 (9D, 5R)
  5 (4D, 1R)

Notes:
In the chart above, "Running for..." columns have two rows; the top row is candidates and lower row is successful candidates.  These numbers do not include Members who announce for another office but later decide to end those campaigns and seek to stay in the House. 

"Run total" occasionally includes other offices besides U.S. Senate and Governor.  In 2010 Adam Putnam (R-FL) ran for Commissioner of Agriculture and won, in 2011/12 Ron Paul (R-TX) ran for President, in 2014 Gloria Negrete McLeod (D-CA) ran for County Supervisor and lost, and in 2016 Janice Hahn (D-CA) ran for County Supervisor and won.

Looking at these six cycles, one sees 57 Members ran for Senate and 24 were successful, while 24 Members ran for Governor and 9 were successful.


There is a definitional issue when it comes to retirements.  This category could encompass a number of different possibilities.  The narrowest definition is those who are leaving Congress at the end of their term and not seeking another elective office (straight retirements).  Next one can add those who are leaving and running for other offices.  Then, broadening the defiinition, there are those who leave before finishing their term where a special election is held and the seat filled.  Finally, there are those who are those who are defeated in primaries or die in office (involuntary retirements).  Another indicator to look at is open seats.


 

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